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Portrait of Dr Trevor Butt Dr Trevor Butt

t.butt@hud.ac.uk | 01484 47



Biography

Trevor worked as a clinical psychologist in the NHS before joining the University.

He is co-editor of the electronic journal: Personal Construct Theory and Practice

Guest editors for: Journal of Construct Psychology: Construction of Sexualities, 2005;

Membership of editorial board: Journal of Constructivist Psychology (2000–present); 

International advisory panel for the International Handbook of Personal Construct Psychology (Chichester: Wiley, 2003)

 International advisory panel for The Internet Encyclopaedia on Personal Construct Psychology (2004- present) 

Chair (2001) & Membership Secretary (2003-2006): Psychotherapy Section of British Psychological Society

Research & Scholarship

University research group memberships

Trevor is currently a member of the Institute for Research in Citizenship and Applied Human Sciences the Centre for Applied Psychological Research and the Centre for Research in the Social Sciences.

Research interests

  • Personal construct theory and methods.
  • The practice of psychological therapies.
  • The construction of sexual identities.

Publications and Other Research Outputs

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'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '22', 'datestamp_day' => '23', 'abstract' => 'In the late 1970s there was a report in the British tabloid press that a manufacturer of school canes or straps (memory is uncertain after 25 years) was apparently indignant that his products were being sold in London sex shops, where they were favoured by “perverts”. The tone of the article comprised that mixture of moral outrage and titillation with which those familiar with the media will be well acquainted. With the cover of indignation, readers are allowed vicarious excitement and sexual thrill (Conrad, 1999). In the very different social climate of the early 21 century, it is hard to imagine this story being either told or received in quite the same way. Even in the UK (the last western European country to outlaw school corporal punishment), beating has been banned in all schools, and the recognition that spanking is for many people a sexual practice is widespread and would no longer count as news. Yet there remains at least a sense in which the story still works, if only in a diluted form. We have not gone all the way in seeing any sexual activity between consenting adults as acceptable, and smacking children is generally seen as an unequivocally non-sexual act and as regrettably necessary or even a good thing (McGillivray, 1997). Debates on corporal punishment still generate an extraordinary amount of heat on the part of those insisting on its legitimacy. It is even claimed that it is a religious duty – witness the christian parents in the recent BBC documentary “A Good Smack?” (2002) who state that “the Bible : : : does sanction smacking within a loving family environment”. The Labour Government has refused to extend to children that freedom from assault that all adults have, and have even famously defended the value of “loving smacks” (Gittens, 1998).', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1163/092755603322397269', 'volume' => '11', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => 'abcNews.com (5 April 2002) Robinson, B. “A Harmful Message? New Book on Child Sex Sparks Uproar”, http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/DailyNews/childsex-book02 (accessed 6 February 2003). Ainsworth, M.D.S., “The Development of Infant-Mother Attachment”, in B.M. Caldwell and H.N. Ricciuti (eds.), Review of Child Development Research (vol. 3) (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1973). BBC television, “A Good Smack?”, Ž rst broadcast 2 July 2002. Bee, H. The Developing Child, 9th edition (Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 2000). Benthall, J., “InvisibleWounds: Corporal Punishment in Schools as a Form of Ritual”, Child Abuse and Neglect 1991 (15(4)), 377–388. Berger, K.S., The Developing Person through the Life-Span 5th edition (New York: Worth, 2001). Berger, P. and Luckmann, T., The Social Construction of Reality (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967). Bowlby, J., A Secure Base: Parent-Child Attachment and Healthy Human Development (New York: Basic Books, 1988). Brame, G., Brame, W. and Jacobs, J., Different Loving: The World of Sexual Dominance and Submission (London: Century, 1997). Butt, T.W. and Hearn, J., “The Sexualization of Corporal Punishment: The Construction of Sexual Meaning”, Sexualities 1998 (1(2)), 203–227. Butt, T.W., Understanding People (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2003). Chancer, L.S., Sadomasochism in Everyday Life (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992). Chiari, G. and Nuzzo, M.L., “Psychological Constructivisms: A Metatheoretical Differentiation”, Journal of Constructivist Psychology 1996 (9), 163–184. Cole, M. and Cole, S.R., The Development of Children, 3rd edition (New York:W.H. Freeman, 1996). Conrad, J., “Lost Innocence and SacriŽ cal Delegate: The JonBenet Ramsay Murder”, Childhood 1999 (6(3)), 313–351. Davies, C., “The Continued Prosection of Consensual Sexual Behaviour: The Case of Sado Mascohism in England and Wales”, International Sociological Assocation, Abstract of Conference Paper (1998). 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Gergen, K., “The Social Constructionist Movement in Modern Psychology”, American Psychologist 1985 (40), 266–275. Gibson, I., The English Vice: Beating, Sex and Shame in Victorian England and After (London: Duckworth, 1978). Giddens, A., The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1992). Gittins, D., The Child In Question (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998). Giroux, H.A., Stealing Innocence: Corporate Culture’s War on Children (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000). Green, L., Caged By Force, Entrapped by Discourse: A Study of the Construction and Control of Children and Their Sexualities in Residential Children’s Homes, unpublished PhD thesis, University of HuddersŽ eld (1998). Green, L. and Masson, H., “AdolescentsWho SexuallyAbuse and ResidentialAccomodation: Issues of Risk and Vulnerability”, British Journal of SocialWork 2002 (32), 149–168. 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Hudak, S., “Dad Could Get Jail for ‘Whupping’ – Pleads Guilty in Bare Bottom Spanking Case”, The Plain Dealer (Cleveland), (19 August 1997) http://www.nospank.net/101.htm (accessed 27 February 2003). James, A., Jenks, C. and Prout, A., Theorizing Childhood (Cambridge: Polity, 1998). Jenks, C., Childhood (New York: Routledge, 1996). Jackson, S., Childhood and Sexuality (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1982). Jackson, S. and Scott, S., “Childhood”, in G. Payne (ed.), Social Divisions (Basingstoke: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2000). Johnson, T., “The Sexual Dangers of Spanking Children” (1994, revised 2002), http:// nospank.net/s-dngr.htm (accessed 27 February 2003). Kitzinger, J., “Who Are You Kidding? Children, Power and the Struggle against Sexual Abuse”, in A. James and A. Prout (eds.), Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the SociologicalStudy of Childhood, 2nd edition (London: Falmer Press, 1997). 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However, it has its roots in pragmatism, a movement which had a thorough appreciation of both the individual and the social world. The contention in this article is that PCT has potential as a theory of social action, making a significant contribution to the agency/structure debate. With reference to the work both of Kelly and of contemporary constructivists, it is argued that PCT can be drawn on to complement the pragmatic social psychology of Mead (1934). PCT's conceptualization of choice allows us to theorize personal agency and its relationship to the context of social construction within which it is embedded', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1177/0959354301111007', 'volume' => '11', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => 'Ashworth, P. (1979). Social interaction and consciousness. Chichester: Wiley. Bannister, D. (1985). Self in personal construct theory. In J. Adams-Weber & J. Mancuso (Eds.), Applications of personal construct theory (pp. 39-45). London: Academic Press. Berger, P., & Luckmann, T. (1966). The social construction of reality. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bakhtin, M. (1981). The dialogical imagination. Austin: University of Texas Press. 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'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '5', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20121000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '15', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '13', 'edit_lock_user' => '6', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'hhs', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'BF', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '47', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '4', 'datestamp_day' => '4', 'abstract' => 'Personal construct psychology (PCP) has always been better known for its methods than its theory, but many researchers are not aware of the range of qualitative methods offered by a PCP approach. We argue that PCP methods have been overlooked as tools for the qualitative researcher and that they satisfy some key requirements of much qualitative research, such as the capacity to provide in-depth insight into personal experience, to establish a ‘democratic’ relationship between researcher and participants and to represent the participant’s ‘voice’. We illustrate several of these methods, drawing on research examples. We show how they enable participants to articulate their experience, and how they may be used as part of an in-depth interview. We conclude that Personal Construct methods provide opportunities for qualitative researchers to create innovative ways of researching personal experience.', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '116', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '47', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'doi:10.1080/13645579.2012.730702', 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2012', 'status_changed_hour' => '16', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '11489' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1344871941', 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'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2011', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/11489/1/DESCRIPTIVE_PHENOM_2011.pdf', 'status_changed_second' => '41', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => '‘It started when I barked once when I was licking his boots!’: a descriptive phenomenological study of the everyday experience of BDSM', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/01/14/89', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'restricted', 'lastmod_minute' => '34', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19419899.2010.528018', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '9', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '13', 'publisher' => 'Routledge', 'pagerange' => '123-136', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2011', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'Psychology and Sexuality', 'lastmod_second' => '22', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '1941-9899', 'datestamp_hour' => '8', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '41', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 2, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '11489', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2012', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20110200', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '15', 'number' => '2', 'rev_number' => '9', 'edit_lock_user' => '116', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'hhs', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'BF', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '59', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '16', 'datestamp_day' => '16', 'abstract' => 'Traditionally, psychologists have researched bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadism and masochism (BDSM) and its participants from an external perspective, seeing it as pathology. However, there is now a growing body of research aiming to challenge this perspective. This article examines some of the ways BDSM has been reconceptualised by researchers who reject the pathological focus, distinguishing between transgressive and coercive sexualities. We focus on the lived experience of BDSM participation to further illuminate these sexual practices. A descriptive phenomenological analysis of four interview transcripts was employed, with the purpose of producing a general structural experience of BDSM participation, which aims to further understanding of this complex phenomenon. The essential structures of the BDSM experience are discussed in terms of authentic fantasy, rejection of social norms and non-sexual positive outcomes.', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '116', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '59', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'doi:10.1080/19419899.2010.528018', 'volume' => '2', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2011', 'status_changed_hour' => '8', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '2942' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '2942', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '12', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '36', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Sedimentation and elaborative choice', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/29/42', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '58', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10720539808405225', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '12', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '12', 'publisher' => 'Routledge', 'pagerange' => '265-281', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'Journal of Constructivist Psychology', 'lastmod_second' => '36', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '1072-0537', 'datestamp_hour' => '11', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '36', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 10, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '2942', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2008', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '12', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '19981000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => '4', 'rev_number' => '9', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'hhs', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'H1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '58', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '12', 'datestamp_day' => '12', 'abstract' => 'Choice is an essential feature in personal construct psychology, and arguably the main task of the personal construct is to clarify why the person chooses one course of action rather than another. Yet the choice corollary appears to be in danger of being tautological, saying that whatever the person did constituted the elaborative choice. G. A. Kelly proposed the choice corollary as a useful heuristic device to counter external observers' beliefs that they can know what is best for the person. However, there is a danger in overcorrecting, in assuming that every action of the person constitutes an elaborative choice. This is most likely to occur in the neurotic paradox, where clients experience self-definition as problematic for them. I argue that we should emphasize construing as inseparable from action. This leads us to a phenomenological rather than a cognitive reading of construct theory. M. Merleau-Ponty's (1962) concept of sedimentation is then helpful in understanding the type of self-definition that is characterized in the neurotic paradox. The implications of this position for psychological reconstruction are briefly discussed', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '58', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'doi:10.1080/10720539808405225', 'volume' => '11', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '1998', 'status_changed_hour' => '11', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '2943' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1292847197', 'creatorlist' => { '1' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Hearn', 'eprintid' => '2943', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'creators_name_given' => 'Jeff', 'creators_id' => 'j.r.hearn@hud.ac.uk' }, '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '2943', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '12', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '34', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'The Sexualization of Corporal Punishment: The Construction of Sexual Meaning', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/29/43', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '13', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/136346098001002004', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '12', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '20', 'publisher' => 'Sage', 'pagerange' => '203-227', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'Sexualities', 'lastmod_second' => '31', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '1363-4607', 'datestamp_hour' => '12', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '34', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => undef, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '2943', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2010', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '12', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '19980000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '12', 'number' => '2', 'rev_number' => '165', 'edit_lock_user' => '3494', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'criss', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'HQ', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '7', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '12', 'datestamp_day' => '12', 'abstract' => 'Corporal punishment has been increasingly understood in western industrial societies as having a sexual meaning. This article examines alternative interpretive frameworks or discourses of corporal punishment. Three main such discourses are described: the judicial, the comic, and the sexual. The prime focus of the article is the examination of how the sexual discourse has become elaborated, and has intersected with and subverted other discourses. The competing claims for both essentialist and constructionist explanations of this process of sexualization of corporal punishment are critically reviewed. A more adequate account is then outlined comprising the following elements: embodied subjectivity; gendered power relations; the focus on the bottom; practices, representation and pornography; and historical contexts, specifically modernist/postmodernist narratives', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '7', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'doi:10.1177/136346098001002004', 'volume' => '1', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '1998', 'status_changed_hour' => '12', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '2947' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '2947', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '12', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '45', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'The social context of therapy', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/29/47', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '45', 'refereed' => undef, 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => undef, 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '12', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '12', 'publisher' => 'EPCA Publications', 'pagerange' => undef, 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => 'Challenging the boundaries: PCP perspectives for the new millenium', 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'book_section', 'publication' => undef, 'lastmod_second' => '45', 'place_of_pub' => 'Farnborough, UK', 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => undef, 'datestamp_hour' => '15', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '45', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => undef, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '2947', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2008', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => '9780953019847', 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '12', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20000000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => '284', 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => 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undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2000', 'status_changed_hour' => '15', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '2872' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1293098135', 'creatorlist' => { '1' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Burr', 'eprintid' => '2872', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'creators_name_given' => 'Vivien', 'creators_id' => 'v.burr@hud.ac.uk' }, '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '2872', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' }, '2' => { 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undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '2941', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '12', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '35', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Sociality, role, and embodiment', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 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'rev_number' => '9', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'hhs', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'H1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '50', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '12', 'datestamp_day' => '12', 'abstract' => 'The author critically reviews Kelly's concepts of 'role' and sociality, which are seen as central to the project of personal construct psychology. 'Construing the constructions' of the other conjures us a picture of putting ourselves in the position of the other through an act of imagination, that is subsequently followed by action. It is argued here that this is not always (or even often) an appropriate description of what happens when we understand another person. Drawing on Merleau-Ponty's (1962) existential phenomenology, the author elaborates an alternative version of construing other's constructions. In this model, playing a role with another involves all the person's processes, without giving undue emphasis to the cognitive functions of deliberation and imagination. The clinical implications of this formulation are examined', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '50', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'doi:10.1080/10720539808404643', 'volume' => '11', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '1998', 'status_changed_hour' => '11', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '1189' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '1' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '1189', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' }, '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Langdridge', 'eprintid' => '1189', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Darren', 'creators_id' => undef } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '7', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '28', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'The fundamental attribution error: A phenomenological critique', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/11/89', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'none', 'lastmod_minute' => '53', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/0144666042037962', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '7', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '11', 'publisher' => 'British Psychological Society', 'pagerange' => '357-369', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'British Journal of Social Psychology', 'lastmod_second' => '5', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '0144-6665', 'datestamp_hour' => '15', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '28', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => undef, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '1189', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2008', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '12', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20040000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '16', 'number' => '3', 'rev_number' => '9', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'hhs', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'BF', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '23', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '22', 'datestamp_day' => '22', 'abstract' => 'The fundamental attribution error (Heider, 1958; Ross, 1977) has been extensively researched and explanations sought within a social cognitive framework. This work is reviewed, and it is noted that there is no unifying theory to account for the extensive catalogue of experimental work. Social cognitive explanations have proposed distinctions between perceptual, inferential and motivational functions within the person to account for the phenomenon. A phenomenological critique of this approach is then advanced. Drawing on the thought of Merleau-Ponty (1962) it is argued that our understanding of the phenomenon is enhanced by focusing not 'inside' people, but on interactions between them. In many ways, this brings us back to the project of Gestalt psychology, Heider's original framework for studying attribution. 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=> undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '12', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '19950700', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '12', 'number' => '3', 'rev_number' => '9', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'hhs', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'H1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '47', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '12', 'datestamp_day' => '12', 'abstract' => 'The concept of ordination, that is, the hierarchical organization of constructions ranging from more peripheral to more central dimensions of meaning, is examined. The process of laddering is focused on as a technique for accessing superordinate constructs. It is argued that laddering frequently does not produce constructs that qualify as superordinate and that this problem reflects a misconception of construct systems as cognitive entities that control behavior. An alternative understanding of personal construct theory as a theory of social action is advocated as better suited to its central task-helping people to reconstrue their lives. The implications for investigating construing in the light of this interpretation are examined', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '47', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'doi:10.1080/10720539508410805', 'volume' => '8', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '1995', 'status_changed_hour' => '12', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '2987' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '1' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Bannister', 'eprintid' => '2987', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'creators_name_given' => 'D.', 'creators_id' => undef }, '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '2987', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '12', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2008', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '37', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Better the devil you know', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 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undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '1987', 'status_changed_hour' => '11', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '1465' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '1' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '1465', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' }, '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Langdridge', 'eprintid' => '1465', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Darren', 'creators_id' => undef } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' 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This, combined with arguments that we are seeing the advent of the ‘sexual citizen’, who refuses to be marginalized on account of his or her sexuality, produces new sexual subjectivities that demand recognition and respect. In this article, we report on an investigation of a sexual story that is not new in itself but one that is yet to be fully explicated. This story is one involving dominance and submission. A hermeneutic phenomenological analysis (Ricoeur, 1981) of World Wide Web sites concerned with sadomasochism was conducted to examine the discursive resources drawn on in this paradoxical world. 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'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Butt', 'eprintid' => '18824', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '10', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => undef, 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2013', 'fileinfo' => '', 'status_changed_second' => '51', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Different readings of personal construct theory', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 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The qualitative research reported in this paper was carried out in the UK and in Italy and adopted a Personal Construct Psychology approach. It aimed to explore intercultural perceptions in a sample of people who had some degree of experience with the ‘other’ culture, and a unique feature of the research is that it asked how those perceptions might be affected if people from both cultures are given access to each other’s perceptions. There was considerable commonality in the perceptions of the English and Italian participants, and each culture envied some of the qualities of the other. However, they initially struggled to accommodate how they were seen by the other and endeavoured to resolve difference by construing at a more superordinate level. 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'datestamp_day' => '22', 'abstract' => 'Plummer (1995) has identified a number of new sexual stories that characterize erotic life in late modern societies. He notes a number of such scripts emerging and flourishing between 1970 and 1990, speculating that sadomasochistic stories might be in the ascendant at the turn of century. However, Langdridge and Butt (2004) find little evidence of the emergence of a coherent sadomasochistic identity. They contend that the transgressive nature of the sexual in sadomasochism makes it difficult for participants in such practices to achieve legitimate “sexual citizenship” (Weeks, 1998). In this article, we note the emergence of an alternative construction of sadomasochistic practices; one that emphasises the erotic exchange of power. This illustrates both personal and social moments in the construction of erotic life. 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However, Bailey (2000) has argued for a renewed sociological research programme to focus on the sociological private. He outlines three dimensions of this: intimate relationships, the self and the unconscious. This article seeks to address two of these dimensions, the production of self-theories and unconscious dis-avowal. We extend this theorizing to account for the experience of sexual engagement, and present a discourse analysis of the diaries of the comedian and actor Kenneth Williams (1928-1988). Drawing principally on the thought of Merleau-Ponty (1962) we argue that our analysis demonstrates the importance of a pre-reflective engagement with the social world that is then reflected on in internal dialogue. We show how discourse analysis may be used to demonstrate the dis-cursive production of a self-theory and the role of such a self-theory in the dis-avowal of the principal's pre-reflective engagement with others. ', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1177/00380385030373005', 'volume' => '37', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => 'Archer, M. (2000) Being Human. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press . Bailey, J. (2000) `Some Meanings of `the Private' in Sociological Thought' , Sociology 34: 381-401 .[Abstract/Free Full Text] Berger, P., B. Berger and H. Kellner (1973) The Homeless Mind. New York: Random House . Berger, P. and T. Luckmann (1966) The Social Construction of Reality. Harmondsworth: Penguin . Billig, M. (1987) Arguing and Thinking: A Rhetorical Approach to Social Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press . Blumer, H. (1969) Symbolic Interactionism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall . Brittan, A. (1977) The Privatised World. London: Routledge . Burkitt, I. (1999) Bodies of Thought: Embodiment, Identity and Modernity. London: Sage . Burr, V. (1995) Introduction to Social Constructionism. London: Routledge . Butt, T.W. (1998) `Sociality Role and Embodiment' , Journal of Constructivist Psychology 11(2): 105-116 . Butt, T.W., V. Burr and F. Epting (1997) `Core Construing: Discovery or Invention?', in R.A. Neimeyer and G. Neimeyer (eds) Advances in Personal Construct Theory: Vol. 4. New York: Springer . Craib, I. (1992) Anthony Giddens. London: Routledge . Craib, I. (1998) Experiencing Identity. London: Sage Crossley, N. (1996) Intersubjectivity: the Fabric of Social Becoming. London: Sage . Crossley, N. (2001) The Social Body: Habit, Identity and Desire. London: Sage . Davies, R. (ed.) (1994) The diaries of Kenneth Williams. London: HarperCollins . Denzin, N.K. (1978) The Research Act: A Theoretical Introduction to Sociological Methods, 2nd edn. New York: McGraw-Hill . Fingarette, H. (1969) Self Deception. London: Routledge . Foucault, M. (1981) The History of Sexuality: Vol. 1. Harmondsworth: Penguin . Giddens, A. (1991) Modernity and Self Identity. Cambridge: Polity . Giddens, A. (1992) The Transformation of Intimacy. Cambridge: Polity . Harré, R. (1989) `Language Games and Texts of Identity', in J. Shotter and K. Gergen (eds) Texts of Identity. London: Sage . Harré, R. and G. Gillett (1994) The Discursive Mind. London: Sage . Hutcheon, L. (1994) Irony's Edge: The Theory and Politics of Irony. London: Routledge . Jamieson, L. (1998) Intimacy: Personal Relationships in Modern Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press . Kelly, G.A. (1955) The Psychology of Personal Constructs. New York: Norton . Mair, J.M.M. (1977) `The Community of Self', in D. Bannister (ed.) New Perspectives in Personal Construct Theory. London: Academic Press . Mead, G. (1934) Mind, Self and Society. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press . Merleau-Ponty, M. (1962) Phenomenology of Perception. London: Routledge . Merleau-Ponty, M. (1963) The Structure of Behaviour. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press . Plummer, K. (1995) Telling Sexual Stories. London: Routledge . Potter, J. and M. Wetherell (1987) Discourse and Social Psychology. London: Sage . Potter, J. and M. Wetherell (1995) `Discourse Analysis', in J. Smith, R. Harré and L. Van Langenhove (eds) Rethinking Methods in Psychology. London: Routledge . Ribbens McCarthy, J. and R. Edwards (2001) `Illuminating Meanings of `the Private' in Sociological Thought: A response to Joe Bailey' , Sociology 35: 765-777 .[Abstract/Free Full Text] Rosenthal, S. and P. Bourgeois (1991) Mead and Merleau-Ponty: Toward a Common Vision. Albany: State University Press of New York . Ryle, G. (1949) The Concept of Mind. Harmondsworth: Penguin . Sartre, J.P. (1958) Being and Nothingness. London: Methuen . Sennett, R. (1977) The Fall of Public Man. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press . Shotter, J. (1993) Conversational Realities: Constructing Life Through Language. London: Sage . Spinelli, E. (1994) Demystifying Therapy. London: Constable . Weeks, J. (1986) Sexuality. London: Tavistock . Weeks, J. (1998) `The Sexual Citizen' , Theory, Culture and Society 15(3-4): 35-52 .[Abstract] Wild, J. (1963) Foreword to the English edition of Merleau-Ponty's Structure of Behaviour. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press . 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In this way, we are introduced to both the principles and the fascinating methods of the psychology of personal constructs. This second edition incorporates the recent work on trauma and grieving that has been produced by psychotherapists in this field. It also includes a guide to up to date developments in constructivist theory and method. Without losing sight of the important issues that we all encounter in our lives, the authors provide a compelling invitation to this approach to personality. Written in plain English, with numerous examples, they show how we both make and find meaning in the world that confronts us. 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Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Association of Social Workers.', 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => undef, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '340', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2010', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '12', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20050000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '12', 'number' => '6', 'rev_number' => '13', 'edit_lock_user' => '116', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Trevor', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'criss', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'H1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '32', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '22', 'datestamp_day' => '6', 'abstract' => 'The complex and changing relationship between theory and practice in social work has received increasing attention in recent years. Parton (2000) has advocated a constructionist approach that underlines the similarity between the roles of the researcher and the practitioner. Personal construct theory (Kelly, 1955) is one member of the constructionist family that has particular implications for social work practice. It evolved as a pragmatic approach to psychotherapy, advocating a research supervisor/student model of the practitioner/client relationship. In this article, we elaborate its application to social work practice, drawing on contemporary work in the fields of trauma and loss to illustrate its value. ', 'creators_id' => 't.butt@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1093/bjsw/bch210', 'volume' => '35', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => 'American Psychiatric Association (1980) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, 3rd edn (DSM-III), Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association. Anderson, H. and Goolishian, H. (1992) ‘The client is the expert: A not-knowing approach to therapy’, in McNamee, S. and Gergen, K. (eds), Therapy as Social Construction, London, Sage, pp. 25–38. Bannister, D. (1966) ‘A new theory of personality’, in Foss, B. (ed.), New Horizons in Psychology, Harmondsworth, Penguin. Bannister, D. (1983) ‘The internal politics of psychotherapy’, in Pilgrim, D. (ed.), Psychology and Psychotherapy, London, Routledge, pp. 139–150. Bell, R. (2003) ‘Repetory grid technique’, in Fransella, F. (ed.), International Handbook of Personal Construct Psychology, Chichester, Wiley, pp. 95–103. Berger, P. and Luckmann, T. (1967) The Social Construction of Reality, Harmondsworth, Penguin. Burr, V. and Butt, T. W. (1992) Invitation to Personal Construct Psychology, London, Whurr. Butt, T. W. (1997) ‘The existentialism of George Kelly’,Journal for the Society for Existential Analysis, 8(1), pp. 20–32. Butt, T. W. (1998) ‘Sociality, role, and embodiment’, Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 11(2), pp. 105–116. Butt, T. W. (2001) ‘Social action and personal constructs’, Theory and Psychology, 11(1), pp. 75–95. Butt, T. W. (2003) ‘The phenomenological context of PCP’, in Fransella, F. (ed.), International Handbook of Personal Construct Psychology, Chichester, Wiley, pp. 379–386. Butt, T. W. (2004) Understanding People, Basingstoke, Palgrave. Cooper, B. (2001) ‘Constructivism in social work: Towards a participative practice viability’, British Journal of Social Work, 31(5), pp. 712–738. Dewey, J. (1931/1982) ‘The development of American pragmatism’, in Thayer, H. S. (ed.), Pragmatism: The Classic Writings, Indianapolis, Hackett. Farr, R. (1996) The Roots of Modern Social Psychology, Oxford, Blackwell. Fisher, D. (1991) An Introduction to Constructivism for Social Workers, New York, Praeger. Fransella, F. (2003) ‘Some skills and tools for personal construct practitioners’, in Fransella, F. (ed.), International Handbook of Personal Construct Psychology, Chichester, Wiley, pp. 105–122. Fransella, F., Bell, R. and Bannister, D. (2003) A Manual for Repertory Grid Technique, 2nd edn, Chichester, Wiley. Gergen, K. J. (2001) Social Constructionism in Context, London, Sage. Hall, C. (1997) Social Work as Narrative: Storytelling and Persuasion in Professional Texts, Aldershot, Ashgate. Hall, C., Juhila, K., Parton, N. and Pösö, T. (eds) (2003) Constructing Clienthood in Social Work and Human Services: Interaction, Identities and Practices, London, Jessica Kingsley. Hammond, M., Howarth, J. and Keat, R. (1991) Understanding Phenomenology, Oxford, Blackwell. Kelly, G. A. (1934/1979) ‘Social inheritance’, in Stringer, P. and Bannister, D. (eds), Constructs of Sociality and Individuality, London, Academic Press. Kelly, G. A. (1955) The Psychology of Personal Constructs, New York, Norton. Kelly, G. A. (1969a) ‘Man’s construction of his alternatives’, in Maher, B. (ed.), Clinical Psychology and Personality: The Selected Papers of George Kelly, London, Wiley. Kelly, G. A. (1969b) ‘Psychotherapy and the nature of man’, in Maher, B. (ed.), Clinical Psychology and Personality: The Selected Papers of George Kelly, London, Wiley. Mead, G. (1934) Mind, Self, and Society, Chicago, University of Chicago Press. Menand, L. (2002) The Metaphysical Club, London, Harper Collins. Merleau-Ponty, M. (1962) Phenomenology of Perception, London, Routledge. Neimeyer, R. A. (2000) Lessons of Loss: A Guide to Coping, Memphis, Center for the Study of Loss and Transition. Neimeyer, R. A. and Baldwin, S. A. (2003) ‘Personal construct psychotherapy and the constructivist horizon’, in Fransella, F. (ed.), International Handbook of Personal Construct Psychology, Chichester, Wiley, pp. 247–256. Neimeyer, R. A. (1993) ‘Constructivist approaches to the measurement of meaning’, in Neimeyer, G. (ed.), Constructivist Assessment, London, Sage, pp. 58–103. Parton, N. (2000) ‘Some thoughts on the relationship between theory and practice in and for social work’, British Journal of Social Work, 30(4), pp. 449–464.[Abstract/Free Full Text] Parton, N. (2003) ‘Rethinking professional practice: The contributions of social constructionism and the feminist "ethics of care"’, British Journal of Social Work, 33(1), pp. 1–16.[Abstract/Free Full Text] Parton, N. and O’Byrne, P. (2000) Constructive Social Work: Towards a New Practice, London, Macmillan/New York, St Martin’s Press. Plummer, K. (1995) Telling Sexual Stories: Power, Change and Social Worlds, London, Routledge. Rodwell, M. K. (1998) Social Work Constructivist Research, New York and London, Garland Publishing. Rorty, R. (1982) Consequences of Pragmatism, New York and London, Harvester Wheatsheaf. Ryle, G. (1949) The Concept of Mind, London, Hutchinson. Sewell, K. W. (1997) ‘Posttraumatic stress: Towards a constructivist model of psychotherapy’, in Neimeyer, G. and Neimeyer, R. (eds), Advances in Personal Construct Psychology: Volume 4, Greenwich, CT, JAI Press. Sewell, K. W. (2003) ‘An approach to post-traumatic stress’, in Fransella, F. (ed.), International Handbook of Personal Construct Psychology, Chichester, Wiley, pp. 223–231. Sewell, K. W., Cromwell, R. L., Farrell-Higgins, J., Ohlde, C. and Patterson, T. W. (1996) ‘Hierarchical elaboration in the conceptual structure of Vietnam combat veterans’, Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 9, pp. 79–96. Stojnov, D. and Butt, T. W. (2002) ‘The relational basis of personal construct psychology’, in Neimeyer, G. J. and Neimeyer, R. A. (eds), Advances in Personal Construct Psychology, Vol. 5, New York: Praeger. Taylor, C. and White, S. (2000) Practising Reflexivity in Health and Welfare: Making Knowledge, Buckingham, Open University Press. Thayer, H. S. (1982) Pragmatism: The Classic Writings, Indianapolis, Hackett. White, S. and Stancombe, J. (2003) Clinical Judgement in the Health and Welfare Professions: Extending the Evidence Base, Maidenhead, Open University Press. Winter, D. (2003) ‘Psychological disorder as imbalance’, in Fransella, F. 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2014

Burr, V., Giliberto, M. and Butt, T. (2014) ‘Construing the cultural other and the self: A Personal Construct analysis of English and Italian perceptions of national character International Journal of Intercultural Relations , 39, pp. 53-65. ISSN 0147-1767

Butt, T (2014) ‘Personal construct psychology’. In: Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology. : Springer. . ISBN 9781461455820

2013

Butt, T (2013) ‘The psychology of personal constructs: Humanism without a self [La Psicologia dei Costrutti Personali: umanesimo senza un Sè]Rivista Italiana di Costruttivismo (Italian Journal of Constructivism) , 1 (1), pp. 20-31.

Butt, T (2013) ‘Toward a Pragmatic PsychologyJournal of Constructivist Psychology , 26 (3), pp. 218-224. ISSN 1072-0537

2012

Burr, V., King, N. and Butt, T. (2012) ‘Personal construct psychology methods for qualitative researchInternational Journal of Social Research Methodology . ISSN 1364-5579

Butt, T (2012) ‘George Kelly and the Garden of EdenThe psychologist , 25 (3). ISSN 0952-8229

2011

Butt, T (2011) ‘A New Vision for Psychology: A Book Review of Being Human: Human Being. A Manifesto for a New Psychology By Rue L. CromwellJournal of Constructivist Psychology , 24 (4), pp. 355-360. ISSN 1072-0537

Burr, V., Giliberto, M. and Butt, T. (2011) ‘Walking like an Italian, speaking like an English person: Construing the cultural other and the self’. In: 19th International Congress on Personal Construct Psychology PCP2011, July 19-22, 2011, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Turley, E., King, N. and Butt, T. (2011) ‘‘It started when I barked once when I was licking his boots!’: a descriptive phenomenological study of the everyday experience of BDSMPsychology and Sexuality , 2 (2), pp. 123-136. ISSN 1941-9899

2010

Butt, T (2010) ‘The status of the individual in pragmatism and constructivism’. In: Studies in Meaning 4: Constructivist perspectives on theory, practice, and social justice. : Pace University Press. . ISBN 0-944473-98-9

2009

Butt, T. and Burr, V. (2009) ‘Making the most of methods: the future for PCP?’. In: The XVIIIth International Congress on Personal Construct Psychology, July 20-24 2009, Venice, Italy

Butt, T (2009) ‘Different readings of personal construct theory’. In: Reflections in Personal Construct Theory. : Wiley. . ISBN 9780470986547

2008

King, N., Finlay, L., Ashworth, P., Smith, J., Langdridge, D. and Butt, T. (2008) ‘“Can't Really Trust That, So What Can I Trust?”: A Polyvocal, Qualitative Analysis of the Psychology of Mistrust Qualitative Research in Psychology , 5 (2), pp. 80-102. ISSN 1478-0887

Butt, T (2008) George Kelly: the psychology of personal constructs . London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230008410

Butt, T (2008) ‘Kelly's legacy in personality theory: Reasons to be cheerfulPersonal construct theory and practice , 5, pp. 51-59. ISSN 1613-5091

2005

Butt, T (2005) ‘Personal construct theory, phenomenology and pragmatismHistory and Philosophy of Psychology , 7 (1), pp. 23-35. ISSN 1572-1914

Butt, T (2005) ‘Editorial Foreword: The Construction of SexualitiesJournal of Constructivist Psychology , 18 (1), pp. 1-2. ISSN 1072-0537

Langdridge, D. and Butt, T. (2005) ‘The erotic construction of power exchangeJournal of Constructivist Psychology , 18 (1), pp. 65-74. ISSN 1072-0537

Butt, T. and Parton, N. (2005) ‘Constructivist social work and personal construct theory: the case of psychological trauma British Journal of Social Work , 35 (6), pp. 793-806. ISSN 1468-263X

2004

Langdridge, D. and Butt, T. (2004) ‘The fundamental attribution error: A phenomenological critiqueBritish Journal of Social Psychology , 43 (3), pp. 357-369. ISSN 0144-6665

Langdridge, D. and Butt, T. (2004) ‘A Hermeneutic Phenomenological Investigation of the Construction of Sadomasochistic IdentitiesSexualities , 7 (1), pp. 31-53. ISSN 1363-4607

Butt, T (2004) ‘Explanation, understanding and personal constructsPersonal construct theory and practice , 1 (1), pp. 1-14. ISSN 1613-5091

Butt, T. and Burr, V. (2004) Invitation to personal construct psychology 2nd ed. . London, UK: Wiley. ISBN 978-1-86156-387-3

2003

Butt, T (2003) Understanding people . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781403904652

King, N., Butt, T. and Green, L. (2003) ‘Spanking and the corporal punishment of children: the sexual storyInternational Journal of Children's Rights , 11 (2), pp. 199-217. ISSN 0927-5568

Butt, T (2003) ‘The phenomenological context of personal construct psychology’. In: International handbook of personal construct psychology. : Wiley. pp. 379-386. ISBN 978-0-470-84727-5

Butt, T (2003) ‘A 'critical friend' in times of needThe psychologist , 16 (4), pp. 200-201. ISSN 0952-8229

Burr, V. and Butt, T. (2003) ‘Psychological distress and postmodern thought’. In: Ethically challenged professions: enabling innovation and diversity in psychotherapy and counselling. Ross-on-Wye: PCCS Books. pp. 75-93. ISBN 1 898059 61 6

Fry, G., Butt, T. and Bell, R. (2003) ‘Joint action and core construing’. In: Psychological constructivism and the social world. Milan: Franco Angeli. pp. 67-78. ISBN 9788846448125

Butt, T. and Langdridge, D. (2003) ‘The construction of self: the public reach into the private sphere Sociology , 37 (3), pp. 477-493. ISSN 0038-0385

2002

Green, L., Butt, T. and King, N. (2002) ‘Taking the Chaste Out of Chastisement: An Analysis of the Sexual Implications of the Corporal Punishment of ChildrenChildhood , 9 (2), pp. 205-224. ISSN 09075682

Stojnov, D. and Butt, T. (2002) ‘The relational basis of personal construct psychology’. In: Advances in Personal Construct Psychology. Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group/Praeger. pp. 81-112. ISBN 978-0-275-97294-3

2001

Butt, T (2001) ‘Social action and personal constructs Theory and Psychology , 11 (1), pp. 75-95. ISSN 0959-3543

2000

Burr, V. and Butt, T. (2000) ‘Making a difference’. In: Ninth Biennial Conference of the North American Personal Construct Network, July 12-16 2000, New Paltz State University of New York

Butt, T (2000) ‘The construction of the erotic ’. In: Ninth Biennial Conference of the North American Personal Construct Network, July 12-16 2000, New Paltz State University of New York

Burr, V. and Butt, T. (2000) ‘Psychological Disorders: Discovered or Invented? ’. In: Ninth Biennial Conference of the North American Personal Construct Network, July 12-16 2000, New Paltz State University of New York

Butt, T (2000) ‘Pragmatism, constructivism and ethicsJournal of Constructivist Psychology , 13 (2), pp. 85-101. ISSN 1072-0537

Butt, T (2000) ‘Construct psychology and social action’. In: The person in society: challenges to a constructivist theory. Giessen, Germany: Psychosozial-Verlag. pp. 176-185. ISBN 9783898060158

Butt, T (2000) ‘The social context of therapy’. In: Challenging the boundaries: PCP perspectives for the new millenium. Farnborough, UK: EPCA Publications. . ISBN 9780953019847

1999

Burr, V. and Butt, T. (1999) ‘Psychological distress and post-modern thought’. In: Pathology and the Postmodern: mental illness as discourse and experience. London, UK: Sage. pp. 186-206. ISBN 9780761952527

Butt, T (1999) ‘The ethics of pragmatism’. In: Beyond experiment into meaning. Farnborough, UK: EPCA Press. .

Butt, T (1999) ‘Realism, constructivism and phenomenology’. In: Social constructionist psychology : a critical analysis of theory and practice. Buckingham: Open University Press. pp. 127-140. ISBN 9780335201938

1998

Butt, T (1998) ‘Sedimentation and elaborative choiceJournal of Constructivist Psychology , 11 (4), pp. 265-281. ISSN 1072-0537

Butt, T (1998) ‘Sociality, role, and embodimentJournal of Constructivist Psychology , 11 (2), pp. 105-116. ISSN 1072-0537

Butt, T. and Hearn, J. (1998) ‘The Sexualization of Corporal Punishment: The Construction of Sexual MeaningSexualities , 1 (2), pp. 203-227. ISSN 1363-4607

1997

Butt, T (1997) ‘The existentialism of George Kelly Existential Analysis , 8 (2), pp. 20-32.

Butt, T., Burr, V. and Epting, F. (1997) ‘Core construing: self discovery or self invention?’. In: Advances in Personal Construct Psychology. London, UK: Elsevier. pp. 39-62. ISBN 9780762300839

Butt, T., Bell, R. and Burr, V. (1997) ‘Fragmentation and the selfConstructivism in the Human Sciences , 2 (1), pp. 12-29. ISSN 1520-2984

Butt, T (1997) ‘The later Kelly and existential phenomenology’. In: Sharing understanding and practice. Farnborough: EPCA. pp. 40-49. ISBN 9780953019809

Burr, V. and Butt, T. (1997) ‘Interview methodology and PCP’. In: Sharing understanding and practice. Farnborough: EPCA. pp. 98-105. ISBN 9780953019809

1996

Butt, T (1996) ‘PCP: cognitive or social psychology?’. In: Empirical Constructivism in Europe. Giessen, Germany: Psychosozial-Verlag. pp. 58-67. ISBN 9783930096572

1995

Butt, T (1995) ‘Ordinal relationships between constructsJournal of Constructivist Psychology , 8 (3), pp. 227-236. ISSN 1072-0537

1992

Burr, V. and Butt, T. (1992) Invitation to personal construct psychology . London, UK: Whurr Publishers. ISBN 1870332482

1987

Butt, T. and Bannister, D. (1987) ‘Better the devil you know’. In: Key cases in psychotherapy. London, UK: Croom Helm. . ISBN 0814717861

1976

Butt, T. and Gwynne-Jones, H. (1976) ‘Untwining the double bind’. In: Case studies in behaviour therapy. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 121-149. ISBN 9780710081643

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