You should seek impartial advice and support from the Students’ Union Advice Centre if you are involved in an investigation into your research conduct.
9.1.1 We view you as trainee academics, and encourage you to publish in peer-reviewed journals during your research programme. We, therefore hold you to the same standards expected by quality journals.
9.1.2 You are expected to maintain research integrity. You must respect other members of the research community, both within and outside the University, and uphold the research integrity values of that community when producing work. It is your responsibility to ensure that any work you present or submit is your own.
9.1.3 In all of your work, you must use a recognised referencing system that is appropriate to your discipline consistently and correctly.
9.1.4 We provide services, guidance and information to help you develop your academic and research skills so that you know how to avoid research misconduct. The support we provide includes:
9.1.5 For more information on the training we offer, you should visit the Graduate School website
9.1.6 You are responsible for making sure that you are familiar with the University’s Research conduct policies. These policies are reviewed annually, and are available on our website. They include:
9.1.7 Research misconduct is a form of dishonesty, which we see as a serious offence. What we may view as poor academic practice at undergraduate level is more likely to be viewed as research misconduct at Master’s or Doctoral level and it is treated less leniently. We strongly recommend that you refresh your understanding of referencing, plagiarism and ethical research practice. Self-plagiarism, in particular, is quite complex and can be misunderstood.
9.2.1 In limited circumstances, it may be acceptable for you to develop or re-use work in your thesis that you have previously submitted for publication or an award. If you do this, you must make it clear which sections of your thesis have been previously submitted elsewhere.
9.2.2 When you have sole or co-authored work which is published, in press or submitted for publication, you must reference the work clearly, just as you would any other source.
9.2.3 You must make sure that you are not infringing copyright of any journals in which you have published.
9.2.4 At the start of your thesis, there must be a list of any publications arising from the work and a statement of your contribution to each paper listed; you should also make it clear if your thesis is an extension of earlier research that you have submitted for an award.
9.2.5 The following may be acceptable:
9.2.6 If in doubt about how to avoid any misconduct, you should seek advice from your supervisors, your School Director of Graduate Education or the Researcher Environment Team. Some examples of research misconduct offences are given at the end of this section.
9.3.1 We define research misconduct as a failure to behave in line with our academic standards. It includes trying to deceive the University’s detection systems.
9.3.2 Some examples of research misconduct are listed below. This is not an exhaustive list but the offences may include:
9.3.3 Contract cheating
9.3.7 Issues of authorship
9.3.8 Failure to conduct ethical research
Failure to comply with the University Research Ethics and Integrity Policy when planning and conducting your research, including:
9.4.1 If you fail to meet the expectations and standards outlined in this section, an allegation of research misconduct may be brought against you. If we find that you have conducted your research in an inappropriate manner, we may penalise you.
9.4.2 There are three stages to the procedure for investigating allegations of research misconduct:
9.4.3 We can make decisions and apply penalties at any stage of the procedure. In determining the penalty to apply, we will consider the full tariff of penalties and we will explain to you why any specific penalty has been chosen. We will also take into consideration whether there may be any disproportionate or unintended consequences for you if a certain penalty is chosen; for example, where a PGR has a deteriorating health condition.
9.4.4 You can appeal the outcome of an investigation at any stage.
9.4.5 In cases where the allegation represents a serious breach of research conduct, we may choose to escalate the procedure immediately to a higher stage without exhausting the procedure at a lower stage. If we decide to start our investigations at a higher stage of the procedure, we will explain to you why we have decided to do this.
9.4.6 If your work is associated with an UKRI funded project, we will notify the research council at the point of starting an investigation into your research conduct.
9.4.7 We may refer to any upheld allegations of research misconduct in character references, or notify any relevant professional or funding body.
9.4.8 If you withdraw from your course during this procedure, you will not be allowed to return to study with us until we have investigated the matter and notified you of the outcome. If you ask us for a reference, it will record where a research misconduct matter is outstanding.
9.5.1 You can find full details relating to the Research misconduct procedure on our website.