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Portrait of Professor Paul Thomas Professor Paul Thomas

d.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk | 01484 478267



Biography

Qualifications: PhD; Dip. HE Youth and Community Work; BA (Hons); FHEA

I am Professor of Youth and Policy at the University of Huddersfield, where I have worked since 1999.

I am a professionally qualified youth and community worker. Prior to joining the University, I worked as a regional manager for a national voluntary youth work organisation and as a regional youth policy and campaigns officer for the government’s Commission for Racial Equality. Since joining the School of Education and Professional Development, I have contributed to sociology and social policy teaching at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels, to the professional development of our Youth and Community Work students and have been actively involved in research. My research focuses mainly on state policies around young people and multiculturalism, racism, community cohesion, and the prevention of extremism, and particularly on how ground-level policy-makers and practitioners mediate and enact such state policy agendas.

I have developed my research through a number of past and present funded projects created in collaboration with local government bodies in the north of England, with the research findings creating impact by influencing national and regional policy and practice. I have previously been Principal Investigator on a Prevent-funded action research project into young people’s feelings about ‘identity’, cohesion and segregation in Rochdale, Greater Manchester and on an evaluation of the first year of Prevent activity in Kirklees, West Yorkshire. I was also Co-Investigator on a project examining how local authorities in West Yorkshire had developed the Community Cohesion and Prevent agendas, funded by Local Government Yorkshire and The Humber, and developed in collaboration with colleagues from our School of Human and Helath Sciences.

I have published two full-length books based on this research.’Youth, Multiculturalism and Community Cohesion’ (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011) was shortlisted for the British Sociological Association’s 2012 Phillip Abrams Memorial Prize, and ‘Responding to the Threat of Violent Extremism –Failing to Prevent’ was published by Bloomsbury Aacdemic in 2012. I have also had articles published in leading peer-reviewed journals such as ‘Sociology’, ‘Critical Social Policy’, ‘The Journal of Youth Studies’ and the ‘British Journal of Politics and International Relations’. Additionally, in 2009 I was invited to give evidence at Westminster to the House of Commons Select Committee Inquiry hearing on Prevent, and I have appeared on BBC 2 TV’s ‘Newsnight’ and BBC Radio 4’s ‘Analysis to discuss my research, alongside contributions to a number of national newspaper and magazine articles. I currently co-ordinate the School’s Social Cohesion Research Group and serve as Deputy Director of Research.

Research & Scholarship

I am currently Principal Investigator on a local authority-funded action research project around community perceptions of community cohesion and of the impacts of policy work around cohesion in Kirklees, West Yorkshire.This work involves key front-line staff, supported by myself and my colleague Dr. Pete Sanderson, carrying out qualitative research activity during their normal work operation into feelings and perceptions within local communities, an exercise that will be carried out at regular intervals over an 18 month period. (2013/15)

I am also currently Joint Principal Investigator (with Dr. Joel Busher, School of Human and Health Sciences) on a project funded by Kirklees and Calderdale local authorites that investigates feelings and dispositions towards ethnic diversity and community in mainly white, marginalised areas.This is a mixed methods approach, involving household surveys, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. (2013/14)

I am currently working with Professor Ted Cantle (ICOCO) to provide funded consultancy to and advocacy for The Think Project,a Soth Wales-based anti-extremism educational project that targets their work particularly at young people vulnerable to far-right racist ideologies and organisations that promote it.

I continue to research and write about  state policy attempts to promote community cohesion and integration and about the Prevent counter-terrorism policy agenda, as well as about Youth Work in general.

Publications and Other Research Outputs

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ISBN 9781412946049 ', 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => undef, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '384', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => '9781412946049', 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20070000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => '15', 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '15', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => 'Published in association with The Open University', 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'H1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '33', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '22', 'datestamp_day' => '7', 'abstract' => '‘Community Cohesion’ has become the most important way of understanding the state of ‘race relations’ in Britain today, but what does it actually mean? The term Community Cohesion first appeared following riots in Oldham, Burnley and Bradford in the north of England in the summer of 2001. It has since become the main way that central and local government talks about relationships between different ethnic groups, and the main focus for policies designed to create better ethnic relationships. Despite this, so far there is very little actual evidence of what ‘Community Cohesion’ really means to youth workers and others working with different communities at a local level. This article is based on research carried out with youth workers in Oldham. The aim of the research was to find out what ‘Community Cohesion’ means to youth workers, and how it has altered youth work practice.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => 'Cantle, T. (2001) Community Cohesion – A Report of the Independent Review Team, London: Home Office CRE (1999) Open Talk, Open Minds, London: CRE Davies, B. (1999) A History of the Youth Service in England and Wales (2 volumes), Leicester: Youth Work Press Kundnani, A. (2001) ‘From Oldham to Bradford: the violence of the violated’ in The Three Faces of British Racism, London: Institute of Race Relations Putnam, R. (2000) Bowling Alone- The Collapse and Revival of American Community, London: Touchstone Smith, M. (1982) Creators not Consumers: Rediscovering Social Education, London: NAYC Thomas, P. 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Central to community cohesion has been a focus on ‘contact’ as a way of overcoming ‘parallel lives’, and the need for communities to take responsibility within processes of contact and dialogue. The political focus, echoing past assimilationist discourses, has been on an alleged lack of integration on the part of Muslims; by contrast little attention is paid to how white working class young people view the contact central to cohesion strategies. 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programme since its inception in 2006, and argues that it has been significantly flawed and counter-productive from the start through its partial, monocultural focus on Muslims as an entire and undifferentiated ‘suspect’ community. This focus on, and interference in, British Muslim communities may well have fuelled precisely the separation from and suspicion of the state and wider society which Prevent claimed to address, fatally damaging the flow of human intelligence vital to countering domestic terrorism. This approach has provoked resentment within Muslim communities and ‘resource envy’ from other communities, so perpetuating exactly the sort of divisive policy approaches to ethnic identity which the post 2001 riots analysis of ‘community cohesion’ identified. The chapter suggests that Prevent, for those reasons, has been contradictory and damaging to parallel policy attempts to promote ‘cohesion’ and that the 2011 Prevent Review’s attempts to differentiate Prevent and Cohesion made things worse, not better. The Chapter argues that Prevent is a fatally damaged and ineffective programme that needs to be allowed to die a natural death. Instead, the only meaningful approach to ‘preventing violent extremism’ amongst young people must be one of promoting genuine democratic engagement and political debate amongst young people through processes of ‘contact’ that enable real learning and understanding of difference within society.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '30', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '56', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2014', 'status_changed_hour' => '13', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '18679' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1380788927', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'eprintid' => '18679', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '10', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => 'British Sociological Association Annual Conference', 'date_type' => 'completed', 'pres_type' => 'paper', 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2013', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_vnd.ms-powerpoint.png;/18679/1/Paul_Thomas__BSA_2013.ppt', 'status_changed_second' => '36', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'The Silent Majority? 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Too often, ‘White’ identity in Britain has been portrayed as a homogenous norm needing no theorisation or exploration, yet at the same time media and political discourses around the racialised fears and concerns of White people, especially the ‘White working class’, have been influential on shifts in the content and priorities of state approaches to ‘race relations’. This can be seen most clearly in the post-2001 shift towards cohesion and integration, a re-naming and re-balancing of multiculturalism to reflect White concerns, yet post-2001 policy enactment around cohesion/integration and ‘Prevent’ continues to ignore engagement with the identifications and concerns of many White communities. This paper explores this relationship between ‘White’ identity and British multiculturalism, arguing that the inexorable growth of ‘Englishness’, possibly to be hastened by a Scottish Independence vote in 2014, makes it all the more urgent that multiculturalist policy and practice engages directly with White English identifications and perceptions.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '30', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '37', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2013', 'status_changed_hour' => '8', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '9566' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => 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Since the 2001 disturbances, the UK has controversially prioritised 'Community Cohesion', with the accusation that this new direction represents the 'death of multiculturalism'. Drawing on empirical evidence from a project established to work with the racist views of White children in Leeds, and from youth work in Oldham, it explores how such work positively disrupts the public realm and re-thinks the previous framework of 'anti-racism'. It is suggested that anti-racist educational policies and practice have created a moral code which young people can either subscribe to or be punished by and that by failing to engage within a framework of inclusion and openness with young people who express racist views, educationalists risk alienating them from a positive recasting of those views. The article argues that the failure of past policies as one form of multiculturalism has promoted the alienation of those most in need of intervention regarding racism, and that 'Community Cohesion', as actually practiced at ground level, can offer a productive way forward to engage with racism within more intersectional understandings of youth identity and its formation. 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This article explores what Community Cohesion means to welfare practitioners in Oldham, one of the affected towns. Academic discussion of Community Cohesion has been largely hostile, focusing on the language and assumptions of the government reports. While highlighting important issues, these debates have been virtually free of empirical evidence on how Community Cohesion is actually being understood and operationalised by welfare practitioners. Drawing on in-depth research with youth workers in Oldham, I argue that the Community Cohesion analysis of the state of race relations is largely accepted, and supported, by those youth workers, and that it has enabled a significant shift in the assumptions and operations of their professional practice. Within this ‘modal shift’ in practice is a moving away from the language and assumptions of ‘anti-racism’, as it has been largely understood and operationalised by youth workers on the ground, towards what I argue can be seen as ‘critical multi-culturalism’', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1017/S0047279407001080', 'volume' => '36', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => 'Alexander, C. (2004), ‘Imagining the Asian gang: ethnicity, masculinity and youth after “the riots”’, Critical Social Policy, 24: 4, 526–49. Back, L., Keith, M., Khan, A., Shukra, K. and Solomos, J. (2002), ‘New Labour’s white heart: politics, multiculturalism and the return of assimilationism’, Political Quarterly, 73: 4, 445–54. 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Commission for Racial Equality (2001), A Place for Us All – Learning from Bradford, Oldham and Burnley, London: CRE. Davies, B. (1999), A History of the Youth Service in England and Wales, Leicester: YouthWork Press. Denham, J. (2001), Building Cohesive Communities – A Report of the Inter-Departmental Ministerial Group on Public Order and Community Cohesion, London:HomeOffice. Department for Education and Science (1967), Immigrants and the Youth Service: Report of a Committee for the Youth Service Development Council (Hunt Report), London: HMSO. Department for Education and Science (1982), Experience and Participation: Report of the Review Group on the Youth Service in England (commonly known as the ThompsonReport), London: HMSO. Etzioni, A. (1995), The Spirit of Community: Rights, Responsibilities and the Communitarian Agenda, London: Fontana. Forrest, R. and Kearns, A. (2000), ‘Social Cohesion, social capital and the neighbourhood’, Paper presented to ESRC ‘Cities Programme Neighbourhoods’, Colloquium, Liverpool, 5–6 June. Giddens, A. (1999), The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy, Cambridge: Polity. Gilroy, P. (2002) (3rd edition with new Introduction), There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation, London: Routledge. Goodhart, D. (2004), ‘Discomfort of strangers’, The Guardian, 24 and 25 February. Greener, I. (2002), ‘Agency, social theory and social policy’, Critical Social Policy, 22: 4, 688–705. Gunaratnam, Y. (2003), Researching ‘Race’ and Ethnicity, London: Sage. Hall, S. (2000), ‘Conclusion: “The multicultural question”’, in B. Hesse (ed.), Un/Settled Multicuturalisms, London: Zed Books. Hewitt, R. (1996), Routes of Racism – The Social Basis of Racist Action, Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books. HomeOffice (2003),CommunityCohesion Pathfinder Programme:The First SixMonths, London: Home Office. Home Office (2005), Improving Opportunity, Strengthening Society: The Government’s Strategy to Increase Race Equality, London:HomeOffice. Kalra, V. S. (2002), ‘Extended view: riots, race and reports: Denham, Cantle, Oldham and Burnley Inquiries’, Sage Race Relations Abstracts, 27: 4, 20–30. Kundnani, A. (2001), ‘From Oldham to Bradford: the violence of the violated’, in The Three Faces of British Racism, London: Institute of Race Relations.Kundnani, A. (2002), The Death of Multiculturalism, London: Institute of Race Relations, accessed via: http://www.irr.org.uk/2002/april/ak000001.html. Levitas, R. (1998), The Inclusive Society? Social Exclusion andNew Labour, Basingstoke: Palgrave. Local Government Association (2002), Guidance on Community Cohesion, London: Local Government Association. May, S. (ed.) (1999), Critical Multiculturalism – Rethinking Multicultural and Anti-Racist Education, London: Falmer. Macdonald, I. 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(2004), ‘Our common values are brought about by a clash of cultures’, The Guardian, 26 February. Smith, M. (1982), Creators Not Consumers, London:NAYC. Smith, M. (2003), Transforming Youth Work, accessed via: www.infed.org.uk/youthwork/ transforming.htm. Solomos, J. (2003) (3rd Edition) Race and Racism in Britain, Basingstoke: Palgrave. Thomas, P. (2002), ‘Youth work, racist behaviour and young people – education or blame?’, Scottish Journal of Youth Issues, 4: 49–66. Thomas, P. (2003), ‘Young people,CommunityCohesion, and the role of youthwork in building Social Capital’, Youth and Policy, 81: 21–43. Webster, C. (1995), Youth Crime, Victimisation and Racial Harassment: The Keighley Survey, Bradford: Bradford College. Williams, L. (1988), Partial Surrender: Race and Resistance in the Youth Service, London: Falmer. Worley, C. (2005), ‘“It’s not about race, it’s about the community”: New Labour and “Community Cohesion”’,Critical Social Policy, 25: 4, 483–496. Yuval-Davis, N. (1997), ‘Ethnicity, gender relations and multiculturalism’, in T. Modood and P.Werbner. (eds), Debating Cultural Hybridity, London: Zed Books.', 'date_year' => '2007', 'status_changed_hour' => '18', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '8949' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1289475932', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'eprintid' => '8949', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '11', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => 'Emailed author for post print SJT 4/11/10', 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2010', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/8949/1/Paul_Thomas_Failed_and_Friendless_PVEpdf.pdf|/style/images/fileicons/application_msword.png;/8949/2/Paul_Thomas_Failed_and_Friendless_PVEWord.doc', 'status_changed_second' => '17', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Failed and Friendless: The UK's ‘Preventing Violent Extremism’ Programme', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/89/49', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'restricted', 'lastmod_minute' => '44', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856X.2010.00422.x', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '11', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '6', 'publisher' => 'Wiley', 'pagerange' => '442-458', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2010', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'The British Journal of Politics & International Relations', 'lastmod_second' => '49', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '1467856X', 'datestamp_hour' => '14', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '17', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 8, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '8949', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20100800', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => '3', 'rev_number' => '14', 'edit_lock_user' => '6', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'JA', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '53', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '4', 'datestamp_day' => '4', 'abstract' => 'This article suggests that Preventing Violent Extremism (PVE), the government's ‘hearts and minds’ response to the threat of domestic Islamist terrorism within the wider CONTEST strategy, has been exposed as both failed and friendless by growing political and academic scrutiny. PVE's monocultural focus on Muslims is in stark contradiction to the overriding policy goal of community cohesion, while its implementation has provoked accusations both of surveillance and of engineering ‘value changes’ within Muslim communities. Local conflicts relating to the operationalisation of PVE result from political disagreement over the balance between community engagement and policing within the Labour government, and these problems leave the future of this key anti-terrorism policy area unclear.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '53', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'doi:10.1111/j.1467-856X.2010.00422.x', 'volume' => '12', 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2010', 'status_changed_hour' => '14', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '383' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => 'Community Cohesion; multiculturalism; youth work; anti-racism', 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'eprintid' => '383', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '1', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2007', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/383/1/ThomasImpactScan.pdf', 'status_changed_second' => '58', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'The impact of community cohesion on youth work: A case study from Oldham ', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/03/83', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'public', 'lastmod_minute' => '44', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://www.nya.org.uk/Templates/internal.asp?NodeID=92678', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '12', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '6', 'publisher' => undef, 'pagerange' => '41-60', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'Youth and Policy', 'lastmod_second' => '52', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '0262-9798', 'datestamp_hour' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => undef, 'note' => '© The National Youth Agency 2006', 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => undef, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '383', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20060000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => '93', 'rev_number' => '7', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'H1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '33', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '22', 'datestamp_day' => '20', 'abstract' => 'Initiated by the 2001 disturbances in Oldham, Burnley and Bradford, 'community cohesion' offers a critique of the apparently negative race relations in many of Britain's towns and cities. Whilst highly contested, this concept has become a policy reality So what does it mean for Youth Work? Drawing on empirical evidence from Oldham, this paper examines the impact of community cohesion on Youth Work policy and practice. It argues that, contrary to the largely hostile academic critique, community cohesion has been positively understood and supported by youth workers. Furthermore, community cohesion has enabled a 'modal shift' in youth work towards forms of practice rooted in the history and traditions of youth work, and has aI/owed youth work agencies to take pivotal roles in policy responses to ethnic segregation and tension. Inherent in this modal shift of practice is a critique of 'anti-racism', as it has been understood and practised by many welfare professionals.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => 'Scanned copy from ILL', 'referencetext' => 'Alexander (2004) Imagining the Asian Gang: Ethnicity, Masculinity and Youth after ‘the riots’, Critical Social Policy Vol24 (4): pp526-549 Back, L, Keith, M, Khan, A, Shukra, K and Solomos, J (2002) New Labour’s white heart: Politics, multiculturalism and the return of assimilationism, Political Quarterly Vol. pp 445-454 Bagguley, P and Hussain, Y (2003) Conflict and Cohesion – Constructions of ‘Community around the 2001 Riots, Paper to Communities Conference, 18-20 Sept 2003 Bhavnani, R (2001) Rethinking interventions in racism, Stoke-on –Trent: Trentham Books Burnett, J (2004) Community, cohesion and the state, Race and Class 45:3, pg1-18 Byrne, D (1999) Social Exclusion, Oxford: Blackwell Cantle, T (2001) Community Cohesion - A Report of the Independent Review Team’ London: Home Office Cantle, T (2004) The End of Parallel Lives? The Report of the Community Cohesion Panel, London: Home Office Cantle, T (2006) Challenging Local Communities to Change Oldham, Coventry: Institute of Community Cohesion Chauhan, V (1990) Beyond Steel Bands ‘n’ Samosas’ Leicester: National Youth Bureau Clarke, T (2001) Burnley Task Force report on the disturbances in June 2001, Burnley Borough Council: Burnley Community Relations Council (1976) Seen But Not Served, London: CRC Commission for Racial Equality (1999) Open Talk, Open Minds, London: CRE Commission for Racial Equality (2001) A Place for Us All- Learning from Bradford, Oldham and Burnley’ London: CRE. Dadzie, S (1997) Blood, Sweat and Tears’ Leicester: Youth Work Press. Davies, B (1999) A history of the Youth Service in England and Wales, Leicester: Youth Work Press. Davies, B (2005) Youth Work: A Manifesto for our times, Youth and Policy no.88, pp5-27 Denham, J (2001) Building Cohesive Communities - A Report of the Inter- Departmental Ministerial Group on Public Order and Community Cohesion’ London: Home Office Department for Education and Science (1967) Immigrants and the Youth Service: Report of a committee for the Youth Service Development Council (the Hunt Report), London: HMSO Department for Education (1982) Experience and Participation: Report of the review group on the Youth Service in England (commonly known as the Thompson Report), London: HMSO Etzioni, A (1995) The spirit of community: rights, responsibilities and the communitarian agenda, London: Fontana Flick, U (2002) An introduction to Qualitative Research, London: Sage Green, R and Pinto, R (2005) Youth related Community Cohesion policy and practice: the divide between rhetoric and reality, Youth and Policy no. 88 pp45-61 Greener, I (2002) Agency, social theory and social policy, Critical Social Policy Vol.22 (4) pp 688-705 Gunaratnam, Y (2003) Researching ‘race’ and ethnicity, London: Sage Hall, S (2000) Conclusion: The multicultural question in Hesse, B (ed) Un/Settled Multicuturalisms, London: Zed Books Hewitt, R (1996) Routes of Racism – the social basis of racist action, Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books Hills, J, Le Grand, J and Piachaud, D (eds.)(2002) Understanding social exclusion, Oxford: Oxford University Press Home Office (2003) Community Cohesion Pathfinder Programme: The first six months, London: Home Office Home Office (2005) Improving Opportunity, Strengthening Society: The Government’s Strategy to increase Race Equality and Community Cohesion, London: Home Office Jeffs, T and Smith, M (eds.) (1988) Welfare and Youth Work practice, Basingstoke: Macmillan Kalra, V.S. (2002) Extended View: Riots, Race and Reports: Denham, Cantle, Oldham and Burnley Inquiries, Sage Race Relations Abstracts, Vol. 27(4): pp20-30 Kundnani, A (2001), From Oldham to Bradford: the violence of the violated, in The Three faces of British Racism, London: Institute of Race Relations Kundnani, A (2002) The death of multiculturalism, London: Institute of Race Relations accessed via: http://www.irr.org.uk/2002/april/ak000001.html Kvale, S (1996) Inter Views: An introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing, London: Sage Levitas, R (1998) The Inclusive Society? 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The new political realities in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have inevitably shifted attention towards Englishness, to what it means and how much people living in England identify with it, in comparison to the over-arching ‘British’ identity now perceived to be under serious threat. Debates about national identity have the dangerous potential to become racialised and exclusionary, especially at a time when a far-right party, the British National Party, has made significant political advances, The current ‘conversations’ about Englishness have also been triggered by mainstream political and media discourses questioning the national identity and loyalty of non-White British (and English) citizens at a very basic level. 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In particular, the monocultural focus on entire, ‘suspect’ British Muslim communities has arguably hardened feelings of antagonism towards the British state and wider society amongst sections of those communities, damaging precisely the flows of human intelligence needed to combat the Islamist terror threat, whilst failing to actually engage educationally with the various drivers of radicalisation. This Prevent approach has created envy amongst other communities at the significant resources directed at Muslim communities, whilst ignoring the growing right-wing/racist terror threat symbolised by the British connections to Anders Brevik. All this has shown Prevent to be in fundamental contradiction to the analysis and concerns of the parallel policy agenda of community cohesion/ integration. The Chapter argues that the Prevent Review of 2011, which was designed to differentiate the two policy programmes, has actually down-played but exacerbated their tensions. Instead, the Chapter argues, Prevent needs to develop a synergy with cohesion work, basing approaches to preventing terrorism or attraction towards it on educational programmes of cross-community contact and meaningful democratic participation and engagement of young people.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '30', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '57', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2014', 'status_changed_hour' => '15', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '21238' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 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There is evidence to support the notion that many young British people, particularly in areas of significant ethnic physical segregation, favour distinct and racialised identifications, although the positional and situational nature of youth identification is sometimes under-stated. This paper draws on research techniques based on word association, carried out in Oldham and Rochdale, two towns in Greater Manchester often portrayed as epitomising ethnic segregation. The research provides some evidence regarding ways in which young people view the ‘other’ in relation to their self-identification, and also how they perceive their town and area. The research suggests that the factors structuring the development of identifications and categorizations are complex and multi-layered, but that, although there is evidence of negative views of ‘out groups’ held by both white and muslim young people, the latter group have more positive place attachments, and attitudes towards multi-culturalism. The findings suggest that the context in which contact between groups takes place may be important for the success of enhanced contact as a strategy.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '1442', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '41', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => 'DOI:10.1080/13676261.2014.901491', 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2014', 'status_changed_hour' => '15', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '19790' => { 'funders' => 'The National Lottery', 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => 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In particular, it argues that anti-racism is simply not working with the young people it really needs to work with. The paper provides evidence that youth workers have been disempowered by understandings of anti-racist policy and practice, and that the same policies may well, unintentionally, be having a negative affect on the most marginalised white young people. The paper argues that this may well be due to ‘deficit’ understandings of such white young people, understandings close to ‘underclass’ pathology. The paper was conceived before the events of summer 2001, which saw violent clashes involving white and Asian young people, and the Police, in several towns in the North of England, and violent incidents directed at Asylum Seekers across the UK, culminating in a racist murder in Sighthill, Glasgow. However, these events can be viewed as all too predictable. They pose fundamental questions of theory and practice for Youth Workers and other educators already working with young people who may support, or even perpetrate, such acts of racist violence. This paper aims to debate these questions by focussing in particular on the findings and lessons of an action research project carried out by the University of Huddersfield, material from which has since been published by the Commission for Racial Equality as ‘Open Talk, Open Minds’ (CRE, 1999). The methodology and findings of this research are discussed below.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => 'Have used authors own version - to replace with pdf if obtained - need to edit doi if there is one, and copyright, and if refereed', 'referencetext' => 'Back, L (1996) New Ethnicities and Urban Culture, London: UCL Press Banks, S (Ed) (1999) Ethical Issues in Youth Work’, London: Routledge Chauhan, V (1990) Beyond Steel Bands ‘n’ Samosas, Leicester: National Youth Bureau Cohen, P and Bains, H.S. (Ed’s) (1988) Multi-Racist Britain, London: Macmillan Commission for Racial Equality (1999) Open Talk Open Minds, London: CRE Commission for Racial Equality (2001a) Racial Attacks and Harassment – Factsheet, London: CRE Commission for Racial Equality (2001b) Young People – Factsheet, London: CRECRC (1977) Seen But Not Served: Black Youth and the Youth Service, London: CRC Dadzie, S (1997) Blood, Sweat and Tears – A Report of the Bede Anti-Racist Detached Youth Work Project, Leicester: Youth Work Press DES (1967) Immigrants and the Youth Service: A Report of a Committee for the Youth Service Development Council (The Hunt Report), London: HMSO Elliot, J (1991) Action Research for Educational Change Buckingham: Open University Press Hazekamp, J.L. and Popple, K. (Ed’s) (1997) Racism in Europe, London: UCL Press Hewitt, R. (1996) Routes of Racism: The Social Basis of Racist Action, Stokeon- Trent: Trentham Books HMSO (1960) The Youth Service in England and Wales (The Albemarle Report) cmnd 992, London: HMSO HMSO (1982) Experience and Participation- Review Group on the Youth Service in England (The Thompson Report), London: HMSO Jeffs, T and Smith, M (Ed’s) (1989) Using Informal Education, Milton Keynes: Open University Jeffs, T and Smith, M (Ed’s) (1990) Young People, Inequality and Youth Work, London: Macmillan Leeds CRC (1986) Racial Harassment in Leeds, 1985-6, Leeds; Leeds CRC Macdonald et al (1989) Murder in the Playground – The Report of the Macdonald Inquiry into Racism and Racial Violence in Manchester Schools, London: Longsight Press MacDonald, R. (Ed) (1997) Youth, the ‘Underclass’, and Social Exclusion, London: Routledge Miles, K (2000) An English Fan Abroad – Euro 2000 and Beyond, Edinburgh: Canongate Modood, T, and Berthoud, R et al (1997) Ethnic Minorities in Britain, London: Policy Studies Institute Morgan, D.L. (1993) Successful Focus Groups - Advancing the State of the Art, London: Sage Murray, C. (1990) The Emerging British Underclass, London: Institute of Economic Affairs National Youth Agency (1997) Professional Endorsement of Qualifying Training in Youth and Community Work, Leicester: National Youth Agency. Schon, D (1983) The Reflective Practitioner, London: Temple Smith Social Exclusion Unit (1999) Bridging the Gap-New Opportunities for 16-18 Year Olds Not in Education, Employment or Training, London: HMSO', 'date_year' => '2002', 'status_changed_hour' => '18', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '9565' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1297423719', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'eprintid' => '9565', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '2', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 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=> 9, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '8951', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20090900', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '13', 'edit_lock_user' => '3483', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'L1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '8', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '9', 'datestamp_day' => '9', 'abstract' => 'Summary This Submission argues that, as it is currently constituted, the Prevent programme is not the most effective way of addressing the undoubted problem of the attraction to violent extremist ideologies of a minority of young people, and that, indeed, there is real likelihood of Prevent having a counter-productive impact through working in contradiction to the overarching policy goals of cohesion and integration. Here, it is argued that there should be less distinction between Prevent and Cohesion, rather than more, in terms of educational interventions with young people. This argument is based on significant primary research around work with young people in West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester, not only around Prevent itself, but also around the impact of community cohesion programmes, the understandings of ‘Identity’ held by young people, and previous attempts to operationalise ‘anti-racist’ educational programmes amongst white young people attracted to violent racist ideologies. This primary research shows Prevent programmes to be working with large numbers of Muslim young people in monocultural settings without effectively engaging with the actual issues and perceptions driving the groundswell of support for extremist ideologies. Not only is this counter to the goals of, and positive evidence around, community cohesion programmes, but it runs the real risk of creating a further ‘backlash’ amongst some alienated white young people. Here, the recent decision to ‘extend’ Prevent to far-right 'extremism' is helpful, but still does not address the root problems of a mis-constructed policy ( ‘Government 'Prevent' strategy widened to combat rightwing racism’ ', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => 'documentation', 'datestamp_minute' => '8', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2009', 'status_changed_hour' => '14', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '22159' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1414686409', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'eprintid' => '22159', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '10', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => undef, 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2014', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/22159/3/ThomasDivorced.pdf|/style/images/fileicons/application_msword.png;/22159/1/Paul_Thomas_Divorced_but_still_cohabiting.docx', 'status_changed_second' => '8', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Divorced but still co-habiting? Britain’s Prevent/Community Cohesion policy tension ', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/02/21/59', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'inpress', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'restricted', 'lastmod_minute' => '31', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/bp.2014.16', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '10', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '30', 'publisher' => 'Palgrave Macmillan', 'pagerange' => undef, 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2014', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'British Politics', 'lastmod_second' => '8', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '1746918X', 'datestamp_hour' => '16', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '8', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => undef, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '22159', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2014', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '10', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20140000', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '16', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '12', 'edit_lock_user' => '6', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'HM', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '31', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '30', 'datestamp_day' => '30', 'abstract' => 'The relationship between Britain’s Prevent programme and wider multiculturalist policies of community cohesion has provoked much discussion but there has been less focus on how this relationship has been experienced at the local operational level. This article utilises available empirical data to analyse the nature of this policy relationship, arguing that Prevent has progressively side-lined and ‘crowded out’ cohesion practice at both the local and national level to the detriment of both counter-terrorism and community relations. Although questioning of the need for Prevent, local authorities reluctantly operationalised it through a ‘marriage’ with an initially equally-resourced cohesion programme but the conceptual flaws and political weight of Prevent generated a perception and reality of enhanced securitisation and the side-lining of cohesion. The political solution of the 2011 Prevent Review was an organisational ‘divorce’ between the two policies and the government departments responsible for them. The article argues, however, that such separation was never possible at the local level and that they continue to co-habit in an unequal and loveless relationship. Despite some positive aspects, the 2011Review has led to an increasingly securitised and still flawed Prevent, whilst community cohesion has officially been disowned by the Coalition government', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '30', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '31', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => '10.1057/bp.2014.16', 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2014', 'status_changed_hour' => '16', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '14972' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' 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'2012', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => 'Kings College, London', 'type' => 'conference_item', 'publication' => undef, 'lastmod_second' => '46', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => undef, 'datestamp_hour' => '14', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '15', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 9, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '14972', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => '6th 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This research addresses the challenges of implementing the community cohesion and Prevent policy agendas, and building strong and positive partnerships across agencies and communities to support that implementation, in two local authority areas, Kirklees and Bradford. The research took place from November 2009 – March 2010, and used a multi-method approach involving the following: Interviews with Local Authority and key partner policy makers, officers, and front line staff (20 interviews) Research by people working in the communities, including youth workers, housing workers, and community workers, with community members (33 interviews and 7 focus groups Analysis of Local Authority strategies (13 strategies) Community cohesion emerged as a governmental policy priority in the wake of the violent disturbances in Oldham, Burnley and Bradford in the summer of 2001. 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'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => undef, 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '10', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '3', 'publisher' => undef, 'pagerange' => undef, 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2013', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => 'Brighton, UK', 'type' => 'conference_item', 'publication' => undef, 'lastmod_second' => '0', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => undef, 'datestamp_hour' => '8', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '0', 'note' => undef, 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 9, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '18681', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '10', 'event_dates' => '3-5 September 2013', 'fulltimestamp' => '20130900', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '8', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '12', 'edit_lock_user' => '3483', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '4', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'LC5201', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '49', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => 'conference', 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '3', 'datestamp_day' => '3', 'abstract' => 'Since 2006, the UK’s Prevent programme has proven highly controversial. Designed as a ‘hearts and minds’ programme of community-based education against violent extremism and ideologies that support and justify it, the large-scale ‘Prevent’ programme was quickly identified as problematic by a range of critics. Having a monocultural focus on entire Muslim communities has been seen as directly counter to wider policy goals of integration and cohesion (Thomas, 2009; 2011), with this overt intervention into British Muslim communities driven explicitly by a ‘values-based’ agenda (Birt, 2009) that sees Muslim religious and community values themselves as responsible for an increased terrorist threat. Above all, Prevent has been portrayed as a large-scale surveillance programme on British Muslims (Kundnani, 2009), something arguably only accentuated by the 2011 Prevent Review (HMG, 2011). Nevertheless, Prevent has continued to develop, and Britain’s programme has proven highly influential on parallel developments in other western countries. Youth Work and youth workers have been central to the operationalization of Prevent in the UK, with informal education seen as the perfect vehicle to ‘reach’ the marginalised and disaffected young Muslim men portrayed as the pool from which terrorist will and do seek to recruit. This paper draws on previous empirical research to examine this youth work involvement in Prevent and to address the issue of whether Prevent has contributed to the further ‘securitisation’ of publicly-funded youth work practice. In doing so, it will make links to previous situations where youth work has been required to engage with ‘extremism’ to pose difficult question about what youth workers and their agencies can or should do in such situations.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '30', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '49', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2013', 'status_changed_hour' => '8', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '4384' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1315999806', 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'eprintid' => '4384', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '5', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => undef, 'date_type' => 'published', 'pres_type' => undef, 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2009', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/4384/1/ThomasBetween.pdf', 'status_changed_second' => '30', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'Between two stools? the government's 'Preventing Violent Extremism' agenda ', 'corp_creators' => undef, 'contributors_name_given' => undef, 'alt_title' => undef, 'contributors_name_family' => undef, 'sponsors' => undef, 'output_media' => undef, 'editors_name_lineage' => undef, 'dir' => 'disk0/00/00/43/84', 'overlay_journal_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_year' => undef, 'ispublished' => 'pub', 'item_issues_count' => '0', 'conductors_name_given' => undef, 'sword_depositor' => undef, 'full_text_status' => 'public', 'lastmod_minute' => '44', 'refereed' => 'TRUE', 'contact_email' => undef, 'copyright_holders' => undef, 'date_day' => undef, 'gscholar_impact' => undef, 'official_url' => 'http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122325120/abstract', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '5', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '6', 'publisher' => 'Wiley-Blackwell', 'pagerange' => '282-291', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2009', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'The Political Quarterly', 'lastmod_second' => '51', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '0032-3179', 'datestamp_hour' => '16', 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => '30', 'note' => 'The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com', 'edit_lock_until' => '0', 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 4, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '4384', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20090400', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => '2', 'rev_number' => '16', 'edit_lock_user' => '3483', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'JA', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '9', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '19', 'datestamp_day' => '19', 'abstract' => 'The 7/7 London suicide bombings of July 2005 and numerous subsequent Islamist terror plots have highlighted the reality of an 'internal' threat to Britain. One governmental response has been the 'Preventing Violent Extremism' (PVE) programme. Whilst the educational aspect of its focus on Muslim young people is to be welcomed, there are serious concerns as to whether PVE policy, as currently designed, is falling between two stools. To date, the programme focuses exclusively on Muslim communities in flat contradiction to the integration policy priority of community cohesion, so risking further defensiveness from Muslim communities and resentment from white working class communities. Whilst ignoring the right-wing extremism growing in some of those white communities, PVE work with young people is actually failing to engage openly and robustly with the real political issues driving Muslim anger and minority extremist support. 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It argues that we must study local policy development and implementation to truly understand the new approach of 'community cohesion'. The presentation uses empirical reserach evidence from Oldham, Greater Manchester to argue that cohesion is a re-naming and a re-balancing of multiculturalism, not its 'death'.', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '30', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => '40', 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => undef, 'referencetext' => undef, 'date_year' => '2012', 'status_changed_hour' => '14', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '13464' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => '1337260192', 'creatorlist' 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undef, 'eprintid' => '13464', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20120110', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => undef, 'rev_number' => '18', 'edit_lock_user' => '6', 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '2', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'L1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '34', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '17', 'datestamp_day' => '17', 'abstract' => 'The recent assertion by European political leaders that multi-culturalism has ‘utterly failed’ is reviewed in the light of research conducted in two British towns. This paper posits a different relationship between the historical configuration of social space and the trajectory of inter-group relations. It argues that an analysis of the symbolic ordering of intergroup relations, and processes of ethnic identification and categorization needs to grounded in an understanding of a range of complex and interacting factors: the very specific structuring of the local urban environments ; the impact of globalization, and competition for public goods in inculcating a sense of dispossession; the way in which economic and social spaces experience a form of ‘negative branding’ that may be both internalised by members of different groups, and responsibility for which may be attributed to other groups; and the distinct cultural trajectories of differing social groups The paper uses data to illustrate the relationship between economic marginalisation and the racialisation of space, and to demonstrate that whereas young Muslim people identify the positive role of multi-culturalism in encouraging contact, good relations and equality, this is neglected or rejected by the young white respondents.', 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undef, 'official_url' => 'http://www.nya.org.uk/Templates/internal.asp?NodeID=92678', 'succeeds' => undef, 'datestamp_month' => '12', 'commentary' => undef, 'lastmod_day' => '6', 'publisher' => undef, 'pagerange' => '21-43', 'include_in_pedagogical' => 'no', 'task_purpose' => undef, 'status_changed_year' => '2008', 'book_title' => undef, 'thesis_name' => undef, 'event_location' => undef, 'type' => 'article', 'publication' => 'Youth and Policy', 'lastmod_second' => '53', 'place_of_pub' => undef, 'contributors_name_honourific' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_day' => undef, 'issn' => '0262-9798', 'datestamp_hour' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_given' => undef, 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'composition_type' => undef, 'producers_id' => undef, 'datestamp_second' => undef, 'note' => 'UoA 45 (Education) © The Author 2003', 'edit_lock_until' => undef, 'editor_note' => undef, 'pedagogic_type' => undef, 'date_month' => 12, 'rights' => undef, 'contributors_type' => undef, 'scopus_id' => undef, 'eprintid' => '382', 'producers_name_given' => undef, 'thesis_type' => undef, 'projects' => undef, 'lastmod_year' => '2013', 'data_type' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_minute' => undef, 'editors_name_given' => undef, 'isbn' => undef, 'include_in_cv' => 'yes', 'editors_name_family' => undef, 'lastmod_month' => '8', 'event_dates' => undef, 'fulltimestamp' => '20031200', 'learning_level' => undef, 'conductors_name_lineage' => undef, 'pages' => undef, 'source' => undef, 'lastmod_hour' => '11', 'number' => '81', 'rev_number' => '8', 'edit_lock_user' => undef, 'series' => undef, 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'pos' => '1', 'metadata_visibility' => 'show', 'eprint_status' => 'archive', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'exhibitors_name_lineage' => undef, 'divisions' => 'sepd', 'institution' => undef, 'subjects' => 'H1', 'gscholar_datestamp_hour' => undef, 'producers_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_name_given' => undef, 'completion_time' => undef, 'status_changed_minute' => '33', 'conductors_name_honourific' => undef, 'exhibitors_name_family' => undef, 'lyricists_name_honourific' => undef, 'event_type' => undef, 'importid' => undef, 'status_changed_day' => '22', 'datestamp_day' => '20', 'abstract' => 'The summer of 2001 saw the most serious scenes of violent disorder in British towns since the inner-city riots of 1981. Bradford, Burnley, Leeds and Oldham all witnessed rioting involving multiple arrests, damage to property and injury to both members of the public and police officers. Two themes dominated discussions of the events, both during and since. The first theme is youth. Young people under the age of 25 were the main protagonists in all these riots (Denham, 2001; Cantle, 2001). Many were subsequently arrested and imprisoned. The second and dominant theme is race. All these disturbances involved young people of south Asian origin fighting with white young people and or the police. In Bradford, Burnley and Oldham, explicitly racist campaigning by the neo-nazi BNP was a clear factor. This paper aims to explore both these themes, placing them within the context of 'Community Cohesion', a concept that was rapidly developed as the dominant parameter of discussion in the numerous subsequent central/local government reports. Alongside these themes of youth and race, this paper examines Putnam's (2000) concept of 'social capital', arguing that youth work can play an unique role in promoting genuine 'community cohesion' through the creation of what Putnam terms 'Bridging Social Capital'', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk', 'contributors_name_lineage' => undef, 'userid' => '6', 'patent_applicant' => undef, 'monograph_type' => undef, 'datestamp_minute' => undef, 'lyricists_name_family' => undef, 'sword_slug' => undef, 'id_number' => undef, 'volume' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_month' => undef, 'conductors_id' => undef, 'suggestions' => 'Used author version, replace with published pdf if obtained, make necessary edits', 'referencetext' => 'Albrecht, T. L, Johnson, G. M. and Walther, J.B.(1993) ‘Understanding communication processes in focus groups’ in Morgan, D.M (ed), Successful Focus Groups, Newbury Park California: Sage Publications. Back, L. (1993) New Ethnicities and Urban Culture, London: UCL Press. Cantle, T. (2001) Community Cohesion - A Report of the Independent Review Team, London: Home Office. CARF (1997) Getting Through? New Approaches to Tackling Youth Racism, No. 40, October/November, London: CARF. CARF (2001), 'The Summer of Rebellion' accessed via: http://www.carf.demon.co.uk/feat54.html. (First published in CARF No 63, August/September 2001, London: CARF). Chauhan, V. (1990) Beyond Steel Bands ‘n’ Samosas, Leicester: National Youth Bureau Commission for Racial Equality (1999) Open Talk, Open Minds, London: CRE Commission for Racial Equality (2001) A Place for Us All- Learning from Bradford, Oldham and Burnley, London: CRE. Commission for Racial Equality (2003) Racial Attacks Fact sheet: http://www.cre.gov.uk Dadzie, S (1997) Blood, Sweat and Tears, Leicester: Youth Work Press. Davies, B (1999) A History of the Youth Service in England (Two Volumes), Leicester: Youth Work Press. Denham, J (2001) Building Cohesive Communities - A Report of the Inter- Departmental Ministerial Group on Public Order and Community Cohesion, London: Home Office Department for Education and Skills (2002) Transforming Youth Work - Resourcing Excellent Youth Services, London: DfES Dhondy, F(2002) Institutional Inspiration in Guardian Education 2/7/02, Manchester: The Guardian Din, I (2002) The New British: Generational Change in the Mirpuri Community, unpublished PhD Thesis: University of Huddersfield (forthcoming from Ashgate Publishing) Frey, J. H and Fontana, A (1993) The Group Interview in Social Research in Morgan, D.M. (ed) Successful Focus Groups, Newbury Park, California: Sage Hewitt, R (1996) Routes of Racism: The Social Basis of Racist Action, Stoke- On-Trent: Trentham Books Kundnani, A, (2001)From Oldham to Bradford: the violence of the violated, accessed via:http://www.irr.org.uk/2001/october/ak000003.html(accessed 6/02/03) Local Government Association (2002) Guidance on Community Cohesion, London: Local Government Association Ministry of Education (1960) The Youth Service in England and Wales: Report of the Committee appointed by the Minister of Education in November 1958. London: HMSO (Commonly known as the Albemarle Report) Modood, T , Berthoud, R, Lakey, J, Nazroo, J, Smith,P. ,Virdee, S and Beishon, S (1997) Ethnic Minorities in Britain - Diversity and Disadvantage, London: PSI Nayak, A (1999) White English Ethnicities; Racism, anti-racism and student perspectives, Race, Education and Education, Vol 2, No. 2, Ouseley, H (2001) Community Pride, Not Prejudice – Making Diversity Work in Bradford, Bradford: Bradford Vision. Popple, K (1990) Youth Work and Race in Jeffs, T and Smith, M (eds) Young People, Inequality and Youth Work, Basingstoke: Macmillan Popple, K (1997) Understanding and Tackling Racism among Young People in the United Kingdom in Hazekamp, J.L. and Popple K (eds.) ‘Racism in Europe, London: UCL Press Putnam, R (2000) Bowling Alone – The Collapse and Revival of American Community, London: Touchstone Ritchie, D (2001) One Oldham One Future - Panel Report of the Oldham Independent Review, Government Office for the North West: Manchester Smith, M, (2003) Transforming Youth Work, http://www.infed.org.uk/youthwork/transforming.htm Social Exclusion Unit (1999) Bridging the Gap –New Opportunities for 16-18 year olds, London: SEU Thomas, P (2002) Youth Work, Racist Behaviour and Young People – Education or Blame? in Scottish Journal of Youth Issues, Issue 4, Summer 2002, pp 49-66 Webster, C (1995) Youth Crime, Victimisation and Racial Harassment -The Keighley Survey, Bradford: Bradford College Webster, C (1996) Local Heroes -Violent Racism, Localism and Spacism among Asian and white young people in Youth and Policy, No.53, Summer 1996, pp 15-27 Webster, C (2001) Race, Space and Fear - Imagined Geographies of Racism, Crime, Violence, and Disorder in Northern England, Paper submitted to the Oldham Independent Review into the Oldham Disorders of 26-29 May 2001, Middlesborough: University of Teeside (reproduced in ‘Capital and Class’, January 2002)', 'date_year' => '2003', 'status_changed_hour' => '18', 'gscholar_cluster' => undef, 'producers_name_family' => undef }, '5404' => { 'funders' => undef, 'conductors_name_family' => undef, 'num_pieces' => undef, 'department' => undef, 'contributors_id' => undef, 'gscholar_datestamp_second' => undef, 'keywords' => undef, 'lyricists_name_lineage' => undef, 'lyricists_id' => undef, 'edit_lock_since' => undef, 'creatorlist' => { '0' => { 'creators_name_lineage' => '', 'creators_name_family' => 'Thomas', 'eprintid' => '5404', 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'pos' => '0', 'creators_name_given' => 'Paul', 'creators_id' => 'd.p.thomas@hud.ac.uk' } }, 'exhibitors_id' => undef, 'latitude' => undef, 'replacedby' => undef, 'status_changed_month' => '8', 'editors_name_honourific' => undef, 'admin_note' => undef, 'event_title' => '59th Political Studies Association Annual Conference: Challenges for Democracy in a Global Era', 'date_type' => '', 'pres_type' => 'paper', 'longitude' => undef, 'creators_name_honourific' => '', 'include_in_hebci' => 'no', 'producers_name_honourific' => undef, 'scopus_citation_count' => undef, 'datestamp_year' => '2009', 'fileinfo' => '/style/images/fileicons/application_pdf.png;/5404/1/Thomas.pdf', 'status_changed_second' => '2', 'exhibitors_name_honourific' => undef, 'editors_id' => undef, 'title' => 'The Last Britons? 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2015

Ashmore, L., Avis, J., Dalton, J., Noel, P., Rennie, S., Salter, E., Swindells, D. and Thomas, P. (2015) ‘Equality and diversity’. In: Teaching in lifelong learning : a guide to theory and practice. : Open University Press. . ISBN 9780335263325

2014

Thomas, P (2014) ‘Britain’s Prevent Programme: An End in Sight?’. In: Critical Perspectives on Counter Terrorism. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 169-186. ISBN 978-0-415-85547-1

Thomas, P (2014) ‘Prevent and Community Cohesion in Britain – The Worst of All Possible Worlds? ’. In: Counter Radicalisation - Critical Perspectives. London, UK: Routledge. . ISBN 978-1-13-877663-0

Thomas, P (2014) ‘Local Passion, National Indifference: Implementing Community Cohesion policies in Northern England’. In: IMISCOE 11th Annual Conference 'Immigration, Social Cohesion and Social Innovation, 28-29th August 2014, Madrid, Spain

Thomas, P (2014) ‘Attitudes and Dispositions within Marginalised White Communities: Implications for Policy and Practice’. In: Understanding and Tackling Far-Right Cultures in Britain and Europe', 27th June 2014, University of Northampton, UK

Cantle, T. and Thomas, P. (2014) Taking the Think Project Forward - The Need for Preventative Anti-Extremism Educational Work Swansea: The Think Project

Sanderson, P. and Thomas, P. (2014) ‘Troubling identities: race, place and positionality among young people in two towns in Northern England Troubling identities: race, place and positionality among young people in two towns in Northern EnglandJournal of Youth Studies . ISSN 1367-6261

Thomas, P (2014) ‘Divorced but still co-habiting? Britain’s Prevent/Community Cohesion policy tension British Politics . ISSN 1746918X

2013

Thomas, P (2013) ‘Enacting the Unenactable - The Local State and Britain's Prevent Programme’. In: European experiences of radicalisation and counter-radicalisation - critical approaches, 25th October, 2013, Sciences Po, Paris, France

Thomas, P (2013) ‘Book Review:'Young Muslims, Pedagogy and Islam' by M.G.Khan (2012) Bristol:Policy PressYouth and Policy Journal (111), pp. 102-104. ISSN 0262-9798

Thomas, P (2013) ‘Prevent - The need for Engagement with 'White Communities' ’. In: Wales Conference on Young People and Far-Right Extremism, 22nd October, 2013, Welsh Assembly, Cardiff

Thomas, P (2013) ‘Prevent- the securitisation of Youth Work practice?’. In: British Educational Research Association Annual Conference 2013, 3-5 September 2013, Brighton, UK

Thomas, P (2013) ‘The Silent Majority? White People, Multiculturalism and the challenge of ‘Englishness’ ’. In: British Sociological Association Annual Conference, 3-5 April 2013, London

Thomas, P. and Sanderson, P. (2013) ‘Crossing the Line ? White young people and Community CohesionCritical Social Policy , 33 (1), pp. 160-180. ISSN 0261-0183

2012

Thomas, P (2012) ‘Prevent and Community Cohesion – Synergy or Conflict?’. In: British International Studies Association 'Critical Terrorism Studies' Working Group Conference, 6th September 2012, Kings College, London

Thomas, P (2012) Responding to the Threat of Violent Extremism - Failing to Prevent . London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 9781849665254

Thomas, P (2012) ‘Community Cohesion and the ‘death of multiculturalism’ in Britain: evidence from Oldham’. In: CRONEM Conference:The Future of Multiculturalism: Structures, Integration Policies and Practices, 26th-27th June 2012, University of Surrey, UK

Thomas, P (2012) ‘Book Review of The new imagined community. Global media and the construction of national and Muslim identities of migrants, by Uriya Shavit, Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1-84519-3287National identities , 14 (2), pp. 189-206. ISSN 1460-8944

Sanderson, P. and Thomas, P. (2012) ‘Community cohesion and spatial-cultural trajectories: influences on youth identification in Northern English TownsEthnicities . ISSN 1468-7968

Thomas, P (2012) ‘All White? Englishness, ‘Race’ and Ethnic Identities In ‘These Englands: A conversation on national identity’ Edited by Arthur Aughey and Christine Berberich, Manchester: Manchester University Press ’. In: These Englands: A conversation on national identity’. Manchester: Manchester University Press. . ISBN 9780719079610

2011

McAuley, J., Ward, P., Thomas, P., Mycock, A., Matthews, J., McGlynn, C., Hayton, R. and Webster, W. (2011) ‘Academy for British and Irish Studies, 2011’. In: Academy for British and Irish Studies (relaunch), December 2011, University of Huddersfield

Thomas, P. and Sanderson, P. (2011) ‘Unwilling Citizens? Muslim young people and national identitySociology , 45 (6), pp. 1028-1044. ISSN 0038-0385

Thomas, P (2011) ‘Proving our Worth? Youth Work, 'Race' and EvidenceYouth and Policy , 107, pp. 18-33. ISSN 0262-9798

Thomas, P (2011) Youth, Multiculturalism and Community Cohesion . Palgrave Politics of Identity and Citizenship. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230251953

Thomas, P (2011) ‘Multiculturalism and the emergence of ‘community cohesion’’. In: Redefining social justice: New Labour, rhetoric and reality. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. . ISBN 9780719082207

Thomas, P. and Henri, T. (2011) ‘Changing directions: young people and effective work against racismJournal of Youth Studies , 14 (1), pp. 77-89. ISSN 1367-6261

2010

Thomas, P (2010) ‘Marching Altogether? Football fans taking a stand against racism’. In: Sport and Challenges to Racism. : Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 185-198. ISBN 9780230236158

Thomas, P (2010) ‘Failed and Friendless: The UK's ‘Preventing Violent Extremism’ ProgrammeThe British Journal of Politics & International Relations , 12 (3), pp. 442-458. ISSN 1467856X

Monro, S., Razaq, U., Thomas, P. and Mycock, A. (2010) Regional Improvement and Efficiency Partnership (RIEP) Community Cohesion and Prevent Pilot. A report prepared for: Local Government Yorkshire & Humber Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield

Thomas, P. and Sanderson, P. (2010) ‘Unwilling Citizens? Muslim Youth and national identity’. In: British Sociological Association Conference, 7th-9th April 2010, Glasgow

Thomas, P (2010) ‘Book review : Mixed up kids, race, identity and social order. Author, Tina Patel, Russell House Publishing: 2008 Youth and Policy , 104, pp. 134-136. ISSN 0262-9798

Thomas, P (2010) ‘Youth Work responses to prejudice and extremism’. In: Rochdale youth service staff conference, 2nd March 2010, Rochdale

Thomas, P (2010) ‘Is multiculturalism dead?’. In: What do teachers and teacher educators need? SUNCETT Spring Conference, 22nd March 2010, University of Sunderland

Thomas, P (2010) ‘Youth identities and the threat of extremism’. In: SEPD Seminar, 5th February 2010, University of Huddersfield

Ashmore, L., Dalton, J., Noel, P., Rennie, S., Salter, E., Swindells, D. and Thomas, P. (2010) ‘Equality and Diversity ’. In: Teaching in Lifelong Learning: A Guide to Theory and Practice. Milton Keynes: Open University Press/McGraw Hill Education. pp. 58-76. ISBN 9780335234684

2009

Thomas, P (2009) ‘Community cohesion, the ‘death of multiculturalism’ and work with young people’. In: Europe's Established and Emerging Immigrant Communities: assimilation, multiculturalism or integration. Stoke-On-Trent: Trentham Books. . ISBN 9781858564661

Thomas, P (2009) ‘Community cohesion and the death of multiculturalism’. In: ‘Race’ and Racism in the North East: From Theory to Practice, 30th October 2009, University of Sunderland

Thomas, P (2009) Submission to the Communities and Local Government Committee in response to the call for evidence around the Government’s ‘Prevent’ programme: September 2009 House of Commons (Unpublished)

Thomas, P (2009) ‘From petrol bombs to performance indicators: The 2001 riots and the emergence of Community Cohesion ’. In: Rioting in the UK and France: A comparative analysis. Uffculme: Willan Publishing. .

Henri, T. and Thomas, P. (2009) ‘Young People, Community Cohesion and the ‘Death of Multiculturalism’’. In: Race in the Modern World: An international conference on race discourses and contemporary identities, 1st - 3rd April 2009, Goldsmiths, University of London and the Stephen Lawrence Trust, London, UK

Thomas, P (2009) ‘Between two stools? the government's 'Preventing Violent Extremism' agenda The Political Quarterly , 80 (2), pp. 282-291. ISSN 0032-3179

Thomas, P (2009) ‘The Last Britons? Young Muslims and national identity’. In: 59th Political Studies Association Annual Conference: Challenges for Democracy in a Global Era, 7th - 9th April 2009, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Thomas, P (2009) ‘Moving on from 'anti-racism'? Understandings of 'Community Cohesion' held by Youth Workers ’. In: Issues in post-compulsory education and training: critical perspectives. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield. pp. 263-287. ISBN 9781862180680

Thomas, P. and Sanderson, P. (2009) The Oldham and Rochdale Youth Identity Project Huddersfield, UK: University of Huddersfield

2008

Thomas, P (2008) Kirklees ‘Preventing Violent Extremism’ Pathfinder: Issues and Learning from the First Year University of Huddersfield

2007

Thomas, P (2007) ‘The impact of community cohesion on youth work ’. In: Leading work with young people. : Sage. pp. 109-124. ISBN 9781412946032

Thomas, P (2007) ‘Moving on from ‘anti-racism’? Understandings of ‘community cohesion’ held by youth workersJournal of Social Policy , 36 (3), pp. 435-455. ISSN 0047-2794

Thomas, P (2007) ‘The impact of community cohesion on youth work ’. In: Leading Work with Young People. London: Sage/Open University. pp. 109-123. ISBN 9781412946049

Thomas, P (2007) ‘From petrol bombs to performance indicators: the 2001 riots and the emergence of 'community cohesion' in the UK ’. In: A Comparative Analysis of Recent French and British Riots, 24 October 2007, Birmingham

Thomas, P (2007) ‘Community cohesion, the ‘’Death of Multiculturalism’’ and work with young people’. In: Europe and its Established & Emerging Immigrant Communities conference: Assimilation, Multiculturalism or Integration?, 10 - 11 November 2007, De Montfort University, Leicester

2006

Thomas, P (2006) ‘The impact of community cohesion on youth work: A case study from Oldham Youth and Policy (93), pp. 41-60. ISSN 0262-9798

2004

Thomas, P (2004) ‘Anti-racist work with white young people’. In: Commission for racial equality/Oldham race equality partnership seminar, February 2004, Oldham

2003

Thomas, P (2003) ‘Young people, community cohesion and the role of youth work in building social capital Youth and Policy (81), pp. 21-43. ISSN 0262-9798

Thomas, P. and Pearson, M. (2003) Towards a Youth Work Agenda : A Research report on youth theatres and Connexions University of Huddersfield

2002

Thomas, P (2002) ‘Youth work, racist behaviour and young people Education or blame? Scottish Youth Issues Journal (4), pp. 49-66. ISSN 1469-0780

1999

Thomas, P (1999) Open talk, open minds: anti-racist education for young people London: Commission for Racial Equality

1995

Thomas, P (1995) ‘Kicking racism out of football: a supporter's view Race and Class , 36 (4), pp. 95-100. ISSN 0306-3968

Esteem

  • Shortlisted for British Sociological Association’s Phillip Abrams Memorial Prize 2012 for best first, sole-authored book
  • Invited to give oral evidence to House of Commons Communities and Local Government Select Committee Inquiry hearings on Prevent at Westminster, December 2009
  • Keynote speaker at House of Commons Reception in support of The Think Project’s anti-extremism education work, March 2014
  • Keynote speaker at ‘Wales Conference on Young People and Far-Right Extremism’, Welsh Assembly, Cardiff ,October 2013
  • Invited presenter at  ‘European experiences of radicalisation and counter-radicalisation – critical perspectives’ seminar, Sciences Po, Paris, October 2013
  • Live studio discussant on BBC 2 TV’s ‘Newsnight’ to discuss 10th anniversary of Oldham riots, May 2011
  • Interviewed by BBC Radio 4’s ‘Analysis’ programme on British multiculturalism and extremism, March 2011
  • Participant in invitation-only Breakfast meeting on’Mediating Values, Tackling Extremism:Civic approaches for a more cohesive society’ with Lord Carlisle of Berriew (former Government watchdog on Terrorism), London:February, 2013
  • Invited Keynote presentation: ‘Understanding attitudes and dispositions in marginalised white communities’ at Understanding and Tackling Far-Right Cultrures in Britain and Europe Conference, University of Northampton, June 2014
  • Invited Keynote presentation: ‘Community Cohesion and the ‘death of multiculturalism’ in Britain: Evidence from Oldham’ at CRONEM Conference, University of Surrey, June 2012
  • Invited Keynote presentation: Prevent and Community Cohesion – Synergy or Conflict? British International Studies Association Critical Terrorism Studies Working Group conference, King’s College, London: September 2012
  • Quoted in Financial Times articles on Prevent, February 2010 and June 2011 and Guardian article on anti-extremism educational work, May 2014
  • Joint-Chair of the Kirklees Youth Commission, 2012/13
  • Member of British delegation to ESRC Anglo-French workshop series on ‘Comparative experiences of urban riots’, 2006/7
  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

Research Degree Supervision

I am interested in supervising research degrees around the following areas:

  • Multiculturalism and state policy approaches
  • Ethnic segregation, Integration and Community Cohesion
  • Terrorism, political extremism and approaches to prevention
  • Ethnicity, Identity, marginalisation and young people
  • Youth Work policy and practice
  • Marginalised young people

Completed research thesis supervisions:

  • Miah, S.  ‘Muslim discourses of education and schooling’ (PhD, June 2012)

Current research thesis supervisions:

  • Daniels, C. ‘Surfing the Edge of Chaos: Professional Identity Constructs of Children’s Service Leaders in the Context of the Agency-Structure Nexus’ (PhD)
  • Nagara, L. ‘An Ethnographic Investigation into the Causes and Effects of Disaffection and Social Exclusion for Young People in Alternative Education’ (PhD)
  • Boyd, L. ‘Youth Work’s contribution to ‘employability’ ‘ (PhD)
  • Ellis, R. ‘The apparent underrepresentation of white working class men in Higher Education’ (Masters by Research)
  • Howard, B. ‘The contribution of Youth Work to young people with Mental Health issues’ (Masters by Research)

Enterprise Activities

I am currently acting as an external adviser/consultant (along with Professor Ted Cantle of the Institute of Community Cohesion) to the Big Lottery Fund-supported ‘Think Project’ run by the Ethnic Youth Support Team, based in Swansea, South Wales. (2013-15)

Teaching and Professional Activities

Undergraduate Framework

Level 1: Self, Society and Welfare

Level 2: Social Policy and Inclusion

Level 3: Dissertation

Postgraduate

Inequality, Inclusion and Critical Social Policy (Module Leader: PG. Dip Professional Studies – Youth Work/Guidance)

I also carry out work-based learning placement visits for Youth and Community Work students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

Last updated Thursday 6 March 2014
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