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Portrait of Mr Kris Christmann Mr Kris Christmann | 01484 473222


Qualifications: BSc, MA, MA, Pg Cert. SSRM

Kris joined the Applied Criminology Centre (ACC) at the University of Huddersfield in 2000 after completing a BSc in Psychology at Oxford Brookes, an MA in Philosophy and Social Theory at Warwick, an MA in Criminology at Keele, and a PG Cert in Research Methods at Nottingham Trent University.

He has been involved in a range of projects evaluating and research situational, social and developmental crime prevention measures funded by the Home Office, Youth Justice Board, Office for Security and Counter-terrorism; Government Office North-West, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, the Nuffield Foundation and the EU.

He is currently undertaking cross national research with colleagues which investigates the mental health effects upon children when a carer is imprisoned. The COPING project is a large EU FP7 funded project that brings together colleagues in the Centre for Applied Childhood Studies and the Centre for Health and Social Care and the ACC here at Huddersfield, and our European partners (the Karolinska Institutet, and Riksbryggan in Sweden; the Dresden University of Technology, and Treffpunkt e.V. in Germany; the Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza, and Alternative Sociale Association in Romania; the Quaker United Nations Office in Switzerland; Eurochips in France; and Partners of Prisoners Support Group here in the UK). He is the UK workpackage leader for disseminating the emerging findings and publicising the research study. He recently attended the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child in Geneva, who held a General Day of Discussion on the plight of children of prisoners worldwide.

In addition, Kris and colleagues have undertaken work examining Al-Qaida inspired radicalisation amongst young people in the UK, and evaluated a national programme aimed at preventing violent radicalistion. They are currently in the process of publishing these findings, both through the YJB and academic journals.

Kris has acted as a peer reviewer for research proposals for both the ESRC and The Big Lottery Fund.


  • HID1010 Community Safety and Crime Prevention
  • HHB1025 Key Issues in Criminology (Hons)
  • HFB1024 Human Rights and Contemporary Society
  • HHB1038 Final Year Project

Part Time PhD:

Kris is currently undertaking a part time PhD entitled: An Analysis of Police Use of Force when Policing Civil Disturbances: A Case Study of the G20 protest, the Anti-Cuts protest and the recent inner city ‘riots’ in the UK

Research & Scholarship

University research group memberships

Kris is currently a member of the Institute for Research in Citizenship and Applied Human Sciences and the Applied Criminology Centre.

Research interests

  • Offender resettlement and desistance
  • Hate crime offending and hate crime policy
  • Political and religiously motivated violence
  • Police corruption, brutality and violence
  • Police governance and reform
  • The militarisation of policing

In addition Kris is interested in a number of conceptual and normative issues in the area where moral, legal and political philosophy intersect–particularly, obedience, authority, legitimacy, obligation, coercion, and privacy

Selected research projects:

Publications (in press)

(For a list of published outputs see research outputs)

Christmann, K.; Rogerson, M. Hirschfield, A. Starrak, K., Wilcox, A., (2011) ‘Preventing the Development of Violent Extremism Amongst Young People’. Youth Justice Board.

Christmann, K. (2011) ‘Systematic Review: Preventing the Development of Violent Extremism amongst Young People’. Youth Justice Board..

Publications (other):

Christmann, K. ‘The Forgotten Victims of Crime’ (2011) Insidetime: The National Newspaper for Prisoners, October issue, p34.

Book Reviews: Review of C. Corbett’s ‘Car Crime’ Cullompton: Willan (2005) The Howard Journal (2005) 44 (3) pp335-6

Selected conference presentations:

Delivered Workshop for Youth Justice Board - Racially Motivated Offending and Targeted Interventions (with K. Wong) 2011

Huddersfield University 2009. COPING - what does the literature tell us about the mental health impact on children of having a parent in prison?

American Society of Criminology: Nashville TN 2005. Findings from a North-West short-term prisoner resettlement project

British Society of Criminology: Portsmouth University 2004. Emerging findings from a North-West short-term prisoner resettlement project

British Society of Criminology: Bangor University 2003. International and Internet Cases of Child Sexual Abuse – Work in Progress.

Publications and Other Research Outputs


Thomas, P., Busher, J., Macklin, G., Rogerson, M. and Christmann, K. (2015) ‘Understanding Concerns about Community RelationsIdentity papers: A journal of British and Irish studies , 1 (1), pp. 67-78. ISSN 2058-6205

Thomas, P., Rogerson, M., Macklin, G., Christmann, K. and Busher, J. (2015) Understanding Concerns about Community Relations in Kirklees Huddersfield: Univesrity of Huddersfield

Busher, J., Christmann, K., Macklin, G., Rogerson, M. and Thomas, P. (2015) Understanding Concerns about Community Relations in Calderdale Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield


Christmann, K (2013) ‘Arresting development? Police Professional (380), pp. 20-21.

Christmann, K (2013) ‘Arrested development?Justice for Children of Prisoners Newsletters: Police, Judges and Sentencing (3), pp. 6-7.

Jones, A., Gallagher, B., Manby, M., Robertson, O., Schützwohl, M., Berman, A., Hirschfield, A., Ayre, L., Urban, M., Sharratt, K. and Christmann, K. (2013) Children of Prisoners: Interventions and mitigations to strengthen mental health . Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. ISBN 9781862181168

Wong, K., Christmann, K., Meadows, L., Albertson, K. and Senior, P. (2013) Hate Crime in Suffolk: Understanding prevalence and support needs Sheffield: Sheffield Hallam University/University of Huddersfield


Christmann, K., Turliuc, M. and M?irean, C. (2012) ‘Risk and Resilience in Children of Prisoners: A Research ReviewScientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University - Sociology and Social Work Section , 5 (2). ISSN 2065-3131

Christmann, K (2012) Preventing Religious Radicalisation and Violent Extremism: A Systematic Review of the Research Evidence Youth Justice Board

Hirschfield, A., Christmann, K., Wilcox, A., Rogerson, M. and Sharratt, K. (2012) Process Evaluation of Preventing Violent Extremism Programmes for Young People Youth Justice Board


Smithson, H., Wilcox, A., Monchuk, L., Christmann, K. and Wong, K. (2011) ‘The prevalence of youth racially motivated offending: What do we really know?Probation Journal , 58 (3), pp. 233-249. ISSN 0264-5505


Wilcox, A., Smithson, H., Christmann, K., Monchuk, L. and Wong, K. (2010) Racially motivated offending and targeted interventions London: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales

Christmann, K. and Wong, K. (2010) ‘Hate Crime Victims and Hate Crime Reporting: Some Impertinent Questions’. In: Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions. Abingdon: Willan Publishing. . ISBN 978-1-84392-779-2


Wilcox, A., Christmann, K., Rogerson, M. and Birch, P. (2009) Tackling the Demand for Prostitution: A Rapid Evidence Assessment of the published research literature Home Office

Wong, K. and Christmann, K. (2009) ‘The Role of Victim Decision Making in Reporting of Hate CrimesCommunity Safety Journal , 7 (2), pp. 19-35. ISSN 1757-8043

Smithson, H., Christmann, K., Armitage, R., Monchuk, L., Whitehead, A. and Rogerson, M. (2009) Young People’s Involvement in Gangs and Guns in Liverpool University of Huddersfield


Wilcox, A. and Christmann, K. (2008) ‘Getting paid for sex is my kick: a qualitative study of male sex workers’. In: Sex as Crime?. London, UK: Willan Publishing. pp. 118-136. ISBN 978-1-84392-267-4


Rogerson, M. and Christmann, K. (2007) ‘Burglars and wardrobe monsters. Practical and ethical problems in the reduction of crime fearBritish Journal of Community Justice , 5 (1), pp. 79-94. ISSN 1475-0279


Wilcox, A. and Christmann, K. (2006) Sex for sale: qualitative study of male sex workers Huddersfield, UK: University of Huddersfield (Unpublished)

Gallagher, B., Fraser, C., Christmann, K. and Hodgson, B. (2006) International and internet child sexual abuse and exploitation Huddersfield, UK: University of Huddersfield


Christmann, K. and Rogerson, M. (2004) Crime, fear of crime and quality of life: Identifying and Responding to Problems Research Report 35 Sheffield: CRESR


Rogerson, M., Christmann, K. and Walters, D. (2003) Fear of Crime and Insecurity in New Deal for Communities CRESR

Gallagher, B., Christmann, K., Fraser, C. and Hodgson, B. (2003) ‘International and internet child sexual abuse and exploitation - issues emerging from researchChild and Family Law Quarterly , 15 (4), pp. 353-371. ISSN 1358-8184


Indicators of Esteem

  • Acted as Peer Reviewer for ESRC; Big Lottery Fund.
  • Invited Attendee: Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism: Social and Behavioural Research Unit - Prevent Seminar Research Workshop (May 2010)

Research Degree Supervision

Increasing the reporting and recording of hate crime

It is generally recognised that levels of hate crime reporting remain notoriously low. The Lawrence Inquiry Report (1999) attempted to tackle under reporting by recommending Codes of Practice in order to create a comprehensive system of reporting and recording of all racist incidents and crimes by the Police and other agencies. Whilst the Inquiry was highly influential, heralding a flurry of policy initiatives, the evidence base for the effectiveness of the recommendations remains meagre. This is because little is known in relation to the decisive issue - the decision making behaviour of assorted hate crime victims in whether or not to report incidents, and any between group variability. Much of the research literature examining victims of hate crime has tended to focus upon the impacts of hate crime along with the appropriate practical and emotional support needs for victims. With the exception of one small scale study (Wong & Christmann, 2006) little research attention has been given to understanding the actual decision making processes of hate crime victims in whether or not to report hate crime incidents and how available reporting methods and publicity materials interplay and impact upon reporting decisions (Victim Support Review 2005). These gaps are even more noticeable in relation to offering either police or non police reporting agencies as a strategy for improving reporting levels across victimised groups. With the expanding scope of recent hate crime legislation (to include faith, disability and other minority group statuses) and increasing concerns over community cohesion, there is a need to establish a firmer and generalisable evidence base than hitherto exists on understanding non-reporting behaviour to better inform national policy.

Last updated Monday 14 September 2015
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