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Doctor of Enterprise, EntD

An EntD is a type of PhD, the highest academic award for which a student can be registered.

Like a PhD, individuals who work towards a EntD pursue a research project built around a substantial piece of work, which has to show evidence of original contribution to knowledge. However, the EntD is designed for students whose emphasis is on the need for research to underpin a new business, social enterprise, or innovative service idea. 

The expectation for an EntD is that research will be carried out for 5/6 of the period of study with the remaining 1/6 of study time using the research undertaken to develop and action a business plan; the research and business development phases should run concurrently.

The Research Programme

The programme of research normally involves a literature study, an experimental or hypothesis-testing phase, an evolution phase perhaps followed by further theory and experimental studies before concluding: individuals working towards the award of EntD are required to successfully complete a programme resulting in a significant contribution to knowledge with an enterprise-related outcome.

The thesis will show how the primary research and personal reflection has been used to inform and action a fully developed business plan. The final business plan, included in the submitted thesis, will be assessed as part of the examination process.  There is no requirement that the developed innovation was successful, however, if the initiative failed, the thesis should explore how and why it failed, and suggest how this could be avoided if taken forwards again in the future.

You are expected to work to an approved programme of work including appropriate programmes of postgraduate study (which may be drawn from parts of existing postgraduate courses, final year degree programmes, conferences, guided reading or a combination of study methods). The programme of research is assisted by these background and related studies which can be especially important if you are a part-time/mature student who may have been away from formal studying for some time.


A minimum of one main supervisor who will normally be part of a supervisory team, comprising of up to three members. At least one member of the supervisory team will have a successful track record of supervision at the appropriate level and at least one member of the supervisory team will be currently engaged in research in the relevant discipline(s) so as to ensure that the direction and monitoring of the student's progress is informed by up to date subject knowledge and research developments. At least one member of the supervisory team will also act as an Enterprise Advisor.


Examination for an EntD is by thesis and by oral examination ‘Viva Voce’

The text of the thesis should not normally exceed 40,000 words for science, engineering and art and design subjects, or 80,000 words for arts, social sciences and education subjects.

Where the submission is accompanied by material in other than written form or the research involves creative writing or the preparation of a scholarly edition, the written commentary should normally be a minimum of 10,000 words.

Length of Study

Doctor of Enterprise


Submission Pending (writing-up)


36 months

up to 12 months


84 months


Entry Requirements

The normal entry requirements for enrolment are either:

  • a Master's degree provided in a discipline which included training in research and the execution of a research project, and enterprise-related training (e.g. a Masters of Enterprise)


  • a good honours degree (or equivalent) in an appropriate discipline and with appropriate experience of running a business or service requiring substantial project and financial planning.

If you hold an appropriate Master's degree by research, direct enrolment for the Doctor of Enterprise may be possible.

Since 31 March 2009 most international students coming to study in the UK have been required to apply for a visa under the new Points Based System, Tier 4.  However, this visa type explicitly excludes self-employment and trading in the UK.  We are therefore unable to accept applications for Masters of Enterprise or Enterprise Doctorate study from international students where their research is likely to include an element of UK based trading.

You can find detailed advice on the United Kingdom Border Agency website.

Some international students also require an ATAS (Academic Technology Approval Scheme) Certificate. Your offer letter will tell you whether or not you have to apply. Further information about this scheme can be found on the Foreign and Commonwealth Office website.

International students whose first language or language of instruction is not English should have also passed an English Language qualification. (TOEFL - 550 score minimum and IELTS 6.0 minimum will be considered acceptable).

For further information on studying and working in the UK visit the International Office webpages for reference.

PLEASE NOTE that all international applicants applying for a postgraduate research degree must do so through the Research and Enterprise Department, please see the Contact Us page.

Last updated Monday 4 February 2013
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