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Portrait of Professor Paul Ward Professor Paul Ward

p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk | 01484 478413



Biography

Paul Ward is Professor of Modern British History and Head of the Department of History, English, Languages and Media. He joined the university in 2000. He studied for his BA and PhD at Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London. He has taught at London Guildhall University, Middlesex University, the University of Westminster and Royal Holloway, University of London. He was visiting lecturer at the University of A Coruña in Spain in the spring of 2004, and Fulbright-Robertson Professor of British History at Westminster College, Missouri, 2004 to 2005.

Paul is on Twitter @profpaulward

Research & Scholarship

Paul's research is concerned with national identities in the United Kingdom since the late nineteenth century. In particular, Paul is well known for his historical study of Britishness.

He is also interested in oral history, public history and the co-production of historical knowledge, especially the ways in which communities think about their histories.

He has written four books: Red Flag and Union Jack: Englishness, Patriotism and the British Left 1881-1924, published in 1998 (re-issued in paperback in 2011); Britishness since 1870 in 2004; Unionism in the United Kingdom in 2005 (funded by a grant from the AHRB); and Huw T. Edwards: British Labour and Welsh Socialism, published in 2011 (funded by a British Academy Major Research Grant).

In 2011 Paul was involved in a European Science Foundation funded workshop on Historiography and history teaching after empire.

Paul’s current projects include:

The Beefeaters, Britishness and the British World since the 1820s: This is a book-length project exploring representations and experiences of the Yeomen Warders at the Tower of London. It is linked to a broader project called Distant Britons, which explores British identities globally.

Imagine: Connecting Communities Through Research (Imagining better communities and making them happen). ESRC-AHRC funded project under the Connected Communities Civic Engagement call. This is a major project led by Dr Kate Pahl (University of Sheffield) and involving ten universities. As one of the lead CIs, I am exploring co-production of research by community groups and academics and examining how community groups use history to develop their identities, as well as providing a historical overview for the project as a whole. 2013-2017. The project website is at http://www.imaginecommunity.org.uk/

This project has involved working with grassroots organisations to explore the diversity of British culture in twentieth century Britain. Examples of these projects and groups include:

Sound System Culture http://soundsystemculturehuddersfield.tumblr.com/

Bhangra Renaissance http://www.virsa.info/

Kirklees Local TV http://www.kirkleeslocaltv.com/

Publications and Other Research Outputs

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Externally, the United States of America replaced the political, economic and cultural hegemony previously enjoyed by the British Empire, and Britain was forced to turn to an integrating Europe for its future economic security. Additionally, the Empire provided a legacy of mass migration to the United Kingdom. In some quarters this added to the sense of disquiet over the crumbling of the apparently previous ethnic homogeneity of the British. Internally, serious demands for devolution, which had previously been confined to Ireland/Northern Ireland, emerged in Scotland and Wales. By the end of the century majorities in both countries had voted for constitutional change in the relationships between their nations and the Westminster parliament. Such events have led many commentators to question the ability of the United Kingdom, Britishness and Englishness to survive. In the 1970s Tom Nairn, a Marxist Scottish nationalist, looked forward to The Break-up of Britain; at the very end of the century, John Redwood, one time contender for the leadership of the Conservative Party, warned of The Death of Britain. This essay examines the history of British national identity in the twentieth century, arguing that Britishness was never as solid as many current commentators presume, but in turn that the variety and diversity of Britishness suggests a much greater ability to adapt than both Nairn and Redwood have suggested. 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Wales - Life Story as National Metaphor: Case Studies of R. J. Derfel (1824-1905) and Huw T. Edwards (1892-1970)', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/70/63', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '27', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-229X.2009.00474.x', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '3', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '9', 'publisher' => 'Wiley-Blackwell', 'pagerange' => '45-63', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2010', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'History', 'lastmod_second' => '24', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '0018-2648', 'datestamp_hour' => '10', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '24', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 1, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '7063', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2010', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '3', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20100100', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '10', 'number' => '317', 'rev_number' => '10', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'mh', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'D1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '27', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '9', 'datestamp_day' => '9', 'abstract' => 'The public representation of the lives of individuals forms part of a long literary tradition and biography has often had a didactic purpose. Frequently the purpose was to use life stories as national metaphors, to instil ideas of how nations should behave. In this way, individuals acted as mirrors of the nation. This article examines two case studies in Wales: R. J. Derfel, nineteenth-century socialist, and Huw T. Edwards, twentieth-century trade unionist and Labour politician turned nationalist. It does so in order to explore how their life stories were constructed, by them and others, as representative of Welsh national experience. It considers responses to such acts of contrivance, by the press and the people, in order to investigate the cultural mentalities of Welsh society in which the biographies were read and consumed.', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '1668', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '27', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1111/j.1468-229X.2009.00474.x', 'volume' => '95', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2010', 'status_changed_hour' => '10', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '893' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'eprintid' => '893', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '6', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '40', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => '[Various entries]', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/08/93', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '2', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '48', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => undef, 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '6', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '19', 'publisher' => 'ABC-CLIO', 'pagerange' => undef, 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => 'The Home Front Encyclopedia: United States, Britain, and Canada in World Wars I and II', 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'book_section', 'publication' => undef, 'lastmod_second' => '55', 'place_of_pub' => 'Oxford', 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => undef, 'datestamp_hour' => '13', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '40', 'note' => 'Entries on 'The Conservative Party, ' 'The Labour Party, ' 'Northern Ireland, ' 'Scotland, ' 'Film (UK), ' and 'The BBC, ' in J. Ciment and T. Russell (ed.), The Home Front Encyclopedia: United States, Britain, and Canada in World Wars I and II', 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 12, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '893', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2010', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => '978-1-57607-849-5', 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '1', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20061200', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => '1478', 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '4', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '17', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'mh', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'D501', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '26', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '25', 'datestamp_day' => '25', 'abstract' => undef, 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '3494', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '26', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2006', 'status_changed_hour' => '13', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '14129' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1342177801', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'eprintid' => '14129', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '7', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2012', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '54', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'The Permissive Society and the Break-up of Britain', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/01/41/29', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '9', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => undef, 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '7', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '13', 'publisher' => 'University of A Coruna', 'pagerange' => '287-300', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2012', 'book_title' => 'About Culture', 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'book_section', 'publication' => undef, 'lastmod_second' => '54', 'place_of_pub' => 'A Coruna', 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => undef, 'datestamp_hour' => '11', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '54', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 1, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '14129', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2012', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => '8497491254', 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '7', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20040100', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => '547', 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '7', 'edit_lock_user' => '116', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'mh', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'DA', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '9', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '13', 'datestamp_day' => '13', 'abstract' => undef, 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '1668', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '9', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2004', 'status_changed_hour' => '11', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '14010' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1369311286', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'eprintid' => '14010', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '7', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2012', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '17', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Beefeaters, British History and the Empire in Asia and Australasia since 1826', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/01/40/10', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '16', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/brw.2012.0056', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '7', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '23', 'publisher' => 'Edinburgh University Press', 'pagerange' => '240-258', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2012', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'Britain and the World', 'lastmod_second' => '1', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '2043-8575', 'datestamp_hour' => '15', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '17', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 9, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '14010', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '5', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20120900', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '12', 'number' => '2', 'rev_number' => '7', 'edit_lock_user' => '3483', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'mh', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'D204', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '37', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '12', 'datestamp_day' => '12', 'abstract' => 'The Yeoman Warders at the Tower of London (colloquially known as ‘Beefeaters’) have been represented as a quintessential part of British history. Their distinctive Tudor costumes and their highly visible role at the Tower made them iconic symbols of Britishness. One would think that the Beefeater could only be seen in London yet the iconography of the Beefeater was widespread across the British Empire, including India, Hong Kong, Malaya, Australia and New Zealand. This essay explores the transmission of a symbol of Britishness, arguing that while the Beefeater was a global icon, it resonated most with those who desired a direct connection to Anglo-British history. The reception and consumption of the Beefeater differed substantially. In Australia and New Zealand, the Beefeater allowed ‘distant Britons’ to celebrate a nostalgic history shared with the old country, while elsewhere in the Empire and Commonwealth, the Beefeater was too historically obscure to hold resonance and often symbolised the commercialism associated with marketing alcohol. This essay explores the changing representations and meaning of the Beefeaters as an icon of Britishness across the rise and fall of the British Empire.', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '1668', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '37', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.3366/brw.2012.0056', 'volume' => '5', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2012', 'status_changed_hour' => '15', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '898' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1340199178', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'eprintid' => '898', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '6', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/898/1/898_Scottish_Unionism_Ward.pdf', 'status_changed_second' => '23', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Union is not Amalgamation Scotland is a Nation: Unionism and Scottishness in the Twentieth Century', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/08/98', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'restricted', 'lastmod_minute' => '33', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => undef, 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '6', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '20', 'publisher' => 'Museum Tusculanum Press', 'pagerange' => '49-65', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'Angles on the English-Speaking World', 'lastmod_second' => '9', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '0903-1723', 'datestamp_hour' => '14', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '23', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => undef, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '898', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2012', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '6', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20070000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '13', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '14', 'edit_lock_user' => '116', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'mh', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'JN1187', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '30', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '25', 'datestamp_day' => '25', 'abstract' => 'The Conservatives, known as Unionists, were a popular force in Scotland for much of the twentieth century because theywerewell able to represent Scottish interests and identity within the British political system. Their decline, which came later than many historians suggest, accompanied a move away from Unionism towards Conservatism. This was epitomised by the disregard for Scotland exhibited by Thatcherism. However, Labour's ability to express Scottishness in the 1980s and 1990s meant that the decline of Conservatism in Scotland should not be seen as the demise of unionism.', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '3494', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '30', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => '7', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2007', 'status_changed_hour' => '14', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '15925' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => 'history of sport; national identities; Britishness; historiography; antisport', 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1412160518', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'eprintid' => '15925', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '11', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => 'Need to add vol/issue number etc CE 13/11/12', 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2012', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/15925/1/Ward_Last_man_picked_final.pdf', 'status_changed_second' => '42', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Last Man Picked. Do Mainstream Historians Need to Play with Sports Historians?', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/01/59/25', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'public', 'lastmod_minute' => '50', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => 5, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2012.726617', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '11', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '1', 'publisher' => 'Talyor and Francis', 'pagerange' => '6-13', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2012', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'International Journal of the History of Sport', 'lastmod_second' => '25', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '0952-3367', 'datestamp_hour' => '15', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '42', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 1, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '15925', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2014', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '10', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20130105', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '10', 'number' => '1', 'rev_number' => '10', 'edit_lock_user' => '3483', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'mh', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'D204', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '37', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '13', 'datestamp_day' => '13', 'abstract' => 'This polemical essay explores whether ‘mainstream’ political and social historians need to engage with the history of sport. It recounts the coercive nature of the author’s encounters with sports and sports history and suggests that greater integration of the history of sport into histories of Britain relies on a mutual understanding of the imperatives of academic historians, not least in the world of the Research Excellence Framework and the ‘impact’ agenda. ', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '1668', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '37', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1080/09523367.2012.726617', 'volume' => '30', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2013', 'status_changed_hour' => '15', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '16693' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1400586864', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'eprintid' => '16693', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '2', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'yes', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2013', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '4', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Did you see James Mason in town today? A case study in transatlantic and local identities in British stardom', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/01/66/93', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '55', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14794012.2013.843892', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '2', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '20', 'publisher' => 'Taylor and Francis', 'pagerange' => '403-422', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2013', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'Journal of Transatlantic Studies', 'lastmod_second' => '6', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '1754-1018 ', 'datestamp_hour' => '16', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '4', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 12, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '16693', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2014', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '5', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20131200', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => '4', 'rev_number' => '10', 'edit_lock_user' => '3483', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'mh', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'D204', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '1', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '14', 'datestamp_day' => '14', 'abstract' => 'American films have often been seen as agents of Americanisation. James Mason’s long career as an actor seems to support such a trajectory, from inhabitant of a locality to transatlantic star. Likewise audiences have been considered as following a similar journey, as they transported themselves to America via seats in the cinema and their living rooms. This article examines Mason’s relationship with his home town of Huddersfield in order to explore the development of his sense of place, as he first distanced himself from the town and then, as he got older, adopted a Yorkshire identity. In response, audiences in Huddersfield used Mason’s stardom to express their civic identities. Keywords: James Mason; Huddersfield; Hollywood; films; identity; locality; audiences ', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '1668', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '1', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1080/14794012.2013.843892', 'volume' => '11', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2013', 'status_changed_hour' => '16', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '1657' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1397125655', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'eprintid' => '1657', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '8', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => 'http://www.palgrave.com/authors/archive.asp', 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/1657/1/Microsoft_Word_%2D_1657_National_identity_in_Edwardian_Britain_Ward.pdf', 'status_changed_second' => '53', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Nationalism and national identity in British politics, c. 1880s to 1914', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/16/57', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'public', 'lastmod_minute' => '28', 'refereed' => undef, 'contact_email' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => 19, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => undef, 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '8', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '10', 'publisher' => 'Palgrave Macmillan', 'pagerange' => undef, 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => 'History, Nationhood and the Question of Britain', 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'book_section', 'publication' => undef, 'lastmod_second' => '12', 'place_of_pub' => 'Hampshire, UK', 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => undef, 'datestamp_hour' => '11', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Ward', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '53', 'note' => 'Reproduced with permission of Palgrave Macmillan', 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 12, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '1657', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2014', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => '9781403912961', 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '4', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20031219', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => 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'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => undef, 'note' => 'UoA 62 (History) Reproduced by kind permission of Maney Publishing © 2002 Maney Publishing', 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 8, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '465', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2010', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '7', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20020800', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '18', 'number' => '2', 'rev_number' => '15', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'mh', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'D1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '35', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '22', 'datestamp_day' => '2', 'abstract' => 'In the 1930S the Labour Party was engaged in an intense debate over the direction of its foreign policy in response to the rise of expansionist fascist powers in Europe. The lift of the party rejected rearmament by the National govemment. Others, like Hugh Dalton, called for rearmament. Some historians have seen this second stance as incompatible with socialism, describing it as an adjustment to reality. This article argues that the Labour re-armers accommodated national difence within their socialism, and that this benefited the party when in 1940 it entered the Churchill coalition and in 1945 when it faced the electorate.', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => '67', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => 'Scanned copy from ILL - some items in References not copied? Permisson from publisher', 'referencetext' => '1 New Age, 9 September 1909. My thanks go to Keith Laybourn, Sarah I3astow and the anonymous readers for providing constructive comments on earlier drafts of this article. Valuable suggestions were made on one version of this paper at the Institute of Contemporary British History's 'The Left in the Twentieth Century' conference, London, July 1999. 2 R. Miliband, Parliamentary Socialism, first published 1961, second edition, London, Merlin, 1972, pp. 231-71; J. F. Naylor, Labour's Intemational Policy: The Labour Party in the 1930.1, London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969; M. R. Gordon, COllflict and Consensus in Labour's Fore(([lIPolicy 1914-1965, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 1969. See also S. Wichert, 'The British Left and Appeasement: Political Tactics or Alternative Policies?', in W. J. Mommsen and L. Kettenacker (eds), the Fascist Challellge alII! the P"licy "f Appeasemellt, London, Allen and Unwin, 1983, pp. 125-41. 3 J. I3rookshire, '''Speak for England", act for England: Labour's leadership and I3ritish national security under the threat of war in the late [930S', European History Quarterly, 29, 2, 1999, pp. 251-87; J. Swift, Labour ill Crisis: Clement Aftlee and the Labour Party ill Opposition, 193/-40, Basingstoke, Palgrave, 2001. J. W. Young, 'Idealism and realism in the history of Labour's foreign policy', Bulletin "f the Society for the Study of Labour History, 50, 1985, pp. 14-19, is a useful historiographical essay. 4 For a discussion of the politics of the historiography of the interwar years see M. Smith, Democracy ill a Depression: Britain ill the 1920.1 and 1930S, Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 1998. 5 K. Morgan, Against Fascism alld War: Ruptures and Contilluities in British Commlmist Politics, 1935-41, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1989; J. JuPP, The Radical L~ft in Britain 193/-1941, London, Cass, 1982; B. Pimlott, Labour arid the L~ft in the 1930.1, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1977. " See for example, I3. Pimlott, Hugh Daltoll, London, Cape, 1985; B. 13rivati, H11.([hCaitskell, London, Richard Cohen, 1996. 7 As N. J. Crowson does in depth for the Conservatives in his Facill,([Fascism: The COllservatille Party and the European Dictators 1935-194°, London, Routledge, 1997. H Labour Party, AlInual Conferellce Report, 1934, p. 174, henceforth LPA CR. 9 J. H. Grainger, Patriotisms: Britain 19°0-1939, London, Routledge, 1986, p. 329; G. Orwell, 'Notes on Nationalism', in S. Orwell and 1. Angus (eds), the Collected Essays, Jouma/ism alld Letters "f Geo~([e OniJcll. Vol. J.' As I Please, 1943-1945, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1970, pp. 423-5. For the 1931 political crisis and its impact see R. I3assett, Nineteell Thirty-Olle: Political Crisis, Aldershot, Gower, 1980; P. Williamson, National Crisis and National Coverlllnellt: British Politics, the Ecollomy alld the Empire 1926-1932, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1992; A. Thorpe, The British Gellera/ Election of 1931, Oxford, Clarendon, 1991; S. Brooke, Labour's War: The La/lOur Party during the Sceolld ~Vorld War, Oxford, Oxford University Press, [992, ch. I. 10B. Donoughue and G. W. Jones, Herbert iVforrison: Portrait of a Politician, London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1973, p. 150; Stafford Cripps, 'Natiollal' Fascism ill Britain, London, Socialist League, n.d.; LPACR, 1933, p. 218. See also Aneurin I3evan, LPACR, [937, p. 209. 11 J. Hinton, Protests and Visiom: Peace Politics ill 20th Celltury Britain, London, Hutchinson Radius, 1989, p. [14· 12 Pimlott, Dalton, pp. 246-7. 13 Ibid., pp. 104, 184. 14 H. Dalton, The Fatiful Years: iVfcmoirs 1931-1945, London, Muller, 1957, p. 41. 15 Stephen Bird, archivist at the National Museum of Labour History, kindly allowed me sight of his biography of Gillies for a forthcoming volume of the Dicti,mary of Labour Biograpl/y. 16 Labour Party International Department: Germany files, National Museum of Labour History (NMLH), ID/GER/15, contain the memorandum and Noel-Baker's response. 17 'Fight for Freedom' circular letter, II February 1942, NMLH, !D/GER/r6/o.IH Quoted in C. Collette, The International Faith: Labour's Attitudes to European Socialism 1918-39, Aldershot, Ashgate, 1')')H,p. 4'). 19 See, T. D. Burridge, British Labour and Hitler's War, London, Deutsch, 1')76, pp. 23-4, for the distinctions made between Nazis and Germans in the Labour Party during the Second World War. See also I. Tombs, 'The Victory of Socialist "Vansittartism"; Labour and the German Question,' Twentieth Century British History, 7, 3, 1')')6, pp. 2H7-30'). 20 NMLH, ID/GER/3/P. 21 NMLH, ID/GER/3/34. 22 H. Dalton, Practical Socialism for Britain, London, Routledge, 1')35, p. 4. 23 R. McKibbin, Ideolo.f;ies of Class: Social Relations in Britailz 1880-1950, Oxford, Clarendon, 1')')0, pp. 25')-')3. For Baldwin's Englishness see S. Nicholas, 'The construction of a national identity: Stanley Baldwin, "Englishness" and the mass media in inter-war Britain', in M. Francis and I. Zweiniger- Bargielowska (eds), The Conservatives and British Society, 1880-1990, Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 1996. 24 See E. F. M. Durbin, The Politics olDemocratic Socialism: All Essay on Social Policy, London, Routledge, 1')40; E. Durbin, New jerusalems: The Labour Party and the Economics of Democratic Socialism, London, Routledge, I')H5; S. Brooke, 'Evan Durbin: Reassessing a Labour "Revisionist"', Twetztieth Cel/tury British History, 7, I, I')')6, pp. 27-52. 25 'The English Political Scene/British Political Tradition' (lecture), E. F. M. Durbin Papers, British Library of Political and Economic Science (BLPES), 1/3. 26 'Future of the English Labour Party' (lecture), Durbin Papers, BLPES, 1/3. 27 H. J. Laski, ParliamClltary GovernmCllt in England, 1')38, in H. Pelling (ed.), The ChallCllge of Socialism, London, A. and C. I31ack,1954, p. 2H3. For a historian's explanation of similar matters see R. McKibbin, 'Why was there no Marxism in Great Britain?', in his Ideologies o.l Class. 2H P. Ward, Red Flag and Ullion jack: En,f;lislmess, Patriotism atld the British Lelt 1881-1924, Woodbridge, Royal Historical Society/Boydell and Brewer, 1998, chs 3 and 8. For the relationship of the left to British parliamentary democracy see L. Barrow and I. Bullock, Democratic Ideas and the British Labour l'vlovement, 1880-1914, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1')')6. For Dalton's views on parliamentary reform, see Practical Socialism, chs S, 6, 8. 29 C. R. Attlee, The Labo;,r Party in Perspective, 1')37, cited in K. Harris, Attlee, London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1')H2, p. 130. 30 Dalton, Practical Socialism, pp. 16,17. See also Dalton as chairman of the party conference, LPACR, 1')37, p. 137. For Webb, see Ward, Red Flag and Union jack, p. 181. 31 See 'Note on Munich Agreement of September 30 1')38', Durbin Papers, BLPES, 3/ro; Durbin to Hugh lGaitskell]' 13 October I,)3H, ibid. 32 Sheffield Trades and Labour Council, Annual Report 1938-9, p. 8, WakefIeld, E. P. Microform. 33 Collette, International Faith, quotes are from pp. I and 187-8. 34 Ward, Red Flag and Union jack, pp. 103-8. 35 H. Dalton, 'Some Impressions of Czechoslovakia', New Statesman, IH May 1935, cited in Naylor, Labour's International Policy, p. 237. 3r, LPACR, 1')36, p. 204. 37 Harris, Attlee, pp. 12H-'). See T. Buchanan, The Spanish Civil War and the British Labour Jl10VemCllt, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991, especially for divisions over attitudes to Spain. Dalton, Fateful Years, p. ')6. 3H Donoughue andjones, Hcrbert Morrison, p. 254. See alsoJ. Williams of the Miners' Federation, LPA CR, 1')35, p. 16I. HuddersfIeld Labour Party saw 'the safety of the British people' being 'assured by alliance with Russia', Minute Book, Special General Committee, 2 May 1939, University of HuddersfIeld Archives. 39 Both quotes from Naylor, Labour's International Policy, pp. 47, 54. See also Labour Party, The Communist Solar System, London, Labour Party, 1933, and National joint Council [of the TUC and Labour Party]' Democracy I'crSIlS Dictatorship, London, National joint Council, 1933. 40 K. Laybourn and D. Murphy, Under the Red Flag: A History ,~l Communism in Britain, c. 1849-1991, Stroud, Sutton, I')')'), p. H6. 41 Press cuttings, Durbin Papers, 13LPES, 7/3, 6.42 Dictatorships and the Trade Union Movement, TUC Report, 1933 in A. Bullock, The Life alld Times of Ernest Bevin. Volume One: Trade Union Leader 1881-1940, London, Heinemann, 1900, pp. 527-8. 43 H. Morrison, 'Social Change - Peaceful or Violent?' Political Quarterly, x,january to March 1939, p. 3. 44 'Labour and the War' draft, n.d. [September 1939], Hugh Dalton Papers, BLPES, 3/2/rI-I4. 45 S. Howe, Anticolonialism in British Politics: The Left and the End i!fEmpire 1918-1964,Oxford, Clarendon, 1993, pp. 47-8. 46 Quoted in Naylor, Labour's International Policy, p. 12. See also G. Orwell, 'Not counting niggers', in S. Orwell and I. Angus (eds), The Collected Essays, journalism and Letters i!f Ceo~r;e On;JClI. Volume 1: An Age Like This, 1920-194°, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1970, which specifically addresses the relationship between British democracy and imperialism. 47 E. F. M. Durbin, VVhat Have We to DefCHd? A Bri~f Critical Examination if the British Social Tradition, London, Routledge, 1942, p. oI. 48 Howe, Anticolonialism, p. 98. 49 Ethical World, 12 November 1898, quoted in B. Porter, Critics (~f Empire: British Radical Attitudes to Colonialism in Africa 1895-1914, London, Macmillan, 1968, p. 189. 50 J. R. MacDonald, Labour and the Empire, Hassocks, Harvester, 1974, first published 1907, pp. 49-50. 51 C. R. Attlee, The Labour Party in Perspective, London, Left Book Club, 1937, p. 25[. 52 LPACR, 1937, p. 2II. 53 Dalton, Fateful Years, p. 153. 54 Ward, Red Flag and Union jack, p. 185. 55 For Labour's inattention to imperial matters in the I930S, see K. O. Morgan, Labour in Power 1945-1951, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1985, pp. 188-9, and P. S. Gupta, Imperialism and the British Labour Movement 1914-1964, London, Macmillan, 1975, pp. 227-3 I. 56 For Attlee's role see Swift, Labour in Crisis, pp. 40-54. 57 Quoted in Howe, Anticolonialism, p. 90. 58 Ibid., p. I06. 59 Orwell, 'Not counting niggers', p. 434. 60 Attlee, The Labour Party in Perspective, p. 232, quoted in Howe, Anticolonialism, p. 40. 61 See for example, LPACR, 1934, p. 3; National Council of Labour, Imernational Policy and D~fCHce, London, National Council of Labour, n.d. [1937], p. 4. 62 General Election leaflet, 1931, Durbin Papers, BLPES, 3/r 25. 63 Will Lawther's Election News, n.d. [1931]. H. Morrison also used the phrase in An Easy Outline of Modern Socialism, second edition, London, n.p., 1935. For the slogan's earlier use see Ward, Red Flag and Union jack, pp. 23-4. 64 Cited in Donoughue and jones, Herbert Morrison, p. 253. 65 LPACR, 1939, p. 285. 66 Labour Party, War and Socialism, London, Labour Party, pp. II, 12. 67 R. Samuel, 'Introduction: Exciting to be English', in Raphae1 Samuel (ed.), Patn'otism: The JWaking and Unmaking of British National Identity. Volume 1: History and Politics, London, Routledge, 1989, p. xxiii. Richard Weight argues that the intelligentsia's affair with the left was short-lived but its relationship with the 'national' culture was much more enduring: 'State, Intelligentsia and the Promotion of National Culture in Britain, [939-45', Historical Research, LXIX,1996, pp. 83-lOI. 68 For a discussion of the methodology employed by Mass-Observation, the largest of these documentarist organisations, see P. Gurney, '''Intersex'' and "Dirty Girls": Mass-Observation and working-class sexuality in England in the I930s', journal if the History if Sexuality, 8, 2, 1997, pp. 250-90. See J. Baxenda1e, '''I had seen a lot of Englands": J. B. Priestley, Englishness and the people', History Workshop journal, 51, 2001, pp. 87-1I I for Priestley's project to base politics on a culture of the national-popular, in Gramsci's phraseology. See also C. Waters, 'J. B. Priestley (1894-1984): Englishness and the Politics of Nostalgia', in S. Pedersen and P. Mandler (eds), After the Victorians: Private Conscience and Public Duty, London, Routledge, 1994, pp. 208-20. 69 See for example, Report if the Labour Party's Commission if Enquiry into Distressed Areas: Durham and the North East Coast, London, Labour Party, n.d. [1937]. 7() See for example, the illustrated version of Labour's Immediate Programme, published as Your Britain in 1937.71 G. Field, 'Social Patriotism and the British Working Class: Appearance and Disappearance of a Tradition', Intemational Labour mId Working Class History, 42, 1992, pp. 20-39. 72 Brookshire, 'Speak for England', p. 268. 73 Huddersfield Labour Party, Minute Book, General Committee, 17 May 1938; Sheffield Labour Party, Minute Book, Executive Committee, 18 April 1939, Wakefield, E. P. Microform. 74 'Politics of Re-armament', Durbin Papers, BLPES, 4/ I. 75 'Informal Discussion on the New International Situation and Labour Party Policy in Regard Thereto', 19 October 1938, Dalton Papers, BLPES, 4/T. 7(, See Notes by Hugh Dalton, 2 September 1939, Dalton Papers, BLPES, 312/3. 77 See for example, Bullock, Life and Times of Emest Bevin, p. 636. 78 Naylor, Labour's Intemational Policy, p. 278; Miliband, Parliamentary Socialism, p. 265; Gordon, Conflict alld COllsensus, pp. 8 1-2. 7" See for example E. G. Hicks, House ofCommotlS Debates, 5 Series, Vo!. 34(), columns 1399, 1397. HO R. H. S. Crossman, 'Labour and Compulsory Military Service', Political Quarterly, x, July to September 1939, pp. 31 5-1(). 81 Huddersfield Labour Party, Minute Book, General Committee, 20 September 1939. H2 H. Laski, Is this mI Imperialist War? London, Labour Party, n.d. [February 19401. 83 Swift, Labour ill crisis, p. 138. 84 For the fall of the Chamberlain government see B. Pimlott (ed.), The Political Diary of Hugh Dalton 1918-40,1945-60, London, Cape/London School of Economics and Political Science, 1986, pp. 339-49; P. Addison, 77le Road to 1945, London, Pimlico, 1994. 85 H. Dalton, Hitler's War, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1940, p. 52. 'Cato', Guilty 1\\1ell, London, Gollancz, 1940, is of course the classic indictment of the Conservatives. 86 Durbin, What Have We to Dqfend?; Brooke, Labour's War, p. 274. H7 ~Vhat Have We to Defend?, p. 49. For another Labour interpretation of the national character contrasted with that of Germany, see Herbert Morrison, Mr Smith and 1\\1r Schmidt, London, Collins, n.d. 88 G. Orwell, 'The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius', in S. Orwell and I. Angus (eds), The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of CeOlge Owell. Vol. 2: My Country R(,?ht or Lq[t, 1940-1943, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1970, pp. 74-134. 89 S. Fielding, 'What Did the People Want? The Meaning of the 1945 General Election', Historical Joumal, 35, [992, pp. ()23-9; S. Fielding, P. Thompson and N. Tiratsoo, England Arise! The Labour Party alld Popular Politics ill 194°.1 Britaill, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1995; T. Mason and P. Thompson, '''Reflections on a Revolution": The Political Mood in Wartime Britain', in Nick Tiratsoo (cd.), The Attlcc Years, London, Pinter, 1991, pp. 54-70. 91l Primrose Stewart to Mr Durston, 3 June 1945, Chelmsford Conservative Association papers, Essex Record Office, D/Z 9()/25, 'Opponents' file. 91 Harris, Attlee, pp. 25()-7. n H. Morrison, Peace for Whose Time?, London, n.d. [1938], p. (). 93 'Cato', C/lilty Mell: p. [9. 94 P. 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The participants were from a range of left-wing, union, student and immigrant organisations, reflecting the coalition of groups that came together to oppose the recently established anti-immigrant party that had high hopes of making a breakthrough in the West Yorkshire town. The participants discussed their activities in the 1970s and the efficacy and morality of their strategies to defeat those they branded as Nazis', 'creators_id' => 'p.j.ward@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '32', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'doi:10.1080/13619460500444981', 'volume' => '20', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => 'Ballard, Roger. ‘Up Against the Front’. New Society, 6 May (1976). Copsey, Nigel. Anti-Fascism in Britain. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000. Hiro, Dilip. Black British White British. London: Eyre & Spotiswoode, 1971. Johnson, Alan. ‘Beyond the Smallness of Self: Oral History and British Trotskyism’. Oral History, 24 (1996): 39–48. Layton-Henry, Zig. The Politics of Immigration: Immigration, ‘Race’ and ‘Race Relations’ in Post-War Britain. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992. Morrison, Eddy. ‘Memoirs of a Street Soldier: A Life in White Nationalism’. http://www.aryanunity. com/memoirs3.htm, 16 May 2002. Morrison, Lionel. As They See It: A Race Relations Study of Three Areas from a Black Viewpoint. London: Community Relations Council, 1976. Perks, Robert. “‘You’re Different: You’re One of Us”: The Making of a British Asian’. Oral History, 15 (1987): 67–74. Renton, Dave. ‘Anti-Fascism in the North West: 1976–1982’. North West Labour History Journal, 27 (2002): 17–24. ———.‘The Anti-Nazi League, 1977–82’. Available from http://www.dkrenton.co.uk/anl/1970s. html, 11 November 2004.Scott, Duncan. ‘The National Front in Local Politics: Some Interpretations’. In The Politics of Race, edited by Ivor Crewe. London: Croom Helm, 1975. Taylor, Stan. The National Front in British Politics. Macmillan: Basingstoke, 1982. Thurlow, Richard. Fascism in Modern Britain. Sutton: Stroud, 2000. Wade, Donald. Yorkshire Survey: A Report on Community Relations in Yorkshire. Leeds: Yorkshire Committee on Community Relations, 1972. Weinbren, Dan. ‘Labour’s Roots and Branches’. Oral History, 24 (1996). ———. Generating Socialism: Recollections of Life in the Labour Party. 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2014

Ward, P (2014) ‘Foreword’. In: Sound System Culture: Celebrating Huddersfield's Sound Systems. London, UK: One Love Books. pp. 10-13. ISBN 9780956777348

2013

Ward, P (2013) ‘Did you see James Mason in town today? A case study in transatlantic and local identities in British stardomJournal of Transatlantic Studies , 11 (4), pp. 403-422. ISSN 1754-1018

Ward, P (2013) ‘Last Man Picked. Do Mainstream Historians Need to Play with Sports Historians?International Journal of the History of Sport , 30 (1), pp. 6-13. ISSN 0952-3367

2012

Ward, P (2012) ‘Beefeaters, British History and the Empire in Asia and Australasia since 1826Britain and the World , 5 (2), pp. 240-258. ISSN 2043-8575

Ward, P (2012) When the British built Adelaide, they wanted to build a better Britain Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield

Ward, P (2012) The band playing and crowds sat watching: The world of the Coal Queen- An interview with Margaret Lister. n/a (Unpublished).

2011

McAuley, J., Ward, P., Thomas, P., Mycock, A., Matthews, J., McGlynn, C., Hayton, R. and Webster, W. (2011) ‘Academy for British and Irish Studies, 2011’. In: Academy for British and Irish Studies (relaunch), December 2011, University of Huddersfield

Ward, P (2011) ‘Editorial: North American Journal of Welsh Studies Vol. 6, 1 (Winter 2011)North American Journal of Welsh Studies , 6 (1), p. 1. ISSN 1554-8112

Ward, P (2011) ‘The last bloke picked: does the mainstream need to play?’. In: What is the Future of Sport History in Academia?: a symposium, Wednesday 29th June 2011, University of Huddersfield

Mycock, A. and Ward, P. (2011) ‘Education, identity and empire: history teaching in multi-national post-imperial Britain’. In: Teaching The Nation-State After Empire In Europe: National Historiography And History, 10-12th June 2011, University of Huddersfield, UK

Ward, P (2011) Huw T. Edwards: British Labour and Welsh Socialism . Cardiff: University of Wales press. ISBN 9780708323281

2010

Ward, P. and Wright, M. (2010) ‘Mirrors of Wales - Life Story as National Metaphor: Case Studies of R. J. Derfel (1824-1905) and Huw T. Edwards (1892-1970)History , 95 (317), pp. 45-63. ISSN 0018-2648

2009

Ward, P (2009) ‘The end of Britishness? A historical perspectiveBritish Politics Review , 4 (3), pp. 3-3. ISSN 1890-4505

Ward, P (2009) ‘The End of the British Empire and the Break-Up of Britain: Cause and Effect?History Teaching Review: The Yearbook of the Scottish Association of History Teachers , 23, pp. 48-53.

2007

Ward, P (2007) ‘Union is not Amalgamation Scotland is a Nation: Unionism and Scottishness in the Twentieth CenturyAngles on the English-Speaking World , 7, pp. 49-65. ISSN 0903-1723

Ward, P (2007) ‘'We have come a long way': the Labour Party and ethnicity in West Yorkshire’. In: Sons and daughters of labour: a history and recollection of the Labour Party within the historic boundaries of the West Riding of Yorkshire. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield Press. pp. 157-170. ISBN 186218058X

Ward, P (2007) ‘Devolution and Britishness, 1966-1999Revue française de civilisation britannique , 14 (1). ISSN 0248-9015

2006

Ward, P (2006) ‘[Various entries]’. In: The Home Front Encyclopedia: United States, Britain, and Canada in World Wars I and II. Oxford: ABC-CLIO. . ISBN 978-1-57607-849-5

Ward, P (2006) ‘Empire and Everyday: Britishness and Imperialism in Women's Lives in the Great War’. In: Rediscovering the British World. : University of Calgary Press. pp. 267-283. ISBN 1-55238-179X

Ward, P., Hellawell, G. and Lloyd, S. (2006) ‘WITNESS SEMINAR: Anti-Fascism in 1970s HuddersfieldContemporary British History , 20 (1), p. 119. ISSN 1361-9462

Ward, P (2006) ‘Welsh and Working Class (and British too): The Case of Huw T. EdwardsNorth American Journal of Welsh Studies , 6 (2), pp. 15-26. ISSN 1554-8112

2005

Ward, P (2005) Unionism in the United Kingdom, 1918-1974 . : Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-4039-3827-5

2004

Ward, P (2004) Britishness since 1870 . London, UK: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-22016-3

Ward, P (2004) ‘The Permissive Society and the Break-up of Britain’. In: About Culture. A Coruna: University of A Coruna. pp. 287-300. ISBN 8497491254

2003

Ward, P (2003) ‘Nationalism and national identity in British politics, c. 1880s to 1914’. In: History, Nationhood and the Question of Britain. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. . ISBN 9781403912961

2002

Ward, P (2002) ‘Preparing for the people's war: the left and patriotism in the 1930's Labour History Review , 67 (2), pp. 171-185. ISSN 0961-5652

Ward, P (2002) ‘All that is solid melts into air?: Britishness in the twentieth century’. In: Aspects of Culture. A Coruña, Spain: University of A Coruña. . ISBN 8497490177

2001

Ward, P (2001) ‘Women of Britain say go: women's patriotism in the First World WarTwentieth Century British History , 12 (1), pp. 23-45. ISSN 09552359

1999

Ward, P (1999) ‘Socialists and "true" patriotism in Britain in the late 19th and early 20th centuriesNational identities , 1, pp. 179-194. ISSN 1460-8944

1998

Ward, P (1998) Red Flag and Union Jack: Englishness, Patriotism and the British Left, 1881-1924 . Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd. ISBN 9780861932399

Esteem

Paul is a member of the AHRC Peer Review College. He edits the North American Journal of Welsh Studies. He was Fulbright-Robertson Professor of British History at Westminster College, Missouri, 2004 to 2005 and visiting lecturer at the University of A Coruña in Spain in the spring of 2004. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and the Royal Historical Society. He edits a book series for Peter Lang Publishing called ‘British Identities since 1707’. He has examined research degrees at the University of York, Anglia Ruskin University, the University of Sheffield and the University of Ulster. He is a member of the research network for the AHRC Coordinating Centre Everyday Lives in War: Experience and memory of the First World War, based at the University of Hertfordshire and is on the steering group of the Imperial War Museum North’s academic network.

Paul led the joint application with the University of Hull for the AHRC Block Grant Partnership Capacity Building Route, which led to the successful application of the Heritage Consortium doctoral training centre in the AHRC’s BGP2 scheme.

Paul has made a number of media appearances including, in print, in Big Issue in the North, BBC Wildlife Magazine, Daily Telegraph and English Pravda, on radio, Voice of Russia (London) and BBC Radio Leeds, and on television, for Kirklees Local TV and ITV’s Calendar.

Research Degree Supervision

Paul is happy to supervise research students in any aspect of British political and cultural history since the mid-nineteenth century. The following are suggestions rather than an exclusive list:

  • Britishness and other national and regional identities in England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.
  • The co-production of historical knowledge.
  • Public and oral history.
  • The status of aunties in British culture.
  • Patriotism.

Opportunities for funding are available through The Heritage Consortium http://www2.hull.ac.uk/fass/heritage-consortium.aspx

Paul's current research students are conducting projects on the Festival of Britain (Cate Benincasa-Sharman), brass bands in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (Stephen Etheridge, jointly with Dr Lisa Colton), the location of oral history within the environment as augmented reality (Simon Bradley, AHRC-funded), a history of gender and performance in late 20th century Manchester (Jo Dyrlaga, AHRC-funded), Public History, Oral History and Regeneration: A Co-production Approach (Elizabeth Pente), A biography of Andrea Dunbar (Adelle Stripe, a Creative Writing student, jointly with Michael Stewart), Histories of People of African Descent (Milton Brown). Paul supervises a number of research Masters students including Phil Legard (MEnt on Delivering Geolocative Oral History and Sonic Art with Games Technology), Jackie Harrison on the oral history of Huntington’s Disease, and Sue Fletcher on ‘Market Forces’: oral history, visual arts and co-production.

Paul's successful supervisions include an MPhil on Conservatism in the 1920s, and PhDs in the history of the police, the oral history of football fandom and communities, and Mechanics Institutes in Yorkshire in the 19th century, Yorkshire identities in the nineteenth century (William Marshall, AHRC-funded) and memories of the Second World War in the islands of the United Kingdom (Daniel Travers).

Paul’s reseach students organised the Unofficial Histories conference 2014, for which see http://unofficialhistories.wordpress.com/ and intend to run an ‘Unconference’ on history and co-production in 2014-15.

Enterprise Activities

Professor Ward believes that the university’s knowledge and skills should be shared with the public and he is happy to provide professional advice related to his research and teaching interests, especially to community organisations. He has worked with colleagues, students and museum professionals to deliver a permanent exhibition on local mill heritage at Brooke’s Mill, Armitage Bridge, as well as a temporary exhibition on royal visits to Yorkshire at the Colne Valley Museum. In 2012, he compiled a report on Britishness for the office the Agent General of the Government of South Australia to encourage migration to Adelaide. Paul provides oral history training for community groups and students and with the Centre for Visual and Oral History Research is keen to provide advice and support for community history projects, including project design and management, interviewing, audio editing and exhibitions.

Administrative Responsibilities

Paul is Head of the Department of History, English, Languages and Media. Paul is a member of the Academy for British and Irish Studies and the Centre for Visual and Oral History Research.

Teaching and Professional Activities

Paul leads two training courses through Staff Development for PhD students: ‘The Literature Review’ and ‘Research Project Planning’.

He is module leader for Twentieth-Century Britain and Digital Victorians at undergraduate level.

He has taught at universities in Spain and the USA, as well as giving guest lectures/seminars at around 10 overseas institutions, including the Xavier University of Louisiana, University of South Alabama and the University of Copenhagen.

He received a TQEF Extra Mile Award for teaching in 2006 and was nominated in 2008, 2009 and 2011.

He won the School of Music, Humanities and Media award for most innovative module assessment, 2010.

Last updated Thursday 6 March 2014
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