Portrait of Professor Rachel Armitage Professor Rachel Armitage

r.a.armitage@hud.ac.uk | 01484 473854



Biography

Qualifications: BSc, PhD.

Rachel has worked within the field of community safety and criminology since 1998. In 2005 she joined the Applied Criminology Centre (University of Huddersfield) following three years as a Senior Consultant for Nacro and one year as a Senior Research Fellow at the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science. In 2010 she was appointed Reader in Criminology and Deputy Director of the Applied Criminology Centre. In 2014 she became Professor of Criminology at the University of Huddersfield. She has published extensively on the subject of designing out crime – specifically the UK Secured by Design award scheme, and in 2005 she was awarded a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) for her thesis on Secured by Design - An investigation of the history, current application and potential refinements of the Secured by Design scheme. Rachel is the Chair of the Human and Health Sciences School Research Ethics Panel (January 2015 onwards).

Recent projects include managing a prestigious Home Office project to update the evidence base on the impact of residential design on crime. Rachel has also worked with Abu Dhabi’s Urban Planning Council to develop planning guidance specific to crime prevention through environmental design. Rachel has recently co-edited a special edition of the Built Environment journal on International Perspectives on Planning for Crime Prevention and in 2013 she published her sole authored book entitled: Crime Prevention through Housing Design.

Rachel is the Director of the newly formed Secure Societies Institute (SSI) that brings together research active staff and students with a common interest in the study of crime and security.

Research and Scholarship

University research group memberships

Rachel is the Director of the Secure Societies Institute, a member of the Institute for Research in Citizenship and Applied Human Sciences and of the Applied Criminology Centre.

Research interests

  • Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
  • Situational Crime Prevention
  • Terrorism
  • CCTV and Surveillance
  • Designing out Crime: The public engagement video Designing out Crime: Building Safer Communities, on the subject of designing out crime, demonstrates the concepts and also the effectiveness of this crime reduction measure.

Selected research projects

Selected conference presentations

  • Armitage, R. and Joyce, C. (2016) Why my house? Exploring offender perspectives on risk and protective factors in residential housing design – an update. National Secured by Design Conference, Northampton, March, 2016.
  • Armitage, R. (2015) Planning for Crime Prevention in the UK: Does it work and how can it be improved? Korean Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Association – International Conference on CPTED. Seoul, November 2015.
  • Armitage, R. (2015) Why my house? Exploring offender perspectives on risk and protective factors in residential housing design. International Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Association Conference. Calgary, October 2015.
  • Armitage, R. and Joyce, C. (2015) Why my house? Exploring offender perspectives on risk and protective factors in residential housing design. National Architectural Liaison Officer’s Conference. Stratford Upon Avon, February 2015.
  • Armitage, R. (2012) Yes, No, Definitely, Maybe! What Works in Designing out Crime from Residential Housing, and What are the Implications for Policy and Practice? The University of Sydney – Comparative Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) Conference, Sydney, Australia, January, 2012.
  • Armitage, R. (April 2006) Predicting and Protecting: Measuring the Risk of Theft of Electronic Products. The Theft of Electronic Products: Risks and Remedies, BT Conference Centre, London, April, 2006.

 

Publications and Other Research Outputs

2016

Armitage, R. and Joyce, C. (2016) ‘“Why my house?” – Exploring the influence of residential housing design on burglar decision making.’. In: Re-building Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED. Oxford, UK: Routledge. .

Armitage, R. and Monchuk, L. (2016) ‘What is CPTED? Reconnecting theory with application in the words of users and abusers.Policing: a Journal of Policy and Practice . ISSN 1752-4520

Armitage, R (2016) ‘Crime Prevention through Environmental Design’. In: Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis. Abingdon: Routledge. pp. 259-285. ISBN 978-1138891135

Monchuk, L. and Armitage, R. (2016) ‘What is CPTED? Reconnecting theory with application in the words of users and abusers’. In: AIC Australian Institute of Criminology Occasional Seminar, 28th October 2016, National Circuit, Barton, ACT, Canberra, Australia

Armitage, R. and Pascoe, T. (2016) ‘Crime Prevention through Environmental Design’. In: Handbook of Crime Prevention and Citizen Security For Latin America. Arévalo: Ediciones Didot. .

Armitage, R (2016) ‘Design, Crime and the Built Environment’. In: Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety. : Wilan. . ISBN 978-1-13-885105-4

Joyce, C. and Armitage, R. (2016) ‘Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) and retail crime: Exploring Offender Perspectives on Risk and Protective factors in the Design and Layout of Retail Environments.’. In: Retail Crime: International Evidence and Prevention, 15-16 September 2016, Stockholm, Sweden

Armitage, R. and Joyce, C. (2016) ‘Why my house? Exploring offender perspectives on risk and protective factors in residential housing design – an update’. In: Secured by Design Conference, 2nd - 3rd March 2016, Whittlebury Hall, Northamptonshire

2015

Armitage, R (2015) ‘Planning for crime prevention in the UK: Does it work and can it be improved?’. In: Korean Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Association – International Conference on CPTED, November 2015, Seoul, Korea

Armitage, R (2015) ‘Why my house? Exploring offender perspectives on risk and protective factors in residential housing design’. In: 2015 ICA Conference: Inclusive places. Safe places. Favourite places, 19-20 October 2015, Calgary, Canada

Armitage, R. and Joyce, C. (2015) ‘Why my house? Exploring offender perspectives on risk and protective factors in residential housing design’. In: National Architectural Liaison Officer’s Conference, February 2015, Stratford Upon Avon

2014

Armitage, R (2014) ‘The Devil is in the Detail: Exploring the Relationship between Housing Design and Crime’. In: American Society of Criminology Annual Conference, 19-22 November 2014, San Francisco

Rogerson, M. and Armitage, R. (2014) ‘The Impact of Housing Design on Crime’. In: Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Berlin, Germany: Springer. pp. 3105-3111. ISBN 978-94-007-0752-8

Armitage, R., Monchuk, L., Bishop, G., Dhingra, K. and Swailes, S. (2014) Promoting Positive Behaviours in Social Housing University of Huddersfield (Unpublished)

Hirschfield, A. and Armitage, R. (2014) Designing out Crime: Building Safer Communities [Video]

Armitage, R (2014) ‘Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design’. In: Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. London: Springer. . ISBN 9781461456919

2013

Mclean, M., Roach, J. and Armitage, R. (2013) ‘Local variations in reporting deaths to the coroner in England and Wales: a postcode lottery?Journal of Clinical Pathology , 66 (11), pp. 933-936. ISSN 0021-9746

Hirschfield, A., Armitage, R., Ekblom, P. and Roach, J. (2013) ‘Holding the line: The sustainability of police involvement in crime prevention’. In: The Future of Policing. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 299-316. ISBN 9780415821629

Armitage, R (2013) Crime Prevention through Housing Design: Policy and Practice . Crime Prevention and Security Management. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230356177

Armitage, R (2013) ‘Consideration for Crime Prevention within the Planning System: Responding to Changes in Policy and practice within England and Wales’. In: 6th Ajman International Urban Planning Conference: City and Security, 11-14 March 2013, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

Armitage, R (2013) ‘Consideration for crime prevention within the planning system: Responding to changes in policy and practice within England and Wales’. In: Conference Proceeding of 6th Ajman International Urban Planning Conference – City and Security. : . . ISBN 978-0-956374

Armitage, R (2013) ‘Introduction: Planning for Crime Prevention: A Comparative PerspectiveBuilt Environment , 39 (1). ISSN 0263-7960

Ekblom, P., Armitage, R., Monchuk, L. and Castell, B. (2013) ‘Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design in the United Arab Emirates: A Suitable Case for Reorientation?Built Environment , 39 (1), pp. 92-113. ISSN 02637960

Armitage, R., Rogerson, M. and Pease, K. (2013) ‘What is good about good design? Exploring the link between housing quality and crimeBuilt Environment , 39 (1), pp. 140-161. ISSN 0263-7960

2012

Batley, R., Rogerson, M., Nellthorp, J., Wardman, M., Hirschfield, A., Newton, A., Shires, J., Monchuk, L., Armitage, R., Sharratt, K., Johnson, D. and Chintakayala, P. (2012) Evaluating measures to improve personal security and the value of their benefits Rail Safety and Standards Board

Armitage, R (2012) ‘Let’s be brave! Making the transition from research to reality’. In: Design Against Crime: Crime Proofing Everyday Products. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. . ISBN 978-1-58826-813-6

Armitage, R (2012) ‘Yes, No, Definitely, Maybe! What Works in Designing out Crime from Residential Housing, and What are the Implications for Policy and Practice?’. In: Comparative Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) Conference, January, 2012, The University of Sydney , Australia

2011

Armitage, R (2011) The Impact of Connectivity and Through-Movement within Residential Developments on Levels of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield (Unpublished)

Armitage, R (2011) Assessing the Impact of Residential Design on Crime: A Guide to Conducting Case Studies Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield (Unpublished)

Armitage, R (2011) The Impact of the Design and Layout of Car Parking on Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield (Unpublished)

Smithson, H., Monchuk, L. and Armitage, R. (2011) ‘Gang Member: Who Says? Definitional and Structural Issues’. In: Youth Gangs an International Perspective: Tales from the Eurogang Program of Research. London: Springer. pp. 53-68. ISBN 978-1-4614-1658-6

Armitage, R. and Monchuk, L. (2011) ‘Sustaining the crime reduction impact of designing out crime: Re-evaluating the Secured by Design scheme 10 years onSecurity Journal , 24 (4), pp. 320-343. ISSN 0955-1662

Armitage, R (2011) ‘Benchmarking: A Review of International Policy and Practice in Planning for Crime Prevention’. In: Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council, June, 2011, Abu Dhabi

Armitage, R (2011) ‘Introduction: A New Look at Environmental CrimeEuropean Journal on Criminal Policy and Research , 17 (2), pp. 83-85. ISSN 0928-1371

Armitage, R., Monchuk, L. and Rogerson, M. (2011) ‘It Looks Good, but What is it Like to Live There? Exploring the Impact of Innovative Housing Design on CrimeEuropean Journal on Criminal Policy and Research , 17 (1), pp. 29-54. ISSN 0928-1371

Monchuk, L. and Armitage, R. (2011) ‘1999 to 2009: Re-evaluating Secured by Design (SBD) Housing in West Yorkshire’. In: HCA Design Forum North East, Yorkshire and The Humber: Designing out Crime, 11 March 2011, Leeds

2010

Monchuk, L. and Armitage, R. (2010) ‘1999 to 2009: Re-Evaluating Secured by Design (SBD) Housing in West Yorkshire’. In: National ALO/CPDA Training Event, 26-28 January 2010, Nottingham

2009

Armitage, R. and Monchuk, L. (2009) ‘1999 to 2009: Re-evaluating Secured by Design Ten Years On’. In: International Design Out Crime Conference, December, 2009., Perth, Australia

Armitage, R. and Monchuk, L. (2009) ‘1999 to 2009: Re-evaluating Secured by Design Ten Years On’. In: Proceedings of iDOC'09 'What's Up Doc' International Design Out Crime Conference. Perth, Western Australia: Design Out Crime Research Centre. . ISBN 9781876394189

Monchuk, L. and Armitage, R. (2009) ‘Reconciling Security with Sustainability: The Challenge for Eco-Homes’. In: 9th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, 9–12 September 2009, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Armitage, R. and Monchuk, L. (2009) ‘Reconciling Security with Sustainability: The Challenge for Eco-HomesBuilt Environment , 35 (3), pp. 308-327. ISSN 02637960

Armitage, R. and Gamman, L. (2009) ‘Sustainability via Security: A New LookBuilt Environment , 35 (3), pp. 297-301. ISSN 02637960

Armitage, R. and Brooke, M. (2009) ‘Re-evaluating Secured by Design housing in West Yorkshire: 1999 – 2009’. In: Architectural Liaison Officer’s Conference, January 2009, Nottingham

Smithson, H., Christmann, K., Armitage, R., Monchuk, L., Whitehead, A. and Rogerson, M. (2009) Young People’s Involvement in Gangs and Guns in Liverpool University of Huddersfield

2008

Newton, A., Hirschfield, A., Armitage, R., Rogerson, M., Monchuk, L. and Wilcox, A. (2008) Evaluation of Licensing Act: Measuring Crime and Disorder in and around Licensed Premises, Research Study SRG/05/007 Annex 4: Guildford, prepared for the Home Office University of Huddersfield

Newton, A., Hirschfield, A., Armitage, R., Rogerson, M., Monchuk, L. and Wilcox, A. (2008) Evaluation of Licensing Act: Measuring Crime and Disorder in and around Licensed Premises, Research Study SRG/05/007 Annex 3: Croydon, prepared for the Home Office University of Huddersfield

Newton, A., Hirschfield, A., Armitage, R., Rogerson, M., Monchuk, L. and Wilcox, A. (2008) Evaluation of Licensing Act: Measuring Crime and Disorder in and around Licensed Premises, Research Study SRG/05/007 Annex 5: Nottingham, prepared for the Home Office University of Huddersfield

Newton, A., Hirschfield, A., Armitage, R., Rogerson, M., Monchuk, L. and Wilcox, A. (2008) Evaluation of Licensing Act: Measuring Crime and Disorder in and around Licensed Premises, Research Study SRG/05/007 Technical Annex prepared for the Home Office University of Huddersfield

Newton, A., Hirschfield, A., Armitage, R., Rogerson, M., Monchuk, L. and Wilcox, A. (2008) Evaluation of Licensing Act: Measuring Crime and Disorder in and around Licensed Premises, Research Study SRG/05/007 Final Report prepared for the Home Office University of Huddersfield

Newton, A., Hirschfield, A., Armitage, R., Rogerson, M., Monchuk, L. and Wilcox, A. (2008) Evaluation of Licensing Act: Measuring Crime and Disorder in and around Licensed Premises, Research Study SRG/05/007 Annex 1: Blackpool, prepared for the Home Office University of Huddersfield

Newton, A., Hirschfield, A., Armitage, R., Rogerson, M., Monchuk, L. and Wilcox, A. (2008) Evaluation of Licensing Act: Measuring Crime and Disorder in and around Licensed Premises, Research Study SRG/05/007 Annex 2: Birmingham, prepared for the Home Office University of Huddersfield

Newton, A., Armitage, R., Hirschfield, A., Monchuk, L., Rogerson, M., Wilcox, A. and Hunter, G. (2008) The Impact of the Licensing Act 2003 on Levels of Crime and Disorder: Key Findings of the Croydon Case Study, prepared for the Home Office King's College London

Newton, A., Armitage, R., Hirschfield, A., Monchuk, L., Rogerson, M., Wilcox, A. and Jacobson, J. (2008) The Impact of the Licensing Act 2003 on Levels of Crime and Disorder: Key Findings of the Birmingham Case Study, prepared for the Home Office King's College London

Newton, A., Armitage, R., Hirschfield, A., Monchuk, L., Rogerson, M., Wilcox, A. and Jacobson, J. (2008) The Impact of the Licensing Act 2003 on Levels of Crime and Disorder: Key Findings of the Blackpool Case Study, prepared for the Home Office King's College London

Jacobson, J., Newton, A., Armitage, R., Hirschfield, A., Monchuk, L., Rogerson, M. and Wilcox, A. (2008) The Impact of the Licensing Act 2003 on Levels of Crime and Disorder: Key Findings of the Nottingham Case Study, prepared for the Home Office King's College London

Newton, A., Armitage, R., Hirschfield, A., Monchuk, L., Rogerson, M., Wilcox, A. and Hunter, G. (2008) The Impact of the Licensing Act 2003 on Levels of Crime and Disorder: Key Findings of the Guildford Case Study, prepared for the Home Office King's College London

2007

Armitage, R (2007) ‘Sustainability Versus Safety: Confusion, Conflict and Contradiction in Designing out Crime’. In: Imagination for Crime Prevention: Essays in Honour of Ken Pease. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. pp. 81-110. ISBN 978-1-881798-70-5

Armitage, R. and Pease, K. (2007) ‘Predicting and Preventing The Theft Of Electronic ProductsEuropean Journal on Criminal Policy and Research , 14 (1), pp. 12-37. ISSN 1572-9869

Armitage, R. and Pease, K. (2007) ‘Design and Crime: Proofing Electronic Products and Services against TheftEuropean Journal on Criminal Policy and Research , 14 (1), pp. 1-9. ISSN 1572-9869

Armitage, R. and Smithson, H. (2007) ‘Alley-gating revisited: the sustainability of resident's satisfactionInternet Journal of Criminology .

Smithson, H. and Armitage, R. (2007) ‘What role for street crime wardens?Community Safety Journal , 6 (2), pp. 22-31. ISSN 1477-5883

2006

Armitage, R (2006) ACPO Alley-gating Guide 2005/06 Huddersfield, UK: Association of Chief Police Officers (Submitted)

Armitage, R (2006) ‘Predicting and Preventing: Developing a Risk Assessment Mechanism for Residential HousingCrime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal , 8 (3), pp. 137-149. ISSN 1460-3780

2004

Armitage, R (2004) Secured by design - an investigation of its history, development and future role in crime reduction. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

2003

Armitage, R. and Everson, S. (2003) ‘Building for Burglars?Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal , 5 (4), pp. 15-25. ISSN 1460-3780

2002

Armitage, R (2002) ‘Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour: What Really WorksNacro Briefing Note .

Armitage, R (2002) ‘To CCTV or not to CCTV?: A review of current research into the effectiveness of CCTV systems in reducing crimeNacro Briefing Note .

2000

Armitage, R (2000) ‘An Evaluation of Secured by Design Housing within West YorkshireHome Office Briefing Note , 7/00, pp. 1-4.

1999

Armitage, R., Smyth, G. and Pease, K. (1999) ‘Burnley CCTV Evaluation’. In: Surveillance of public space : CCTV, street lighting and crime prevention. New York: Criminal Justice. pp. 225-250. ISBN 9781881798224

Esteem

Editorial Boards

  • Member of the Editorial Board for Security Journal (Palgrave Macmillan).
  • Book Reviews Editor for Security Journal (Palgrave Macmillan).
  • Member of the Editorial Board for European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research (Springer).

Editing Journals

  • Editor (with Prof Ken Pease) of Special Edition of European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research - Design and Crime: Proofing Electronic Products and Services against Theft (2007).
  • Editor (with Prof Lorraine Gamman) of Special Edition of Built Environment Journal - Security Versus Sustainability: Aligning the Two Agendas (2009).
  • Editor of Special Edition of European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research - A New Look at Environmental Crime (2010).
  • Editor (with Leanne Monchuk) of Special Edition of Built Environment Journal – International Perspective on Planning for Crime Prevention (2012).

External Examining

  • External Examiner for Crime Science MSc – University College London (2016-present).

Journals/publishers

Regular invited peer reviewer for the following international journals and book publishers:

  • Security Journal.
  • European Journal of Criminology.
  • International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice.
  • Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal.
  • Urban Planning and Transport Research.
  • Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.
  • British Journal of Criminology.
  • British Society of Criminology Journal – Papers from the British Criminology Conference.
  • Applied Geography.
  • Environment and Behaviour.
  • Safer Communities.
  • Fields – The University of Huddersfield Student Research Journal.
  • Routledge (Taylor and Francis group).
  • Springer.

Funding bodies:

  • ESRC.
  • Home Office.
  • Polish National Science Centre.

Committee/Group Membership

  • Member of CEN/BT/WG161 Expert Group on the Reduction of Crime Risk in Products and Services (2005-2007).
  • Member of School Board - University of Huddersfield (2006-2008).
  • Member of Thames Valley Police Force Permeability Working Group (March 2006-2008).
  • Chair of the School of Human and Health Sciences Research Ethics Panel (SREP) - January 2015 to present.
  • Chair of the School of School of Human and Health Sciences Research Ethics and Governance Committee (2016-2017).
  • Member of the University Research Ethics and Integrity Committee (2015-2017).
  • School of Human and Health Sciences Research Integrity Champion (2015-2017).

Research Degree Supervision

PhD Supervision Past and Present

Supervision of the following completed PhD students:

  • PhD Supervisor Vicky Heap (ESRC CASE full time studentship - Understanding perceptions of anti-social behaviour: problems and policy responses (completed 2010).
  • PhD Supervisor Jennifer Thomas (University of Huddersfield funded full-time studentship) - The Impact of Innovations in Ballistic Science on Investigations of Gun Crime (completed 2011).
  • PhD Supervisor Max Mclean (University of Huddersfield fee waiver full-time studentship) - Open (and Narrative) verdicts at Coroners Court: an assessment of common features and lessons for police investigators. (completed 2015).
  • PhD Supervisor (Director of Studies) Leanne Monchuk (University of Huddersfield funded part-time studentship) - Designing out Crime: The Manchester Model (completed 2016).
  • PhD Supervisor (Director of Studies) Catherine Smyth (University of Huddersfield full-time Professional Doctorate) - Investigating the experience of violence among South Asian Women living in Northern England (completed 2016).
  • PhD supervisor Ashley Cartwright (University fee waiver full-time studentship) - Malingering for Money: An empirical exploration (completed 2016).

Supervision of the following current PhD students:

  • PhD Supervisor (Director of Studies) Mark Stokes (self-funding - full time studentship) - A longitudinal study of the sustainability of designing out crime in high-rise housing (submission expected 2015).
  • PhD Supervisor Lauren Wray (self funding - full time studentship) - An analysis of the policing of domestic terrorism in the UK with reference to the role of the police and the police officer (submission expected 2015).
  • PhD Supervisor (Director of Studies) Monika Baylis (University of Huddersfield fee waiver full-time studentship) - An international Cross-Cultural study exploring police approaches (modern policing) towards anti-social behaviour interventions aimed at young people in Poland, England and Wales (submission expected September 2017).
  • PhD supervisor: Charlotte Sanson (University fee waiver full-time studentship) – Are Perceptions of Personal Safety and Seriousness of Crime influenced by the Proximity to Crime Location? (Submission expected 2018).
  • PhD Supervisor: Dawn Wibberley (University of Huddersfield fee waiver full-time studentship) -  Is prevention better than cure? Support, acceptability and viability in working with potential and undetected child sex offenders in England and Wales (submission expected 2019).
  • PhD Supervisor: Sharna Campbell (University of Huddersfield fee waiver full-time studentship) - Psychotherapist’s perspective on the cycle of child abuse: What drives a person to commit child abuse (submission expected 2019).

Postgraduate research opportunities with Professor Rachel Armitage

Enterprise Activities

  • Signed on MoU with Sydney Institute of Criminology, University of Sydney, Australia.
  • Work closely with West Yorkshire Police including research using CVF funds.
  • Work closely with Greater Manchester Police including research using CVF funds.
  • Work closely with Sadeh Lok (Registered Social Landlord) including research using CVF funds.

Administrative Responsibilities

  • Chair of the School Research Ethics Panel (SREP) - January 2015 onwards.M.li>
  • Member of School of Human and Health Sciences Research Management Group.
  • Manage three staff: Leanne Monchuk (Research Assistant), Kris Christmann (Research Fellow) and Michelle Rogerson (Senior Research Fellow).

Teaching and Professional Activities

  • Module HHB1038 - Supervision of students for Final Year Project (BSc Criminology).

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