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Portrait of Prof Martin Richards Prof Martin Richards

m.b.richards@hud.ac.uk | 01484 471676



Biography

Martin studied genetics at the Universities of Sheffield and Manchester, moving to Oxford University and into archaeogenetic research in 1990. From there, he developed collaborative links with a small group of like-minded colleagues who spearheaded the use of network diagrams in the phylogenetic and phylogeographic analysis of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). This enjoyable collaboration was to yield influential models for the settlement of both Europe and the Pacific, and for prehistoric dispersals in Africa. He subsequently moved to UCL, Huddersfield and then Leeds University, where he taught, amongst other topics, human evolution, molecular evolution and bioinformatics. He finally moved back to Huddersfield to take up a Research Chair in January 2012.

His research in the last decade has particularly sought to apply complete mtDNA genome variation to archaeogenetic questions, such as the route taken by modern humans dispersing out of Africa and the settlement of Southeast Asia and the Pacific – most recently returning his focus to the continuing controversy over the settlement of Europe.

He co-edited Mitochondrial DNA and the Evolution of Homo Sapiens (Springer-Verlag, 2006) with Hans-Jürgen Bandelt and Vincent Macaulay.

Research & Scholarship

Please see the Archaeogenetics Research Group website for details of Martin's current and recent research projects.

Publications and Other Research Outputs

2014

Bandelt, H., Kloss-Brandstätter, A., Richards, M., Yao, Y. and Logan, I. (2014) ‘The case for the continuing use of the revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS) and the standardization of notation in human mitochondrial DNA studiesJournal of Human Genetics , 59 (2), pp. 66-77. ISSN 1434-5161

Pala, M., Chaubey, G., Soares, P. and Richards, M. (2014) ‘The archaeogenetics of European ancestry’. In: Encyclopaedia of LIfe Sciences. Chichester, UK: Wiley. .

2013

Rito, T., Richards, M., Fernandes, V., Alshamali, F., Cerny, V., Pereira, L. and Soares, P. (2013) ‘The First Modern Human Dispersals across AfricaPLoS ONE , 8 (11), p. e80031. ISSN 1932-6203

Costa, M., Pereira, J., Pala, M., Fernandes, V., Olivien, A., Achilli, A., Perego, U., Rychkov, S., Naumova, O., Hatina, J., Woodward, S., Eng, K., Macaulay, V., Carr, M., Soares, P., Pereira, L. and Richards, M. (2013) ‘A substantial prehistoric European ancestry amongst Ashkenazi maternal lineagesNature Communications , 4 (2543). ISSN 2041-1723

Macaulay, V. and Richards, M. (2013) ‘Mitochondrial Genome Sequences and Their Phylogeographic InterpretationEncyclopaedia of LIfe Sciences eLS .

Olivieri, A., Pala, M., Gandini, F., Kashani, B., Perego, U., Woodward, S., Grugni, V., Battaglia, V., Semino, O., Achilli, A., Richards, M. and Torroni, A. (2013) ‘Mitogenomes from Two Uncommon Haplogroups Mark Late Glacial/Postglacial Expansions from the Near East and Neolithic Dispersals within EuropePLoS ONE , 8 (7), p. e70492. ISSN 1932-6203

Barker, G. and Richards, M. (2013) ‘Foraging–Farming Transitions in Island Southeast AsiaJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory , 20 (2), pp. 256-280. ISSN 1072-5369

Mellars, P., Gori, K., Carr, M., Soares, P. and Richards, M. (2013) ‘Genetic and archaeological perspectives on the initial modern human colonization of southern AsiaProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , 110 (26), pp. 10699-10704. ISSN 0027-8424

2012

Pala, M., Olivieri, A., Achilli, A., Accetturo, M., Metspalu, E., Reidla, M., Tamm, E., Karmin, M., Reisberg, T., Kashani, B., Perego, U., Carossa, V., Gandini, F., Pereira, J., Soares, P., Angerhofer, N., Rychkov, S., Al-Zahery, N., Carelli, V., Sanati, M., Houshmand, M., Hatina, J., Macaulay, V., Pereira, L., Woodward, S., Davies, W., Gamble, C., Baird, D., Semino, O., Villems, R., Torroni, A. and Richards, M. (2012) ‘Mitochondrial DNA Signals of Late Glacial Recolonization of Europe from Near Eastern RefugiaThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 90 (5), pp. 915-924. ISSN 0002-9297

Soares, P., Alshamali, F., Pereira, J., Fernandes, V., Silva, N., Afonso, C., Costa, M., Musilova, E., Macaulay, V., Richards, M., Cerny, V. and Pereira, L. (2012) ‘The Expansion of mtDNA Haplogroup L3 within and out of AfricaMolecular Biology and Evolution , 29 (3), pp. 915-927. ISSN 0737-4038

Fernandes, V., Alshamali, F., Alves, M., Costa, M., Pereira, J., Cherni, L., Harich, N., Cerny, V., Soares, P., Richards, M. and Pereira, L. (2012) ‘The Arabian Cradle: Mitochondrial Relicts of the First Steps along the Southern Route out of AfricaAmerican Journal of Human Genetics , 90 (2), pp. 347-355. ISSN 1537-6605

2011

Soares, P., Rito, T., Trejaut, J., Mormina, M., Hill, C., Tinkler-Hundal, E., Braid, M., Clarke, D., Loo, J., Thomson, N., Denham, T., Donohue, M., Macaulay, V., Lin, M., Oppenheimer, S. and Richards, M. (2011) ‘Ancient Voyaging and Polynesian OriginsThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 88 (2), pp. 239-247. ISSN 00029297

Chaubey, G., Metspalu, M., Choi, Y., Magi, R., Romero, I., Soares, P., van Oven, M., Behar, D., Rootsi, S., Hudjashov, G., Mallick, C., Karmin, M., Nelis, M., Parik, J., Reddy, A., Metspalu, E., van Driem, G., Xue, Y., Tyler-Smith, C., Thangaraj, K., Singh, L., Remm, M., Richards, M., Lahr, M., Kayser, M., Villems, R. and Kivisild, T. (2011) ‘Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic Speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-Specific AdmixtureMolecular Biology and Evolution , 28 (2), pp. 1013-1024. ISSN 0737-4038

2010

Pereira, L., Silva, N., Franco-Duarte, R., Fernandes, V., Pereira, J., Costa, M., Martins, H., Soares, P., Behar, D., Richards, M. and Macaulay, V. (2010) ‘Population expansion in the North African Late Pleistocene signalled by mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U6BMC Evolutionary Biology , 10 (1), p. 390. ISSN 1471-2148

Jones, E., Jóhannesdóttir, F., Gündüz, ?., Richards, M. and Searle, J. (2010) ‘The expansion of the house mouse into north-western EuropeJournal of Zoology , 283 (4), pp. 257-268. ISSN 09528369

Edwards, C., Magee, D., Park, S., McGettigan, P., Lohan, A., Murphy, A., Finlay, E., Shapiro, B., Chamberlain, A., Richards, M., Bradley, D., Loftus, B. and MacHugh, D. (2010) ‘A Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequence from a Mesolithic Wild Aurochs (Bos primigenius)PLoS ONE , 5 (2), p. e9255. ISSN 1932-6203

Soares, P., Achilli, A., Semino, O., Davies, W., Macaulay, V., Bandelt, H., Torroni, A. and Richards, M. (2010) ‘The Archaeogenetics of EuropeCurrent Biology , 20 (4), p. R174-R183. ISSN 09609822

2009

Salas, A., Lovo-Gómez, J., Álvarez-Iglesias, V., Cerezo, M., Lareu, M., Macaulay, V., Richards, M. and Carracedo, &. (2009) ‘Mitochondrial Echoes of First Settlement and Genetic Continuity in El SalvadorPLoS ONE , 4 (9), p. e6882. ISSN 1932-6203

Soares, P., Ermini, L., Thomson, N., Mormina, M., Rito, T., Röhl, A., Salas, A., Oppenheimer, S., Macaulay, V. and Richards, M. (2009) ‘Correcting for Purifying Selection: An Improved Human Mitochondrial Molecular ClockThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 84 (6), pp. 740-759. ISSN 00029297

Dhandapany, P., Sadayappan, S., Xue, Y., Powell, G., Rani, D., Nallari, P., Rai, T., Khullar, M., Soares, P., Bahl, A., Tharkan, J., Vaideeswar, P., Rathinavel, A., Narasimhan, C., Ayapati, D., Ayub, Q., Mehdi, S., Oppenheimer, S., Richards, M., Price, A., Patterson, N., Reich, D., Singh, L., Tyler-Smith, C. and Thangaraj, K. (2009) ‘A common MYBPC3 (cardiac myosin binding protein C) variant associated with cardiomyopathies in South AsiaNature Genetics , 41 (2), pp. 187-191. ISSN 1061-4036

2008

Pereira, F., Soares, P., Carneiro, J., Pereira, L., Richards, M., Samuels, D. and Amorim, A. (2008) ‘Evidence for Variable Selective Pressures at a Large Secondary Structure of the Human Mitochondrial DNA Control RegionMolecular Biology and Evolution , 25 (12), pp. 2759-2770. ISSN 0737-4038

Bandelt, H., Yao, Y., Richards, M. and Salas, A. (2008) ‘The brave new era of human genetic testing Bioessays , 30 (11), pp. 1246-1251. ISSN 1521-1878

Ermini, L., Olivieri, C., Rizzi, E., Corti, G., Bonnal, R., Soares, P., Luciani, S., Marota, I., De Bellis, G. and Richards, M. (2008) ‘Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequence of the Tyrolean IcemanCurrent Biology , 18 (21), pp. 1687-1693. ISSN 09609822

Soares, P., Trejaut, J., Loo, J., Hill, C., Mormina, M., Lee, C., Chen, Y., Hudjashov, G., Forster, P., Macaulay, V., Bulbeck, D., Oppenheimer, S., Lin, M. and Richards, M. (2008) ‘Climate Change and Postglacial Human Dispersals in Southeast AsiaMolecular Biology and Evolution , 25 (6), pp. 1209-1218. ISSN 0737-4038

Achilli, A., Olivieri, A., Pellecchia, M., Uboldi, C., Colli, L., Al-Zahery, N., Accetturo, M., Pala, M., Hooshiar Kashani, B., Perego, U., Battaglia, V., Fornarino, S., Kalamati, J., Houshmand, M., Negrini, R., Semino, O., Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Ferretti, L., Bandelt, H., Ajmone-Marsan, P. and Torroni, A. (2008) ‘Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattleCurrent Biology , 18 (4), p. R157-R158. ISSN 09609822

Richards, M., Capelli, C. and Wilson, J. (2008) ‘Genetics and the Origins of the British Population’. In: eLS: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. London, UK: Wiley. . ISBN 9780470015902

2007

Richards, M (2007) ‘Book review: Genes, Language and Culture History in the Southwest PacificAmerican Journal of Human Biology , 19 (6), pp. 890-892. ISSN 10420533

Salas, A., Bandelt, H., Macaulay, V. and Richards, M. (2007) ‘Phylogeographic investigations: The role of trees in forensic geneticsForensic Science International , 168 (1), pp. 1-13. ISSN 03790738

Bellwood, P., Gamble, C., Le Blanc, S., Pluciennik, M., Richards, M. and Terrell, J. (2007) ‘First Farmers: the Origins of Agricultural Societies, by Peter Bellwood. Malden (MA): Blackwell, 2005; ISBN 0-631-20565-9Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 17 (01), p. 87. ISSN 0959-7743

Hill, C., Soares, P., Mormina, M., Macaulay, V., Clarke, D., Blumbach, P., Vizuete-Forster, M., Forster, P., Bulbeck, D., Oppenheimer, S. and Richards, M. (2007) ‘A mitochondrial stratigraphy for Island Southeast Asia American Journal of Human Genetics , 80, pp. 29-43. ISSN 1537-6605

2006

Pereira, L., Goncalves, J., Franco-Duarte, R., Silva, J., Rocha, T., Arnold, C., Richards, M. and Macaulay, V. (2006) ‘No Evidence for an mtDNA Role in Sperm Motility: Data from Complete Sequencing of Asthenozoospermic MalesMolecular Biology and Evolution , 24 (3), pp. 868-874. ISSN 0737-4038

Torroni, A., Achilli, A., Macaulay, V., Richards, M. and Bandelt, H. (2006) ‘Harvesting the fruit of the human mtDNA treeTrends in Genetics , 22 (6), pp. 339-345. ISSN 01689525

Pereira, L., Richards, M., Goios, A., Alonso, A., Albarrán, C., Garcia, O., Behar, D., Gölge, M., Hatina, J., Al-Gazali, L., Bradley, D., Macaulay, V. and Amorim, A. (2006) ‘Evaluating the forensic informativeness of mtDNA haplogroup H sub-typing on a Eurasian scaleForensic Science International , 159 (1), pp. 43-50. ISSN 03790738

Soares, P., Pereira, F., Brion, M., Alves, C., Richards, M., Carracedo, A., Amorim, A. and Gusmão, L. (2006) ‘Relative Y-STR mutation rates estimated from the variance inside SNP defined lineagesProgress in Forensic Genetics: International Congress Series , 1288, pp. 82-84. ISSN 05315131

Gamble, C., Davies, W., Pettitt, P., Hazelwood, L. and Richards, M. (2006) ‘The Late Glacial ancestry of Europeans: combining genetic and archaeological evidenceDocumenta Praehistorica , 33, pp. 1-10. ISSN 1408-967X

Kivisild, T., Metspalu, M., Bandelt, H., Richards, M. and Villems, R. (2006) ‘The World mtDNA Phylogeny’. In: Human Mitochondrial DNA and the Evolution of Homo sapiens. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag. pp. 149-179. ISBN 978-3-540-31788-3

Bandelt, H., Kong, Q., Richards, M. and Macaulay, V. (2006) ‘Estimation of Mutation Rates and Coalescence Times: Some Caveats’. In: Human Mitochondrial DNA and the Evolution of Homo sapiens. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag. pp. 47-90. ISBN 978-3-540-31788-3

Metspalu, M., Kivisild, T., Bandelt, H., Richards, M. and Villems, R. (2006) ‘The Pioneer Settlement of Modern Humans in Asia’. In: Human Mitochondrial DNA and the Evolution of Homo sapiens. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag. pp. 181-199. ISBN 978-3-540-31788-3

Richards, M., Bandelt, H., Kivisild, T. and Oppenheimer, S. (2006) ‘A Model for the Dispersal of Modern Humans out of Africa’. In: Human Mitochondrial DNA and the Evolution of Homo sapiens. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag. pp. 225-265. ISBN 978-3-540-31788-3

Bandelt, H., Macaulay, V. and Richards, M. (2006) Human Mitochondrial DNA and the Evolution of Homo sapiens . Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology. Berlin, Germany: Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-31789-0

Hill, C., Soares, P., Mormina, M., Macaulay, V., Meehan, W., Blackburn, J., Clarke, D., Raja, J., Ismail, P., Bulbeck, D., Oppenheimer, S. and Richards, M. (2006) ‘Phylogeography and Ethnogenesis of Aboriginal Southeast Asians Molecular Biology and Evolution , 23 (12), pp. 2480-2491. ISSN 0737-4038

2005

Salas, A., Richards, M., Lareu, M., Sobrino, B., Silva, S., Matamoros, M., Macaulay, V. and Carracedo, &. (2005) ‘Shipwrecks and founder effects: Divergent demographic histories reflected in Caribbean mtDNAAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology , 128 (4), pp. 855-860. ISSN 0002-9483

Salas, A., Carracedo, &., Richards, M. and Macaulay, V. (2005) ‘Charting the Ancestry of African AmericansThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 77 (4), pp. 676-680. ISSN 0002-9297

Gamble, C., Davies, W., Pettitt, P., Hazelwood, L. and Richards, M. (2005) ‘The Archaeological and Genetic Foundations of the European Population during the Late Glacial: Implications for ‘Agricultural Thinking’Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 15 (02), p. 193. ISSN 0959-7743

Macaulay, V., Hill, C., Achilli, A., Rengo, C., Clarke, D., Meehan, W., Blackburn, J., Semino, O., Scozzari, R., Cruciani, F., Taha, A., Shaari, N., Raja, J., Ismail, P., Zainuddin, Z., Goodwin, W., Bulbeck, D., Bandelt, H., Oppenheimer, S., Torroni, A. and Richards, M. (2005) ‘A Response to Tracing Modern Human OriginsScience , 309 (5743), p. 1995b-1997b. ISSN 0036-8075

Salas, A., Carracedo, &., Macaulay, V., Richards, M. and Bandelt, H. (2005) ‘A practical guide to mitochondrial DNA error prevention in clinical, forensic, and population geneticsBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications , 335 (3), pp. 891-899. ISSN 0006-291X

Macaulay, V., Hill, C., Achilli, A., Rengo, C., Clarke, D., Meehan, W., Blackburn, J., Semino, O., Scozzari, R., Cruciani, F., Taha, A., Shaari, N., Raja, J., Ismail, P., Zainuddin, Z., Goodwin, W., Bulbeck, D., Bandelt, H., Oppenheimer, S., Torroni, A. and Richards, M. (2005) ‘Single, rapid coastal settlement of Asia revealed by analysis of complete mitochondrial genomes Science , 308 (5724), pp. 1034-1036. ISSN 0036-8075

Pereira, L., Richards, M., Goios, A., Alonso, A., Albarrán, C., Garcia, O., Behar, D., Gölge, M., Hatina, J., Al-Gazali, L., Bradley, D., Macaulay, V. and Amorim, A. (2005) ‘High-resolution mtDNA evidence for the late-glacial resettlement of Europe from an Iberian refugiumGenome Research , 15 (1), pp. 19-24. ISSN 1088-9051

2004

Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Hill, C., Carracedo, &. and Salas, A. (2004) ‘The archaeogenetics of the Bantu dispersals’. In: Traces of Ancestry: Studies in honour of Colin Renfrew. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 75-88. ISBN 978-1902937250

Achilli, A., Rengo, C., Magri, C., Battaglia, V., Olivieri, A., Scozzari, R., Cruciani, F., Zeviani, M., Briem, E., Carelli, V., Moral, P., Dugoujon, J., Roostalu, U., Loogväli, E., Kivisild, T., Bandelt, H., Richards, M., Villems, R., Santachiara-Benerecetti, A., Semino, O. and Torroni, A. (2004) ‘The Molecular Dissection of mtDNA Haplogroup H Confirms That the Franco-Cantabrian Glacial Refuge Was a Major Source for the European Gene PoolThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 75 (5), pp. 910-918. ISSN 0002-9297

McEvoy, B., Richards, M., Forster, P. and Bradley, D. (2004) ‘The Longue Durée of Genetic Ancestry: Multiple Genetic Marker Systems and Celtic Origins on the Atlantic Facade of EuropeThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 75 (4), pp. 693-702. ISSN 0002-9297

Salas, A., Torroni, A., Richards, M., Quintana-Murci, L., Hill, C., Macaulay, V. and Carracedo, &. (2004) ‘Reply to Bortolini et al.American Journal of Human Genetics , 75 (3), pp. 524-526. ISSN 1537-6605

Behar, D., Hammer, M., Garrigan, D., Villems, R., Bonne-Tamir, B., Richards, M., Gurwitz, D., Rosengarten, D., Kaplan, M., Pergola, S., Quintana-Murci, L. and Skorecki, K. (2004) ‘MtDNA evidence for a genetic bottleneck in the early history of the Ashkenazi Jewish populationEuropean Journal of Human Genetics , 12 (5), pp. 355-364. ISSN 1018-4813

Cruciani, F., La Fratta, R., Santolamazza, P., Sellitto, D., Pascone, R., Moral, P., Watson, E., Guida, V., Colomb, E., Zaharova, B., Lavinha, J., Vona, G., Aman, R., Calì, F., Akar, N., Richards, M., Torroni, A., Novelletto, A. and Scozzari, R. (2004) ‘Phylogeographic Analysis of Haplogroup E3b (E-M215) Y Chromosomes Reveals Multiple Migratory Events Within and Out Of AfricaThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 74 (5), pp. 1014-1022. ISSN 0002-9297

Richards, M (2004) ‘The mitochondrial DNA tree and forensic scienceProgress in Forensic Genetics: International Congress Series , 1261, pp. 91-93. ISSN 05315131

Pereira, L., Richards, M., Alonso, A., Albarrán, C., Garcia, O., Macaulay, V. and Amorim, A. (2004) ‘Subdividing mtDNA haplogroup H based on coding-region polymorphisms—a study in IberiaProgress in Forensic Genetics: International Congress Series , 1261, pp. 416-418. ISSN 05315131

Salas, A., Richards, M., Lareu, M., Scozzari, R., Coppa, A., Torroni, A., Macaulay, V. and Carracedo, &. (2004) ‘The African Diaspora: Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave TradeThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 74 (3), pp. 454-465. ISSN 0002-9297

Gamble, C., Davies, W., Pettitt, P. and Richards, M. (2004) ‘Climate change and evolving human diversity in Europe during the last glacialPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , 359 (1442), pp. 243-254. ISSN 0962-8436

2003

Pettitt, P., Davies, W., Gamble, C. and Richards, M. (2003) ‘Palaeolithic radiocarbon chronology: quantifying our confidence beyond two half-livesJournal of Archaeological Science , 30 (12), pp. 1685-1693. ISSN 03054403

Bandelt, H., Herrnstadt, C., Yao, Y., Kong, Q., Kivisild, T., Rengo, C., Scozzari, R., Richards, M., Villems, R., Macaulay, V., Howell, N., Torroni, A. and Zhang, Y. (2003) ‘Identification of Native American Founder mtDNAs Through the Analysis of Complete mtDNA Sequences: Some CaveatsAnnals of Human Genetics , 67 (6), pp. 512-524. ISSN 00034800

Richards, M (2003) ‘The Neolithic invasion of EuropeAnnual Review of Anthropology , 32 (1), pp. 135-162. ISSN 00846570

Capelli, C., Redhead, N., Abernethy, J., Gratrix, F., Wilson, J., Moen, T., Hervig, T., Richards, M., Stumpf, M., Underhill, P., Bradshaw, P., Shaha, A., Thomas, M., Bradman, N. and Goldstein, D. (2003) ‘A Y Chromosome Census of the British IslesCurrent Biology , 13 (11), pp. 979-984. ISSN 09609822

Richards, M., Rengo, C., Cruciani, F., Gratrix, F., Wilson, J., Scozzari, R., Macaulay, V. and Torroni, A. (2003) ‘Extensive Female-Mediated Gene Flow from Sub-Saharan Africa into Near Eastern Arab PopulationsThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 72 (4), pp. 1058-1064. ISSN 0002-9297

Richards, M (2003) ‘Beware the gene geniesThe Guardian Newspaper , p. 20. ISSN 0261-3077

Richards, M (2003) ‘The Neolithic transition in Europe: archaeological models and genetic evidenceDocumenta Praehistorica , 30, pp. 159-167. ISSN 1408-967X

2002

Richards, M., Macaulay, V. and Bandelt, H. (2002) ‘Analysing genetic data in a model-based framework: inferences about European prehistory’. In: Examining the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. . ISBN 978-1902937205

Oppenheimer, S. and Richards, M. (2002) ‘Polynesians: Devolved Taiwanese rice farmers or Wallacean maritime traders with fishing, foraging and horticultural skills? ’. In: Examining the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. . ISBN 978-1902937205

Bandelt, H., Macaulay, V. and Richards, M. (2002) ‘What molecules can’t tell us about the spread of languages and the Neolithic’. In: Examining the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. . ISBN 978-1902937205

Salas, A., Richards, M., De la Fe, T., Lareu, M., Sobrino, B., Sánchez-Diz, P., Macaulay, V. and Carracedo, &. (2002) ‘The Making of the African mtDNA LandscapeThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 71 (5), pp. 1082-1111. ISSN 0002-9297

Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Torroni, A. and Bandelt, H. (2002) ‘In Search of Geographical Patterns in European Mitochondrial DNAThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 71 (5), pp. 1168-1174. ISSN 0002-9297

Richards, M (2002) ‘On the ancestral trail. Review of Mapping Human History by Steve Olson, Bloomsbury,ISBN 07475606New Scientist (2354), p. 52. ISSN 0262-4079

Thomas, M., Weale, M., Jones, A., Richards, M., Smith, A., Redhead, N., Torroni, A., Scozzari, R., Gratrix, F., Tarekegn, A., Wilson, J., Capelli, C., Bradman, N. and Goldstein, D. (2002) ‘Founding Mothers of Jewish Communities: Geographically Separated Jewish Groups Were Independently Founded by Very Few Female AncestorsThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 70 (6), pp. 1411-1420. ISSN 0002-9297

2001

Torroni, A., Rengo, C., Guida, V., Cruciani, F., Sellitto, D., Coppa, A., Calderon, F., Simionati, B., Valle, G., Richards, M., Macaulay, V. and Scozzari, R. (2001) ‘Do the Four Clades of the mtDNA Haplogroup L2 Evolve at Different Rates?The American Journal of Human Genetics , 69 (6), pp. 1348-1356. ISSN 0002-9297

Bandelt, H., Lahermo, P., Richards, M. and Macaulay, V. (2001) ‘Detecting errors in mtDNA data by phylogenetic analysisInternational Journal of Legal Medicine , 115 (2), pp. 64-69. ISSN 0937-9827

Torroni, A., Bandelt, H., Macaulay, V., Richards, M., Cruciani, F., Rengo, C., Martinez-Cabrera, V., Villems, R., Kivisild, T., Metspalu, E., Parik, J., Tolk, H., Tambets, K., Forster, P., Karger, B., Francalacci, P., Rudan, P., Janicijevic, B., Rickards, O., Savontaus, M., Huoponen, K., Laitinen, V., Koivumäki, S., Sykes, B., Hickey, E., Novelletto, A., Moral, P., Sellitto, D., Coppa, A., Al-Zaheri, N., Santachiara-Benerecetti, A., Semino, O. and Scozzari, R. (2001) ‘A Signal, from Human mtDNA, of Postglacial Recolonization in EuropeThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 69 (4), pp. 844-852. ISSN 0002-9297

Oppenheimer, S. and Richards, M. (2001) ‘Fast Trains, Slow Boats, and the Ancestry of the Polynesian IslandersScience Progress , 84 (3), pp. 157-181. ISSN 00368504

Richards, M. and Macaulay, V. (2001) ‘The Mitochondrial Gene Tree Comes of AgeThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 68 (6), pp. 1315-1320. ISSN 0002-9297

Wilson, J., Weiss, D., Richards, M., Thomas, M., Bradman, N. and Goldstein, D. (2001) ‘Genetic evidence for different male and female roles during cultural transitions in the British IslesProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , 98 (9), pp. 5078-5083. ISSN 00278424

Oppenheimer, S. and Richards, M. (2001) ‘Polynesian origins: Slow boat to Melanesia?Nature , 410 (6825), pp. 166-167. ISSN 00280836

Richards, M (2001) ‘Comment: Foregone Conclusions? In Search of “Papuans” and “Austronesians”Current Anthropology , 42 (1), pp. 117-118. ISSN 0011-3204

Capelli, C., Wilson, J., Richards, M., Stumpf, M., Gratrix, F., Oppenheimer, S., Underhill, P., Pascali, V., Ko, T. and Goldstein, D. (2001) ‘A Predominantly Indigenous Paternal Heritage for the Austronesian-Speaking Peoples of Insular Southeast Asia and OceaniaThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 68 (2), pp. 432-443. ISSN 0002-9297

2000

Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Hickey, E., Vega, E., Sykes, B., Guida, V., Rengo, C., Sellitto, D., Cruciani, F., Kivisild, T., Villems, R., Thomas, M., Rychkov, S., Rychkov, O., Rychkov, Y., Gölge, M., Dimitrov, D., Hill, E., Bradley, D., Romano, V., Calì, F., Vona, G., Demaine, A., Papiha, S., Triantaphyllidis, C., Stefanescu, G., Hatina, J., Belledi, M., Di Rienzo, A., Novelletto, A., Oppenheim, A., Nørby, S., Al-Zaheri, N., Santachiara-Benerecetti, S., Scozzari, R., Torroni, A. and Bandelt, H. (2000) ‘Tracing European Founder Lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA PoolThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 67 (5), pp. 1251-1276. ISSN 0002-9297

Bandelt, H., Macaulay, V. and Richards, M. (2000) ‘Median Networks: Speedy Construction and Greedy Reduction, One Simulation, and Two Case Studies from Human mtDNAMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution , 16 (1), pp. 8-28. ISSN 1055-7903

Torroni, A., Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Forster, P., Villems, R., Nørby, S., Savontaus, M., Huoponen, K., Scozzari, R. and Bandelt, H. (2000) ‘mtDNA Haplogroups and Frequency Patterns in EuropeThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 66 (3), pp. 1173-1177. ISSN 0002-9297

Richards, M. and Macaulay, V. (2000) ‘Genetic data and the colonization of Europe: genealogies and founders’. In: Archaeogenetics: DNA and the population prehistory of Europe. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 139-151. ISBN 978-1-902937-08-3

1999

Macaulay, V., Richards, M. and Sykes, B. (1999) ‘Mitochondrial DNA recombination-no need to panicProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , 266 (1433), pp. 2037-2039. ISSN 0962-8452

Richards, M. and Colson, I. (1999) ‘Preliminary report on DNA analysis’. In: The Excavation Near Wijnaldum. Rotterdam, Netherlands: CRC Press. . ISBN 9789054104889

Macaulay, V., Richards, M., Hickey, E., Vega, E., Cruciani, F., Guida, V., Scozzari, R., Bonné-Tamir, B., Sykes, B. and Torroni, A. (1999) ‘The Emerging Tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: A Synthesis of Control-Region Sequences and RFLPsThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 64 (1), pp. 232-249. ISSN 0002-9297

1998

Lister, A., Kadwell, M., Kaagen, L., Richards, M. and Stanley, H. (1998) ‘Ancient and modern DNA in a study of horse domesticationAncient Biomolecules , 2, pp. 267-280. ISSN 1358-6122

Richards, M., Oppenheimer, S. and Sykes, B. (1998) ‘mtDNA Suggests Polynesian Origins in Eastern IndonesiaThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 63 (4), pp. 1234-1236. ISSN 0002-9297

Richards, M. and Sykes, B. (1998) ‘Reply to Barbujani et al.The American Journal of Human Genetics , 62 (2), pp. 491-492. ISSN 0002-9297

Robson, K., Dolo, A., Hackford, I., Doumbo, O., Richards, M., Keita, M., Sidibe, T., Bosman, A., Modiano, D. and Crisanti, A. (1998) ‘Natural polymorphism in the thrombospondin-related adhesive protein of Plasmodium falciparumThe American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene , 58 (1), pp. 81-89. ISSN 0002-9637

1997

Macaulay, V., Richards, M., Forster, P., Bendall, K., Watson, E., Sykes, B. and Bandelt, H. (1997) ‘mtDNA mutation rates--no need to panicAmerican Journal of Human Genetics , 61, pp. 983-986. ISSN 1537-6605

Colson, I., Richards, M., Bailey, J., Sykes, B. and Hedges, R. (1997) ‘DNA Analysis of Seven Human Skeletons Excavated from the Terp of WijnaldumJournal of Archaeological Science , 24 (10), pp. 911-917. ISSN 03054403

Watson, E., Forster, P., Richards, M. and Bandelt, H. (1997) ‘Mitochondrial footprints of human expansions in Africa. American Journal of Human Genetics , 61, pp. 691-704. ISSN 1537-6605

Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Sykes, B., Pettitt, P., Forster, P. and Bandelt, H. (1997) ‘Paleolithic and Neolithic Lineages in the European Mitochondrial Gene Pool: a reply to Cavalli-Sforza and MinchThe American Journal of Human Genetics , 61 (1), pp. 251-254. ISSN 00029297

1996

Bailey, J., Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Colson, I., James, I., Bradley, D., Hedges, R. and Sykes, B. (1996) ‘Ancient DNA Suggests a Recent Expansion of European Cattle from a Diverse Wild Progenitor SpeciesProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , 263 (1376), pp. 1467-1473. ISSN 0962-8452

Wilkinson-Herberts, H., Richards, M., Forster, P. and Sykes, B. (1996) ‘Site 73 in hypervariable region II of the human mitochondrial genome and the origin of European populations Annals of Human Genetics , 60 (6), pp. 499-508. ISSN 00034800

Sykes, B., Côrte-Real, H. and Richards, M. (1996) ‘Palaeolithic and Neolithic contributions to the European mitochondrial gene pool’. In: Molecular Biology and Human Diversity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 130-140. ISBN 9780521019224

Richards, M., Côrte-Real, H., Forster, P., Macaulay, V., Wilkinson-Herbots, H., Demaine, A., Papiha, S., Hedges, R., Bandelt, H. and Sykes, B. (1996) ‘Paleolithic and neolithic lineages in the European mitochondrial gene poolAmerican Journal of Human Genetics , 59 (1), pp. 185-203. ISSN 1537-6605

Côrte-Real, H., Macaulay, V., Richards, M., Hariti, G., Issad, M., Cambon-Thomsen, A., Papiha, S., Bertranpetit, J. and Sykes, B. (1996) ‘Genetic diversity in the Iberian Peninsula determined from mitochondrial sequence analysisAnnals of Human Genetics , 60 (4), pp. 331-350. ISSN 00034800

1995

Sykes, B., Leiboff, A., Tetzner, S. and Richards, M. (1995) ‘The origins of the Polynesians: an interpretation from mitochondrial lineage analysisAmerican Journal of Human Genetics , 57 (6), pp. 1463-1475. ISSN 1537-6605

Bandelt, H., Forster, P., Sykes, B. and Richards, M. (1995) ‘Mitochondrial portraits of human populations using median networksGenetics , 141, pp. 743-753. ISSN 0016-6731

Richards, M., Sykes, B. and Hedges, R. (1995) ‘Authenticating DNA Extracted From Ancient Skeletal RemainsJournal of Archaeological Science , 22 (2), pp. 291-299. ISSN 03054403

Richards, M (1995) ‘Mitochondrial DNA and the FrisiansNOWELE: North-Western European Language Evolution , 12, pp. 141-163. ISSN 0108-8416

1994

Handt, O., Richards, M., Trommsdorff, M., Kilger, C., Simanainen, J., Georgiev, O., Bauer, K., Stone, A., Hedges, R., Schaffner, W. and et, a. (1994) ‘Molecular genetic analyses of the Tyrolean Ice ManScience , 264 (5166), pp. 1775-1778. ISSN 0036-8075

1993

Richards, M., Smalley, K., Sykes, B. and Hedges, R. (1993) ‘Archaeology and genetics: Analysing DNA from skeletal remainsWorld Archaeology , 25 (1), pp. 18-28. ISSN 1470-1375

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