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Portrait of Professor Liam Blunt Professor Liam Blunt

l.a.blunt@hud.ac.uk | 01484 472037



Biography

Professor Liam Blunt has an honours degree in Materials Technology and a PhD in "The Metallurgy of Centreless Ground surfaces" under the supervision of Dr Wilf Tomlinson at Coventry University. Prof Blunt also spent one year working as a metallurgist in failure analysis at AMTAC Laboratories in Manchester.

His Academic experience includes Post Doctoral period  at Warwick University  covering Microscopy of Thick and Thin Film Superconductors.  Prof Blunt then moved onto Birmingham University  in 1990 to work on the development of a multi properties materials tester. Whilst at Birmingham he developed an interest in tribology and surface metrology. Eventually Prof Blunt secured a lectureship and developed his research in the field of surface metrology.

In 1997 Prof Blunt moved to Huddersfield and began developing the Centre for Precision Technologies. As well as teaching in the area of Materials and Manufacturing processes. During this period the CPT has expanded from three researchers to a thirty strong activity Prof Blunt has formed extensive industrial collaborations in particular with Taylor Hobson Ltd a world  leading metrology company. Prof Blunt  now holds the Taylor Hobson Chair of Surface Metrology. Prof Blunt is the Director of Research for the School of Computing and Engineering.

Outside of work Prof Blunt enjoys cycling walking, running and watching his favorite team Liverpool FC

Research & Scholarship

Professor Blunt has worked since 1990 in the areas of Surface Metrology and Precision Engineering. His current role is the Taylor Hobson Chair of Surface Metrology in the Centre for Precision Technologies (CPT) at the University of Huddersfield and he is the current director of research within the CPT and coordinator of external industrial activities within the centre.

Within the Centre for Precision Technologies his specific areas of research include surface metrology, the development of standards for 3D surface measurement, manufacturing processes and precision environment design. Recent success has include obtaining £1.1M EC funding for the development of written standards in 3D surface topography, where Huddersfield is the co-ordinator of an multinational project and within this project is investigating nanoscale surface finishes produced on orthopaedic implant bearing surfaces. Very recently Prof Blunt has been part of a £1.08M industrial collaborative project developing novel measurement techniques for Si wafer and optical coatings funded to through the DTI MNT initiative. Prof Blunt has developed extensive links with the collaborating companies for several years culminating in a formal research agreement with Taylor Hobson where the company funded three researchers on a rolling contract and the company support a chair in the school.

In 2005 the CPT was awarded CIC (Centre for Industrial Collaboration) status by thee regional development agency in recognition of their work with industry. Prof Blunt has been an invited speaker at CIRP meetings, annual meetings of the American Society of Precision Engineers and Japanese Society for Precision Engineering.

Prof Blunt has published over 170 papers in Journals and Conferences. Prof Blunts group have very recently gained funding for the development of a novel ballistic metrology system for for bullet and gun matching.

Particular areas of Research include

  • Surface micro and nano metrology
  • Tribology and Metrology Medical Implants
  • Development of Precision Abrasive Processes
  • Forensic Metrology for Ballistics
  • Development of standards

Research Funding

  • SRIF HEFCE Infrastructure Funding (Nanometrology Facility) 2001     £172,500
  • Taylor Hobson Industrial Project SURFSTAND  2002-2008 £440,000
  • HEFCE Infrastructure Funding (Nanometrology Facility) 2003     £75,000
  • European Commission, Leonardo da Vinci Programme “EUKOM” 2003-2005 £26413
  • EPSRC “From Optical Surfaces to Prosthetic Joint Lifetime” 2003-2005 £144182
  • DTI National Measurement System Programme for Length Metrology “Development and Dissemination of Softgauges for Surface Metrology” 2003-2005 £60000
  • DTI MNT Initiative “Semiconductor and Optical Layer Analysis and Definition using Interference Microscopy (SOLADIM)”,  2004-2006,  £147,000
  • Centres for Industrial Collaboration CPT Yorkshire Forward 2005-2008 £600,000
  • HEFCE Infrastructure Funding (Nanometrology Facility) 2006 £205,000    
  • EPSRC Case Award  “OpticalProbes” 2006-2009 £59,424
  • European Commission ODDESSEY“European ballistic database” 2008-2010 £370899
  • Taylor Hobson Industrial Project SURFSTAND 2 2008-2011 £450,000

Research Supervision

  • 2 Successful PhD supervisions at Birmingham University, 5 PhD successful PhD supervisions at Huddersfield University
  • 5 Current PhD students
  • 3 Research Fellows at Birmingham University
  • 4 Post Doctoral Posts at Huddersfield University

Esteem Factors

  1. Holder, Taylor Hobson Chair of Surface Metrology
  2. Director of the Centre for Industrial Collaboration CIC, Awarded by the Regional Development Agency

 

Keynote Speaker

  1. Annual Japanese Society of Precision Engineering meeting Shimane Japan  2004
  2. The 6th International Symposium of Measurement technology and intelligent instruments, Hong Kong 2003
  3. Asia Pacific Conference on Optics Manufacture Advances in Precision Metrology, 2007, Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  4. Holder of industrial contract  “SURFSTAND”, Taylor Hobson Ltd. £100K/p.a.

Invited Speaker

  1. CIRP Scientific Technical Committee s (Surfaces ) Paris, 2003
  2. “Advances in metrology for machined surfaces” MACH2004 “Metrology issues, Workpiece Surface Evaluation”  MACH 2006, Birmingham, NEC
  3. “Precision and Nanoscale Surface Metrology,  Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2006
  4. “Nano-Surface Metrology”, Seminar Hong Kong Polytechnic University,  2006.
  5. European Conference on Tribology Slovenia 2007
  6. CIRP UK annual meeting, Birmingham University, 2007
  7. I Mech E Seminar Surface Science NPL 2007
  8. A Review of European Commission Funded Projects in Surface Texture, ISO/TC 213 12th Plenary Meeting, 2002, Madrid, Spain

 

Other

  1. Associate Editor of the Journal Precision Engineering
  2. Advisory Group Member; National Measurement Program, reporting to Department for Innovation Universities and Skills
  3. Visiting Professor Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China 2001-.
  4. Co-ordinator for EC  RTD project SURFSTAND (SMT4-CT98-22561),  11 partners including Volvo, VW,
  5. Participant in EC project, Leonardo da Vinci Programme “EUKOM” 2003 and EC Project Leonardo da Vinci Programme “Geometric Product Specification Courses for Technical Universities” 2001.
  6. Regular referee to Journals:-Precision Engineering, Wear, International Journal of Machine Tool Manufacture and Design, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, H, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
  7. Conference Chair  7th  International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces, 2007, Huddersfield UK
  8. International Scientific Committee, International Symposium of Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments, Japan 2007
  9. Member EPSRC peer review college
  10. Awarded Three EPSRC Research Grants (PI)

Publications and Other Research Outputs

2014

Elrawemi, M., Blunt, L., Muhamedsalih, H., Fleming, L. and Gao, F. (2014) ‘Verification of an in Process Optical System based on High Resolution Interferometry for Detecting Flexible PV Barrier Films Defects’. In: Photon14, 1-4 September 2014, Imperial College, London, UK

Blunt, L., Elrawemi, M., Fleming, L., Robbins, D. and Muhamedsalih, H. (2014) ‘In-line metrology for defect assessment on large area Roll 2 Roll substrates’. In: 11th Laser Metrology for Precision Measurement and Inspection in Industry (LMPMI), 2nd-5th September 2014, EPOCHAL TSUKUBA Tsukuba, Japan

Elrawemi, M., Muhamedsalih, H., Blunt, L., Fleming, L., Martin, H. and Jiang, X. (2014) ‘Comparative study between online and offline defect assessment methods for roll to roll flexible PV modules’. In: 4th International Conference on Nanomanufacturing (nanoMan2014), 8-10 July, Bremen, Germany , pp. 1-5

Muhamedsalih, H., Blunt, L., Martin, H., Jiang, X. and Elrawemi, M. (2014) ‘An interferometric auto-focusing method for on-line defect assessment on a roll-to-roll process using wavelength scanning interferometry’. In: Proceedings of EUSPEN 14th International Conference 2014. Dubrovnik, Croatia: EUSPEN. pp. 177-180. ISBN 978-0-9566790-3-1

Elrawemi, M., Blunt, L. and Fleming, L. (2014) ‘Metrology and Characterisation of Defects on Barrier Layers for Thin Film Flexible Photovoltaics’. In: Proceedings of EUSPEN 14th International Conference 2014. Dubrovnik, Croatia: EUSPEN. pp. 165-168. ISBN 978-0-9566790-3-1

Zeng, S. and Blunt, L. (2014) ‘Experimental investigation and analytical modelling of the effects of process parameters on material removal rate for bonnet polishing of cobalt chrome alloyPrecision Engineering , 38 (2), pp. 348-355. ISSN 01416359

Hothi, H., Matthies, A., Berber, R., Whittaker, R., Bills, P., Racasan, R., Blunt, L., Blunn, G., Skinner, J. and Hart, A. (2014) ‘The reproducibility of a semi-quantitative scoring method for taper corrosion and fretting, and its usefulness for predicting the volume of material loss’. In: Orthopaedic Research Society - 60th Annual Meeting, March 15-18 2014, New Orleans, LA, USA

Matthies, A., Bills, P., Racasan, R., Blunt, L., Blunn, G., Skinner, J. and Hart, A. (2014) ‘Analysis of the taper supports retention of a well-fixed stem in revision surgery of metal-on-metal hip replacements’. In: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, March 11-15 2014, New Orleans, LA, USA

Matthies, A., Cro, S., Bills, P., Racasan, R., Blunt, L., Blunn, G., Henckel, J., Skinner, J. and Hart, A. (2014) ‘Which factors determine the volume of material lost from the taper junction of metal-on-metal hip replacements?’. In: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, March 11-15 2014, New Orleans, LA, USA

Elrawemi, M., Blunt, L., Fleming, L., Sweeney, F. and Robbins, D. (2014) ‘Defect Detection in Thin-film Photovoltaics; Towards Improved Efficiency and Longevity’. In: The Fifth International Renewable Energy Congress, 25th-27th March 2014, Hammamet, Tunisia , pp. 524-528

Elrawemi, M., Blunt, L., Fleming, L., Sweeney, F. and Robbins, D. (2014) ‘Defect Detection in Thin-film Photovoltaics; Towards Improved Efficiency and Longevity’. In: 5th International Renewable Energy Congress . Hammamet, Tunisia: IEEE. pp. 524-528. ISBN 978-1-4799-2196-6

Blunt, L., Robbins, D., Fleming, L. and Elrawemi, M. (2014) ‘The Use of Feature Parameters to Asses Barrier Properties of ALD coatings for Flexible PV SubstratesJournal of Physics: Conference Series , 483, pp. 70-74. ISSN 1742-6596

Elrawemi, M., Blunt, L., Fleming, L., Bird, D., Robbins, D. and Sweeney, F. (2014) ‘Modelling water vapor permeability through atomic layer deposition coated photovoltaic barrier defectsThin Solid Films .

2013

Elrawemi, M., Blunt, L., Fleming, L. and Sweeney, F. (2013) ‘Further Development of Surface Metrology Methods for Predicting the Functional Performance of Flexible PV Barrier Films Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties , 1 (1), p. 015006. ISSN 2051-672X

Elrawemi, M., Blunt, L. and Fleming, L. (2013) ‘Process Practice and its Effects on Surface Defects on Flexible PV Barrier Films ’. In: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2013 : CEARC'13. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 49-54. ISBN 9781862181212

Blunt, L., Elrawemi, M., Fleming, L., Martin, H., Muhamedsalih, H. and Robbins, D. (2013) ‘Metrology for in process metrology for roll to roll production of flexible photovoltaics ’. In: Metrology Technologies to Enable Reel to Reel Processing of Emerging Products, November 20, 2013, National Physical Laboratory , Teddington, Middlesex, UK.

Matthies, A., Racasan, R., Bills, P., Blunt, L., Cro, S., Panagiotidou, A., Blunn, G., Skinner, J. and Hart, A. (2013) ‘Material Loss at the Taper Junction of Retrieved Large Head Metal-on-Metal Total Hip ReplacementsJournal of Orthopaedic Research , 31 (11), pp. 1677-1685. ISSN 0736-0266

Blunt, L., Elrawemi, M., Fleming, L. and Sweeney, F. (2013) ‘Correlation of micro and nano–scale defects with WVTR for aluminium oxide barrier coatings for flexible photovoltaic modulesInternational Journal of Precision Technology , 3 (3), pp. 290-302. ISSN 1755-2060

Li, T., Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Zeng, W. (2013) ‘An Information Model for Surface MetrologyProcedia CIRP , 10, pp. 251-258. ISSN 2212-8271

Cui, C., Li, T., Blunt, L., Jiang, X., Huang, H., Ye, R. and Fan, W. (2013) ‘The Assessment of Straightness and Flatness Errors Using Particle Swarm OptimizationProcedia CIRP , 10, pp. 271-275. ISSN 2212-8271

Elrawemi, M., Blunt, L. and Fleming, L. (2013) ‘Metrology and Characterisation of Micro and Nano-scale Defects for Aluminium Oxide Barrier Film Employed in Flexible Photovoltaic Modules ’. In: Manufacturing the Future Conference September 2013 . Cranfield, UK: EPSRC. . ISBN 978-1-907413-22-3

Blunt, L., Elrawemi, M., Fleming, L., Martin, H., Muhamedsalih, H. and Robbins, D. (2013) ‘Development of the basis for in process metrology for roll to roll production of flexible photovoltaics’. In: Proceedings of the 11th IMEKO TC14 Symposium on Laser Metrology for Precision Measurement and Inspection in Industry . Tsukuba, Japan: International Measurement Confederation (IMEKO) . pp. 9-12. ISBN 978-1-63266-731-1

Zeng, S., Blunt, L. and Racasan, R. (2013) ‘An investigation of the viability of bonnet polishing as a possible method to manufacture hip prostheses with multi-radius femoral headsThe International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology . ISSN 0268-3768

Blunt, L., Robbins, D., Fleming, L. and Elrawemi, M. (2013) ‘The Use of Feature Parameters to Assess Barrier Properties of ALD coatings for Flexible PV Substrates’. In: 14th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces (Met & Props 2013) , June 17-21, 2013, Taipei, Taiwan , p. 45

Blunt, L., Fleming, L., Elrawemi, M., Robbins, D. and Muhamedsalih, H. (2013) ‘In-line metrology of functional surfaces with a focus on defect assessment on large area Roll to Roll substrates’. In: Proceedings of the 13th international conference of the european society for precision engineering and nanotechnology. Germany, Berlin : EUSPEN. pp. 71-74. ISBN 13:978-0-9566790-2-4

Hothi, H., Cro, S., Bills, P., Blunt, L., Racasan, R., Blunn, G., Skinner, J. and Hart, A. (2013) ‘Correlation between the detailed visual inspection of retrieved metal-on-metal hips and their volumetric wear’. In: International Society for Technology in Arthroplasty 26th Annual Congress, 16-19 October 2013, Palm Beach, Florida, USA

Fleming, L., Racasan, R., Bills, P., Skinner, J., Hart, A. and Blunt, L. (2013) ‘Characterisation of wear morphology at the head-cup bearing interface in retrieved metal-on-metal hip replacements’. In: International Society for Technology in Arthroplasty 26th Annual Congress, 16-19 October 2013, Palm Beach, Florida, USA

Racasan, R., Bills, P., Blunt, L. and Xiao, S. (2013) ‘Measurement of material loss’. In: Are Modular Hip Junctions An Issue?, 29th April 2013, The Royal Society of Medicine, London

Bills, P., Blunt, L., Racasan, R., Skinner, J. and Hart, A. (2013) ‘Accurate determination of material loss at the taper interface of retrieved metal-on-metal hip replacements’. In: 19th International Conference on Wear of Materials, 14-18th April 2013, Portland, Oregon USA

Bills, P., Racasan, R., Tessier, P. and Blunt, L. (2013) ‘Assessing the wear of the modular taper interface in retrieved metal-on-metal hip replacements’. In: 14th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces (Met & Props 2013) , June 17-21, 2013, Taipei, Taiwan

Hart, A., Matthies, A., Bills, P., Racasan, R., Blunn, G., Blunt, L. and Skinner, J. (2013) ‘The taper junction contributes one third of the total volumetric material loss in large diameter metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties’. In: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, March 19-23 2013, Chicago, IL, USA

Fleming, L., Blunt, L., Robbins, D. and Elrawemi, M. (2013) ‘Characterisation techniques to assess functional properties of barrier coatings for flexible PV substrates’. In: Proceedings of Laser Metrology and Performance X 10th International Conference and Exhibition on Laser Metrology, Machine Tool, CMM & Robotic Performance . Buckinghamshire, UK: EUSPEN. pp. 59-69. ISBN 978-0-9566790-1-7

2012

Blunt, L., Robbins, D., Leach, R., Fleming, L. and Elrawemi, M. (2012) ‘Surface defects in water vapour barrier layers for structured plastic electronics’. In: Tropical Meeting Structured & Freeform Surfaces, 5th-6th December 2012, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK , pp. 71-76

Senin, N., Blunt, L. and Tolley, M. (2012) ‘Dimensional metrology of micro parts by optical three-dimensional profilometry and areal surface topography analysisProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture , 226 (11), pp. 1819-1832. ISSN 0954-4054

Senin, N., Blunt, L. and Tolley, M. (2012) ‘The use of areal surface topography analysis for the inspection of micro-fabricated thin foil laser targets for ion accelerationMeasurement Science and Technology , 23 (10), p. 105004. ISSN 0957-0233

Matthies, A., Racasan, R., Bills, P., Panagiotidou, A., Blunt, L., Skinner, J., Blunn, G. and Hart, A. (2012) ‘Corrosion is the main mechanism of material loss at the taper junction of large head metal on metal hip replacements’. In: British Orthopaedic Society Annual Meeting, September 24th-25th 2012, London, UK

Hart, A., Matthies, A., Racasan, R., Bills, P., Panagiotidou, A., Blunt, L., Blunn, G. and Skinner, J. (2012) ‘Taper wear contributes only a third of the total volumetirc material loss in large head metal on metal hip replacement’. In: British Orthopaedic Research Society Annual Meeting, September 24th-25th 2012, London, UK

Bills, P., Racasan, R., Hart, A., Skinner, J., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2012) ‘Using metrology to bridge the gap in understanding between engineering and biological failure: the case of metal-on-metal hip replacements’. In: 1st Annual EPSRC Manufacturing the Future Conference, 19th-20th September 2012, Loughborough, UK

Zhang, H., Blunt, L., Jiang, X., Fleming, L. and Barrans, S. (2012) ‘The influence of bone cement type on production of fretting wear on the femoral stem surface: A preliminary studyClinical Biomechanics , 27 (7), pp. 666-672. ISSN 0268-0033

Wang, J., Jiang, X., Blunt, L., Leach, R. and Scott, P. (2012) ‘Intelligent sampling for the measurement of structured surfacesMeasurement Science and Technology , 23 (8). ISSN 0957-0233

Bills, P., Racasan, R., Hart, A., Skinner, J. and Blunt, L. (2012) ‘Accurate determination of clinical wear in retrieved metal-on-metal hip replacement joints’. In: Euro-Mediterranean Conference on Bioengineering and Biomaterials, 4th-6th July 2012, Fes, Morocco

Zeng, S., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2012) ‘The investigation of material removal in bonnet polishing of CoCr alloy artificial joints’. In: Proceedings of the 12th international conference of the european society for precision engineering and nanotechnology EUSPEN 2012. Stockholm, Sweden: EUSPEN. pp. 352-355. ISBN 978-0-9566790-0-0

Blunt, L. and Scott, P. (2012) ‘Characterisation of structured geometry surfaces features on micro and nano scale surfacesInternational Journal of Nanomanufacturing , 8 (5/6), pp. 359-371. ISSN 1746-9392

Wang, J., Jiang, X., Blunt, L., Leach, R. and Scott, P. (2012) ‘A boundary segmentation algorithm for extracting microscale dimensional parameters in the measurement of structured surfaces’. In: euspen 12th International Conference and Exhibition, 4 - 8 June 2012, Stockholm, Sweden

Blunt, L., Bills, P. and Racasan, R. (2012) ‘Measurement of Tapers’. In: Metal-on-Metal Hip Replacements: Re-solving The Uncertainties, 28th May 2012, Royal College of Surgeons of England, London

Bills, P. and Blunt, L. (2012) ‘Measurement of Bearing Surfaces’. In: Metal-on-Metal Hip Replacements: Re-solving The Uncertainties, 28th May 2012, Royal College of Surgeons of England, London

Bills, P., Racasan, R., Skinner, J., Hart, A. and Blunt, L. (2012) ‘Effect of Uncertainty on Wear Measurement of Metal-on-metal Total Hip Replacement Components’. In: ASTM Symposium on Metal-on-Metal Total hip Replacement Devices, 8th May 2012, Phoenix, AZ, USA

Joyce, N., Fleming, L., Sisodia, G., Elnaggar, M., Chakrabarty, G. and Blunt, L. (2012) ‘Does cementing the tibial keel and peg in a knee replacement affect the pull out strength of the tibial component from the bone - A biomedical study of two cementation techniques’. In: EFORT Congress 2012, 23 - 25 May 2012, Berlin

Zeng, S., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2012) ‘Material removal investigation in bonnet polishing of CoCr alloy’. In: Proceedings of The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers’ Conference 2012: CEARC’12. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 25-30. ISBN 978-1-86218-106-9

Bills, P., Racasan, R., Underwood, R., Cann, P., Skinner, J., Hart, A., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2012) ‘Volumetric wear assessment of retrieved metal-on-metal hip prostheses and the impact of measurement uncertaintyWear , 274, pp. 212-219. ISSN 0043-1648

Zeng, W., Jiang, X., Scott, P. and Blunt, L. (2012) ‘Diffusion filtration for the evaluation of MEMs surfaceInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing . ISSN 2234-7593

2011

Bills, P. and Blunt, L. (2011) ‘Wear Measurement of MoM Hips’. In: Orthopaedic Research UK Meeting – Metal-on-Metal Hip Replacements: Solving The Uncertainties, 14th December 2011, Royal College of Surgeons, London, UK

Zeng, S., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2011) ‘The application of Taguchi approach to optimise the processing conditions on bonnet polishing of CoCrKey Engineering Materials , 496, pp. 235-240. ISSN 1013-9826

Bills, P., Underwood, R., Sayles, R., Cann, P., Hart, A., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2011) ‘Taper Wear in Large Head Metal-on-Metal Hips’. In: International Conference on BioTribology 2011, 18th - 21th September 2011, Imperial College

Wang, J., Jiang, X., Gurdak, E., Scott, P., Leach, R., Tomplins, P. and Blunt, L. (2011) ‘Numerical characterisation of biomedical titanium surface texture using novel feature parametersWear , 271 (7-8), pp. 1059-1065. ISSN 0043-1648

Blunt, L. and Xiao, S. (2011) ‘The Use of Surface Segmentation Methods to Characterise Laser Zone Surface Structure on Hard Disc DrivesWear , 271 (3-4), pp. 604-609. ISSN 0043-1648

Thomas, T., Rosén, B., Zahouani, H., Blunt, L. and Mansori, M. (2011) ‘Traceology, quantifying finishing machining and function: a tool and wear mark characterisation studyWear , 271 (3/4), pp. 553-558. ISSN 00431648

Wang, J., Jiang, X., Blunt, L., Leach, R. and Scott, P. (2011) ‘Efficiency of adaptive sampling in surface texture measurement for structured surfaces’. In: The 13th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces, 12-15 April 2011, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK , pp. 214-218

Wang, J., Jiang, X., Blunt, L., Leach, R. and Scott, P. (2011) ‘Efficiency of adaptive sampling in surface texture measurement for structured surfaces’. In: The 13th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces, 12-15 April 2011, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK , pp. 214-218

Muller, M., Barrans, S. and Blunt, L. (2011) ‘Predicting Plastic Deformation and Work Hardening during V-Band FormationJournal of Materials Processing Technology , 211 (4), pp. 627-636. ISSN 0924-0136

2010

Lan, X., Blunt, L. and Xiao, S. (2010) ‘Building a Flexible Surface Characterisation System Architecture’. In: Future Technologies in Computing and Engineering: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2010: CEARC’10. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 43-47. ISBN 9781862180932

Wilkinson, A., Chen, X. and Blunt, L. (2010) ‘Experimentation to Reduce Friction from Novel Abrasive Tape Polishing Method ’. In: Future Technologies in Computing and Engineering: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2010: CEARC’10. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 54-59. ISBN 9781862180932

Zeng, S., Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Bills, P. (2010) ‘Investigation of the material removal characteristic for polishing CoCr alloy’. In: Future Technologies in Computing and Engineering: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2010: CEARC’10. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 177-182. ISBN 9781862180932

Qi, Q., Blunt, L., Scott, P. and Jiang, X. (2010) ‘Modeling of the concepts in ISO standards for profile surface texture’. In: Future Technologies in Computing and Engineering: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2010: CEARC’10. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 172-176. ISBN 9781862180932

Wang, J., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2010) ‘Simulation of Adaptive Sampling in Profile Measurement for Structured Surfaces ’. In: Future Technologies in Computing and Engineering: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2010: CEARC’10. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 48-53. ISBN 9781862180932

Kong , L., Cheung, B., Jiang, X., Lee, W., To, S., Blunt, L. and Scott, P. (2010) ‘Characterization of Surface Generation of Optical Microstructures Using a Pattern and Feature Parametric Analysis MethodPrecision Engineering , 34 (4), pp. 755-766. ISSN 0141-6359

Bills, P., Underwood, R., Cann, P., Hart, A., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2010) ‘What is required to measure the wear of explanted metal-on-metal hips?’. In: British Orthopaedic Research Society Annual Meeting, 12th-13th July 2010, Cardiff University

Leach, R., Li, T., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2010) ‘Comparison of commercial software packages for calculating surface texture parameters’. In: Proceedings of the euspen International Conference , Monday 31st May - Friday 4th June 2010, Delft, Holland

Blunt, L. and Li, T. (2010) ‘Evaluation of Measurement UncertaintyQuality Manufacturing Today (March).

2009

Wang, J., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2009) ‘A survey of potential sampling strategies for measurement of structured surfaces.’. In: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2009: CEARC’09. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 184-189. ISBN 9781862180857

Zhu, H., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2009) ‘An Active Contour Based Algorithm for Micro-scale Surface Feature Extraction’. In: The Swedish Production Symposium, 2-3 December 2009, Göteborg, Sweden

Zhu, H., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2009) ‘Flexible shape extraction for micro/nano scale structured surfaces.’. In: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2009: CEARC’09. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 190-194. ISBN 9781862180857

Lan, X., Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Xiao, S. (2009) ‘An adaptive system framework for surface characterisation.’. In: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2009: CEARC’09. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 142-146. ISBN 9781862180857

Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Scott, P. (2009) ‘Precision and Nanoscale Surface Metrology’. In: International Moulded Optics Conference,, 19-20th Nov 2009, Breman Germany

Blunt, L., Jiang, X., Zeng, W. and Asim, T. (2009) ‘A new way to evaluate steel sheet surfaces’. In: The 9th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII-2009), 29 June - 2 July 2009, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Obi, S., Chen, X. and Blunt, L. (2009) ‘Effect of polishing angle on material removal rate and surface finish using bonded abrasive pads’. In: Lamdamap 9th International Conference, 30th June – 2nd July 2009, Brunel University

Zeng, W., Jiang, X., Scott, P., Xiao, S. and Blunt, L. (2009) ‘A Fast Algorithm for the High Order Linear and Nonlinear Gaussian Regression filter’. In: Proceedings of the 9 th international conference of the european society for precision engineering and nanotechnology. San Sebastian, Spain: euspen. pp. 356-359. ISBN 978-0-9553082-6-0

Zhu, H., Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Xiao, S. (2009) ‘Recognition of Features from Micro Scale Patterned Surfaces’. In: The 9th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII-2009), 29 June - 2 July 2009, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Li, T., Leach, R., Jung, L., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2009) Comparison of Type F2 Software Measurement Standards for Surface Texture London, UK: National Physical Laboratory, UK

Zhang, H., Brown, L., Blunt, L. and Barrans, S. (2009) ‘Evaluation Of Fretting Wear On The Femoral Stem Surface’. In: International Conference on Bioengineering and Biomaterials, 18 - 20 March 2009, ENSAM, Meknes, Morocco

Zhu, H., Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Shaojun, X. (2009) ‘Measurement and characterisation of micro nano-scale structured surfaces’. In: University of Huddersfield Research Festival, 23rd March - 2nd April 2009, University of Huddersfield

Gao, F., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2009) ‘Automated ballistic and tool mark identification’. In: University of Huddersfield Research Festival, 23rd March - 2nd April 2009, University of Huddersfield

Wang, J., Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Leach, R. (2009) ‘Structured Surfaces, Measurements & Characterization’. In: University of Huddersfield Research Festival, 23rd March - 2nd April 2009, University of Huddersfield

Zhang, H., Brown, L., Blunt, L. and Barrans, S. (2009) ‘Evaluation of fretting wear on the femoral stem surface’. In: International Conference on Bioengineering & Biomaterials , 18-29 March, Meknes, Moroco

Lan, X., Jiang, X., Blunt, L., Xiao, S. and Xie, F. (2009) ‘Characterisation Platform For Surface Metrology’. In: University of Huddersfield Research Festival, 23rd March - 2nd April 2009, University of Huddersfield

Brown, L., Zhang, H. and Blunt, L. (2009) ‘Investigation of a possible wear mechanism at the cement head interface in hip resurfacing arthroplasty’. In: International Conference on Bioengineering and Biomaterials, 18 - 20 March 2009, ENSAM, Meknes, Morocco

Li, T., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2009) ‘Uncertainty In Surface Roughness Measurement’. In: University of Huddersfield Research Festival, 23rd March - 2nd April 2009, University of Huddersfield

Zeng, W., Jiang, X., Scott, P. and Blunt, L. (2009) ‘New Geometrical Filtratation For Ultra-Precision And Micro,Nano Manufactured Products’. In: University of Huddersfield Research Festival, 23rd March - 2nd April 2009, University of Huddersfield

Müller, M. and Blunt, L. (2009) ‘Predicting The Axial Load Of Capacity Of Joints Formed By V-Band Retainers’. In: University of Huddersfield Research Festival, 23rd March - 2nd April 2009, University of Huddersfield

Blunt, L., Bills, P., Jiang, X., Hardacker, C. and Chakrararty, G. (2009) ‘The role of tribology and metrology in the latest development of bio-materialsWear , 266 (3-4), pp. 424-431. ISSN 0043-1648

2008

Blunt, L., Zhang, H., Barrans, S., Jiang, X. and Brown, L. (2008) ‘What results in fretting wear on polished femoral stemsTribology International , 42 (11), pp. 1605-1614. ISSN 0301-679X

Zhu, H., Xiao, S., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2008) ‘MEMS microstructured surface characterisation based on wavelet transform techniques’. In: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2008: CEARC’08. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 87-92. ISBN 978-1-86218-067-3

Blunt, L., Zhang, H., Barrans, S. and Brown, L. (2008) ‘The Relative Contribution of Micropores and Shrinkage Bumps on Cement Surface to Fretting Wear on polished Stems’. In: 35th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, 9th-12th September 2008, Leeds

Zhang, H., Brown, L. and Blunt, L. (2008) ‘Static shear strength between polished stem and seven commercial acrylic bone cementsJournal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine , 19 (2), pp. 591-599. ISSN 0957-4530

Zhang, H., Brown, L., Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Barrans, S. (2008) ‘Understanding initiation and propagation of fretting wear on the femoral stem in total hip replacementWear , 266 (5-6), pp. 566-569. ISSN 0043-1648

Zhang, H., Blunt, L., Jiang, X., Brown, L., Barrans, S. and Zhao, Y. (2008) ‘Femoral stem wear in cemented total hip replacementProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine , 222 (5), pp. 583-592. ISSN 0954-4119

Zeng, W., Jiang, X., Scott, P. and Blunt, L. (2008) ‘Investigation on the noise separation in watt balance experimentsKey Engineering Materials , 381-382, pp. 619-622. ISSN 1013-9826

Li, T., Jiang, X., Blunt, L., Scott, P. and Xiao, S. (2008) ‘The Design and Use of F1 Softgauges for Validating Surface Metrology SoftwareKey Engineering Materials , 381-382, pp. 643-646. ISSN 1013-9826

Yao, S., Barrans, S. and Blunt, L. (2008) ‘Incompressible and Analytical Study on a Basic Model of Out-Pump Type Complex Journal Gas BearingsKey Engineering Materials , 381-382, pp. 153-156. ISSN 1013-9826

Zeng, W., Jiang, X., Scott, P. and Blunt, L. (2008) ‘Morphological Component Analysis based Detection of Transient Behaviour in Environmental Vibration for the Watt Balance’. In: 10th International Conference of the European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, euspen, 18th-22nd May 2008, Kongresshaus Zurich

Zhang, H., Brown, L., Blunt, L. and Barrans, S. (2008) ‘An investigation on generation of debris at the stem cement interface’. In: 8th World Biomaterials Congress, 28th May -1st June 2008, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Blunt, L., Bills, P., Jiang, X. and Chakrabarty, G. (2008) ‘Improvement in the assessment of wear of total knee replacements using coordinate-measuring machine techniquesProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine , 222 (3), pp. 309-318. ISSN 0954-4119

Brown, L. and Blunt, L. (2008) ‘Surface Metrology for the Automotive Industry’. In: Inaugural Automotive Researchers' Conference, 8-9 January 2008, University of Huddersfield

Bills, P., Blunt, L. and Chakrabarty, G. (2008) ‘Developing techniques for the dimensional assessment of true clinical wear in retrieved total joint replacements’. In: Materials for Improved Wear Resistance of Total Artificial Joints. Eibar, Spain: Tekniker. pp. 109-118. ISBN 978-84-932064-4-4

Zhang, H., Brown, L., Blunt, L. and Barrans, S. (2008) ‘Influence of femoral stem surface finish on the apparent static shear strength at the stem–cement interfaceJournal of Mechanical Behaviour of Biomedical Materials , 1 (1), pp. 96-104. ISSN 1751-6161

2007

Zhang, H., Brown, L., Blunt, L. and Barrans, S. (2007) ‘Generation of fretting wear debris at the stem-cement interface in total hip replacement’. In: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2007: CEARC’07. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 1-4.

Zhang, H., Brown, L. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘A better understanding of the surface topography at the stem-cement interface ’. In: ASME/STLE International Joint Tribology Conference, 22nd-24th October 2007, San Diego, California, USA

Bills, P., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2007) ‘Development of a technique for accurately determining clinical wear in explanted total hip replacementsWear , 263 (7-12), pp. 1133-1137. ISSN 0043-1648

Li, T., Jiang, X., Blunt, L., Scott, P. and Yao, S. (2007) ‘The Design and Use of F1 Softgauges for Validating Surface Metrology Software’. In: The 8th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII-2007), 24-27 September 2007, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Yao, S., Barrans, S. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘Incompressible and Analytical Study on a Basic Model of Out-Pump Type Complex Journal Gas Bearings’. In: The 8th International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments (ISMTII-2007), 24-27 September 2007, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Jiang, X., Scott, P., Whitehouse, D. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘Paradigm shifts in surface metrology. Part I. Historical philosophyProceedings of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences , 463 (2085), pp. 2049-2070. ISSN 1364-5021

Brown, L., Zhang, H., Blunt, L. and Barrans, S. (2007) ‘Reproduction of fretting wear at the stem—cement interface in total hip replacementProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine , 221 (8), pp. 963-971. ISSN 0954-4119

Rosen, B. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘Adaptive evaluation of a time and information efficient surface sampling’. In: The 11th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces (Met & Props 2007), 17th-20th July 2007, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK

Xie, F., Xiao, S., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2007) ‘Component-based software framework for surface topography visualization and analysis’. In: The 11th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering, 17th-20th July 2007, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK

Zhang, H., Brown, L. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘Understanding initiation and propagation of fretting wear on the femoral stem in total hip replacement’. In: The 11th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces (Met & Props 2007), 17th-20th July 2007, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK

Li, T., Blunt, L., Jiang, X., Scott, P. and Xiao, X. (2007) ‘On the accuracy of roughness parameters’. In: The 11th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces (Met & Props 2007), 17th-20th July 2007, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK

Blunt, L (2007) ‘The role of Tribology and Metrology in the Latest Development of Bio-materials’. In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Tribology (ECOTRIB). Ljubljana, Slovenia: Slovensko društvo za tribologijo. pp. 465-482.

Li, T., Jiang, X., Blunt, L., Scott, P. and Xiao, S. (2007) ‘Comparison on F2 softgauges for surface texture’. In: 1st European Conference on Tribology (ECOTRIB), June 12-15, 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Wang, K., Jiang, X., Martin, H. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘Light-beam scanning interferometry for on-line ultra precision surface measurement’. In: 7th International Conference of the European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology 2007. Proceedings. Bedford: Euspen. pp. 302-305. ISBN 978-0-9553082-2-2

Ramasawmy, H. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘Investigation of the effects of electrochemical polishing on EDM surfacesInternational Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management , 31 (11-12), pp. 1135-1147. ISSN 1368-2148

Blunt, L., Jiang, X., Leach, R., Harris, P. and Scott, P. (2007) ‘The development of user-friendly software measurement standards for surface topography software assessmentWear , 264 (5-6), pp. 389-393. ISSN 0043-1648

Blunt, L (2007) ‘Next Generation Surface Metrology: Structured and Freeform Surfaces’. In: Asia Pacific Conference on Optics Manufacture 2007 (APCOM2007), 11 -13 January 2007, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Charlton, P. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘Surface and form metrology of polished “freeform” biological surfacesWear , 264 (5-6), pp. 394-399. ISSN 0043-1648

Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Scott, P. (2007) ‘A New Approach to Surface Metrology - Structured Surfaces’. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of the European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology (euspen) - Bremen, Germany, 2007. Bremen: euspen. pp. 254-257. ISBN 978-0-9553082-2-2

Jiang, X., Scott, P., Whitehouse, D. and Blunt, L. (2007) ‘Paradigm shifts in surface metrology. Part II. The current shiftProceedings of the Royal Society, A , 463 (2085), pp. 2071-2099. ISSN 1364-5021

2006

Zhang, H., Brown, L. and Blunt, L. (2006) ‘Investigation of characteristics at the stem cement interface in total hip replacement’. In: Proceedings of Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference 2006: CEARC’06. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 1-6.

Bills, P., Blunt, L. and Jiang, X. (2006) ‘A metrology solution for determination of form deviation and wear in orthopaedic joint replacements’. In: 33rd Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Tuesday 12th - Friday 15th September 2006, Trinity and all Saints College, Leeds

Charlton, P. and Blunt, L. (2006) ‘CNC manufacturing to improve hip and knee joint replacement lifetimes ’. In: ICMR 2006, 5th - 7th September 2006, Liverpool, UK

Blunt, L., Bills, P., Hardaker, C. and Pantelis, C. (2006) ‘The use of CMM techniques to assess the wear of total knee replacements ’. In: Nodtrib 2006 - The 12th Nordic Symposium on Tribology. Lyngby, Denmark: DTU Tryk. p. 61. ISBN 87-90416-17-1

Blunt, L (2006) ‘Metrology of MST and microfluidic devices using white light interferometery and novel surface metrology characterisation’. In: Micro and Nano Technology (MNT) Measurement Club, 1-day meeting, The Measurement and Characterisation of MST Devices (MEMS), Monday 27 February 2006, National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, Teddington, Middlesex TW11 0LW

Leach, R., Chetwynd, D., Blunt, L., Haycocks, J., Harris, P., Jackson, K., Oldfield, S. and Reilly, S. (2006) ‘Recent advances in traceable nanoscale dimension and force metrology in the UKMeasurement Science and Technology , 17, pp. 467-476. ISSN 0957-0233

Jiang, X., Lin, D., Blunt, L., Zhang, W. and Zhang, L. (2006) ‘Investigation of some critical aspects of on-line surface measurement by a wavelength-division-multiplexing technique Measurement Science and Technology , 17, pp. 483-487. ISSN 0957-0233

Xiao, S., Xie, F., Blunt, L., Scott, P. and Jiang, X. (2006) ‘Feature extraction for structured surface based on surface networks and edge detectionMaterials Science in Semiconductor Processing , 9 (1-3), pp. 210-214. ISSN 1369-8001

Abouelatta, O., El-Bediwi, A., Sakrana, A., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2006) ‘Surface integrity of provisional resin materialsMeasurement Science and Technology , 17 (3), pp. 584-591. ISSN 0957-0233

2005

Murphy, C. and Blunt, L. (2005) ‘Surface texture of hip implantsAdvanced Materials & Processes , 163 (10).

Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Scott, P. (2005) ‘Advances in micro and nano-scale surface metrology Key Engineering Materials , 295-296, pp. 431-436. ISSN 1013-9826

Blunt, L., Armstrong, J. and Blunt, R. (2005) ‘The use of advanced 3D surface metrology for the characterisation of epi-wafers and Si structuresPhysica Status Solidi (c) , 2 (4), pp. 1251-1258. ISSN 1610-1634

Zeng, W., Jiang, X., Scott, P. and Blunt, L. (2005) ‘Metrological characteristics of complex wavelet transform for surface topography analysis’. In: 5th euspen International Conference, 9th-12th May 2005, Montpellier, France

Blunt, L., Leach, R., Scott, P., Harris, P., Xiao, S., Li, T., Parkin, G. and Jiang, X. (2005) ‘Development of “softgauges” for surface profile metrology’. In: 5th Euspen International Conference, 9th-12th May 2005, Montpellier, France

Lin, D., Jiang, X., Zhang, W., Zhang, L. and Blunt, L. (2005) ‘Multiplexed fibre interferometer and its application on surface measurement’. In: 5th euspen International Conference, 9th-12th May 2005, Montpellier, France

Blunt, L., Xiao, S., Jiang, X. and Scott, P. (2005) ‘Geometrical characterisation of MST and microfluidic devices using novel surface metrology techniques’. In: 5th euspen International Conference, 9th-12th May 2005, Montpellier, France

Charlton, P., Blunt, L. and Beaucamp, A. (2005) ‘Machining of "freeform" biological surfaces on an advanced 7-axis CNC polishing machine’. In: International Conference on Precision Machining, ICPM 2005, 2005, Vienna, Austria

Bills, P., Brown, L., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2005) ‘A metrology solution for the orthopaedic industryJournal of Physics , Series 13, pp. 316-319. ISSN 1742-6596

Rosen, B., Blunt, L. and Thomas, T. (2005) ‘On in-vivo skin topography metrology and replication techniquesJournal of Physics: conference series , 13, pp. 325-329. ISSN 1742-6596

2004

Blunt, L., Jiang, X., Xiao, S. and Scott, P. (2004) ‘The use of interferometry and image analysis techniques for metrology of MST devices’. In: 8th International Symposium on Measurement and Quality Control in Production, 12th-15th October, 2004, Erlangen, Germany

Bills, P., Blunt, L. and Hardaker, C. (2004) ‘The use of CMM techniques to assess the functionality of total knee replacements’. In: 8th International Symposium on Measurement and Quality Control in Production. Dusseldorf, Germany: VDI Verlag GmbH. pp. 73-80. ISBN 3-18-091860-8

Howell, J., Blunt, L., Doyle, C., Hooper, R., Lee, A. and Ling, R. (2004) ‘In Vivo surface wear mechanisms of femoral components of cemented total hip arthroplasties the influence of wear mechanism on clinical outcomeThe Journal of Arthroplasty , 19 (1), pp. 88-101. ISSN 0883-5403

Ma, J., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2004) ‘Complex wavelet transform for extraction of morphological features on surface topography’. In: euspen 4th International Conference, 30th May-3rd June 2004, Glasgow

Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2004) ‘Third generation wavelet for the extraction of morphological features from micro and nano scalar surfacesWear , 257, pp. 1235-1240. ISSN 0043-1648

Blunt, L. and Thomas, T. (2004) ‘Wear ranking of hard on hard bearings for prosthetic hip jointsWear , 257, pp. 1208-1212. ISSN 0043-1648

2003

Liu, X., Cheng, K., Webb, D., Jiang, X., Xiao, S., Longstaff, A., Widiyarto, H., Blunt, L. and Ford, D. (2003) ‘Experimental investigation of the machined surface waviness, vibrations and cutting forces in peripheral millingKey Engineering Materials, Advances in Abrasive Technology VI , pp. 213-218. ISSN 1013-9826

Liu, X., Cheng, K., Webb, D., Longstaff, A., Widiyarto, M., Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Ford, D. (2003) ‘Prediction and compensation of machining error in ball end milling for microscale curved surface’. In: EUSPEN International Topical Conference, 19 - 20 May 2003, Aachen, Germany , p. 181 -184

Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Scott, P. (2003) ‘Advances in micro and nano-scale surface metrology’. In: ISMTII 2003, The Sixth International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments, 28 November - 1 December 2003, Academic Building, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2003) ‘Surface analysis techniques to optimise the performance of CNC machine tools’. In: Laser Metrology and Machine Performance VI. Southampton: WIT Press. pp. 107-117. ISBN 9781853129902

Liu, X., Cheng, K., Webb, D., Longstaff, A., Widiyarto, M., Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Ford, D. (2003) ‘Investigation of the cutting force coefficients in ball-end milling’. In: Laser Metrology and Machine Performance VI. Southampton: WIT Press. pp. 45-54. ISBN 9781853129902

Blunt, L., Jiang, X. and Scott, P. (2003) ‘Future developments in surface metrology’. In: Advanced Techniques for Assessment Surface Topography. London: Kogan Page. pp. 339-347. ISBN 1903996112

2002

Garnaes, J., Kofod, N., Kuhle, A., Nielson, C., Dirscherl, K. and Blunt, L. (2002) ‘Calibration of step heights and roughness measurements with atomic force microscopesPrecision Engineering , 27 (1), pp. 91-98. ISSN 0141-6359

Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Scott, P. (2002) ‘Fundamental research into the filtration of surface texture in geometric product specification and verification ’. In: 3rd CIRP International Seminar on Intelligent Computation in Manufacturing Engineering - ICME 2002, 3rd-5th July 2002, Ischia, Italy

Ramasawmy, H. and Blunt, L. (2002) ‘3D surface topography assessment of the effect of different electrolytes during electrochemical polishing of EDM surfacesInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture , 42 (5), pp. 567-574. ISSN 0890-6955

Scott, P., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2002) ‘An overview of the relationship between approximation theory and filtration’. In: Algorithms for approximation IV : the proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Algorithms for Approximation, held at the University of Huddersfield, July 2001. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 188-196. ISBN 1862180407

2001

Blunt, L. and Stout, K. (2001) ‘8th International Conference on Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces26–29 April 2000, University of Huddersfield, UKInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture , 41 (13-14), pp. 1845-1845. ISSN 0890-6955

Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Stout, K. (2001) ‘Application of the lifting wavelet to rough surfacesPrecision Engineering , 25 (2), pp. 83-89. ISSN 0141-6359

Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2001) ‘Advances in surface analysis technology’. In: Laser Metrology and Machine Performance V. Southampton, UK: WIT. pp. 247-258. ISBN 9781853128905

Wang, K., Blunt, L., Mao, L., Chao, C. and Stout, K. (2001) ‘The effects of operational parameters on surface characteristics of the ballised materialInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture , 41 (13-14), pp. 2071-2078. ISSN 0890-6955

Stout, K. and Blunt, L. (2001) ‘A contribution to the debate on surface classifications—random, systematic, unstructured, structured and engineeredInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture , 41 (13-14), pp. 2039-2044. ISSN 0890-6955

Blunt, L. and Rosen, B. (2001) ‘Topography instrumentation’. In: Metrology and Properties of Engineering Surfaces. London, UK: Springer. pp. 83-112. ISBN 978-0-412-80640-7

Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Stout, K. (2001) ‘Lifting wavelet for three-dimensional surface analysisInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture , 41 (13-14), pp. 2163-2169. ISSN 0890-6955

Xiao, S., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2001) ‘Multi-Scalar features extraction for the bioengineering nanoscalar surfaces on the basis of the wavelet analysis’. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments ISMTII 2001. : National Institute of Standards. pp. 153-159.

Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2001) ‘Morphological assessment of orthopaedic implants using multiscalar waveletsWear , 250, pp. 217-221. ISSN 0043-1648

Xiao, S., Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Scott, P. (2001) ‘Comparison study of the biorthogonal spline wavelet filtering for areal rough surfacesInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture , 41 (13-14), pp. 2103-2111. ISSN 08906955

2000

Stout, K. and Blunt, L. (2000) Three dimensional surface topography . London, UK: Penton. ISBN 1857180267

Jiang, X., Blunt, L. and Stout, K. (2000) ‘Development of a lifting wavelet representation for surface characterizationProceedings of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences , 456 (2001), pp. 2283-2313. ISSN 13645021

Ziao, S., Jiang, X. and Blunt, L. (2000) ‘Three-dimensional functional parameters for characterization of the bio-engineering surface at different stages of wear’. In: 1st International Conference on Tribology in Environmental Design 2000 - The Characteristics of Interacting Surfaces. London, UK: Professional Engineering Publishing. pp. 155-161. ISBN 1-86058-266-4

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