The Institute of Railway Research (IRR) has become a Centre of Excellence for the new £90m UK Rail Research and Innovation Network (UKRRIN).
None in Three (Ni3)
This research centre is challenging the physical or sexual violence that according to the World Health Organisation, one-in-three women and girls are subject to in their lifetime.
Researchers at Huddersfield have discovered that the use of seawater in the production of renewable energy source bioethanol significantly reduces its water footprint.
Institute of Railway Research
As leader of UKRRIN’S Centre of Excellence in Rolling Stock, the IRR will be the conduit for almost £30 million of research funding. Within UKRRIN, the Institute of Railway Research’s task will be to develop a new generation of rolling stock that lasts longer, is more energy efficient and is less costly to maintain.
Almost £300,000 was also awarded to the IRR for the investigation of novel materials and manufacturing processes as part of an EU-backed project to develop lighter, more reliable, more comfortable and quieter rolling railway stock.
The aim is to explore the potential or shortcomings of new materials, with possible benefits including the reduction in the weight of bogies, simpler designs and reduced life cycle costs.
Furthermore, Dr Adam Bevan and Dr Xiaocheng Ge of the IRR are playing a central role in an EU-funded Shift2Rail research programme worth £680,000.
They are leading the research into the maintenance and systems engineering dimension of the project.
A global, transdisciplinary research centre at the University aims to make this none-in-three, and has adopted this ambition as its title. None in Three (Ni3) aims to better understand and to prevent genderbased violence (GBV) through the development and evaluation of pro-social computer games as educational interventions.
Focusing on prevention, engaging and educating young people is pivotal to its work. None in Three’s first project, funded by the EU and implemented in Barbados and Grenada from 2016 to 2018, focused on domestic violence and resulted in the game, “Jesse”.
Research showed that the prosocial game Jesse created by the project was effective in influencing young people’s awareness of GBV and increasing empathy and conflict resolution skills, not just during and immediately after game play, but for a sustained period.
The game has also been used for the training of professionals. The model was then refined to enable cross cultural knowledge sharing and research capacity building internationally, and has been adopted for the project (2017-2021) that has received £4.5 million from the UK Research and Innovation’s Global Challenges Research Fund.
In the fight against global warming, the research team of Dr Chenyu Du and Dr Abdelrahman Zaky has discovered that the use of seawater in the production of renewable energy source bioethanol significantly reduces its water footprint.
Current methods can have a water footprint of more than 1,000 litres of fresh water (a precious resource in many parts of the world) to produce a single litre of the fuel. The research demonstrates that seawater can substitute freshwater for bioethanol production without compromising production efficiency and that marine yeast is a potential candidate for use in the bioethanol industry, especially when using seawater or high salt-based fermentation media.